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Market surveillance on electrical equipment in Denmark UNECE FORUM ON MARKET SURVEILLANCE Session II: Practical experiences when implementing market surveillance on sectoral level II. 1: Household electrical goods 29 th October - Geneva Jan Roed jan. [email protected] dk Head of Market Surveillance and Standardisation Danish Electricity Council
Content • How is Market Surveillance carried out in DK – – – About the Electricity Council What triggers Market Surveillance Basic elements Use of statistic to make targeted surveillance How to obtain statistical date The most striking problems in the area of non-compliance • What are the achievements of Market Surveillance • Information exchange between Member States • What are the shortcomings of Market Surveillance
Market Surveillance in Denmark • The Electricity Council – One office located in Copenhagen – Responsibility of all electrical matters – 54 employees in total – 8 inspectors handle the practical Market Surveillance activities (directly related to electrical appliances)
Market Surveillance in Denmark • Ministry of Economic and Enterprises • The Electricity Council Installations Standardisation Authorisation Utility grid Market surveillance
What triggers Market Surveillance? • It is a de facto requirement from the LVD !! – Special Projects (i. e. Christmas lighting chains) – An accident (fire or electric shock) involving an electrical apparatus – A complaint (consumer/retailer/importer/manufacturer) – Random inspection – A notification under article 9 or via the RAPEX system from another EU Member State
Catch of data to produce statistic • Fire and electric shock related to the use of electric apparatus and installations reported directly to the Electricity Council • Data from Emergency rooms in hospitals in DK covering 14% of the population • Reports from the police (fire and accidents) • Report from the workers' safety agency (accidents which cause more than one day off work) • Information from the press (newspaper etc)
Production of accident statistic • For electric shock and arcs – 100 % of all fatal accidents – serious accidents on work – 14 % accidents by laymen • For fires – all large fires (cost >150. 000 €) – approx. 20% of smaller fires • The production of the documents costs 3 man years!
Main findings from statistic • Calculation of the cost of fire and electric shock for the society – Registered electric fires cost 82 Mio € – Estimated electric fires (from insurance companies and press) cost 400 Mio € – Electric shock and arcs cost 29 Mio € • => In principle we should only look for products which have a risk of fire!!!
What causes the fires? Household appliances 37% Installations 25% Railways 1% Machinery 7% Low Voltage Directive Luminaires 12% Utilities 3% Radio, TV, computers 15%
es ttl Ke Ow e T fri um ns, s ge ble t rat r d ows or ry El s an ers ec d f tri ca reez l r er ad s Ho i ov To ator ers He an aste ati ng Ho d si rs bla t ai mil nk r he ar ets at W e as hin and rs g m pad s ac hin es Re Number of fires in year 2000 Which household appliances cause fire ?
-se M t pr achi o n M duc ery ten achi tion for etc an ner ce y. of for bu m Ot ildi ain he n r a gs pp ara tus Ra dio etc. TV s ire na mi Lu Number of fires in year 2000 Other apparatus causing fires
Reasons for fire Wrong use of apparatus 26% Information needed !!!! Unknown 37% Old apparatus 10% Mist 6% Loose connection 7% Fixed installations Insulation 10% Error in apparatus 1% Animals Market 3% Surveillance
Market Surveillance - basic elements • A product is chosen • Technical investigations • Evaluation of the result in relation to LVD Article 2 • Decision of measures to be taken • Formal notification
How to choose a product • Purchase the product in a shop • Request samples from manufacturer or importer • Border control - custom co-operation (not regarding EU or EEA countries)
Technical investigations • Visual inspection • Request of ECdeclaration of conformity • Test by Notified Body Metal lampholde r Lack of insulatio n Risk of shock
Evaluation of the result • LVD Article 2, Electrical equipment may be placed on the market only if – It is constructed in accordance with good engineering practice in safety matters – It does not endanger the safety of persons, domestic animals or property • It must be proven that the product is dangerous - not only that it do not comply with standards
Decision of measures to be taken • If the product is immediately dangerous /risk of fire or shock or mechanical risk – sales ban & withdrawal from consumers via advertising in all major newspapers or in TV • If the product is dangerous (one more foreseeable failure can make it immediately dangerous) – sales ban & withdrawal from retailer 15 -20 per year in DK 30 -50 per year in DK
Formal Notification • If measures are taken, Denmark Notifies the other EU and EEA Member States – 5 -10 pages including pictures. . .
Formal notification (pictures) The same electronically controlled toaster, as it appears after an accident. . . Toaster - as it is sold in the shop. . .
Typical safety problems • Lack of cable anchorage • Insulation problems (too short distances bad quality of insulation) • Poor mechanical design (access to live parts without use of tools) • Child appealing luminaires constructed to 230 V • Problems with thermal switches
Most striking problems
Enforcement is not only Market Surveillance • DK tends to use more and more information campaigns on ”what to do” • DK co-operates with Industry, importers, retailers and other stakeholders (information meetings) • DK uses many resources on standardisation (5 man years and 1, 5 Mio € per year for external help and translation of standards)
Achievements of Market Surveillance • Looking into ”other risks” than fire and electric shock (mechanical risk and risk of hot surfaces of electrical consumer products) • Eliminating the most dangerous products with regard to fire and electric shock • Feedback to standardisation dept. and information dept.
Improvements in the practices • More targeted and less random Market Surveillance • Common projects with other countries • Co-operation with custom authorities • Use of notifications made by other countries
Information exchange between Member States Paper copy Denmark Electronic version DK notification Sweden Finland Germany Italy Spain France ….
LVD ADCO • • • Member states meets twice every year Discussion on measures taken Alignment of decisions Coordination with the Commission Networking
Typical distribution of products
Origin of manufacturer for products
Improvements in the procedures • Intensive use of electronic tools – internet for tracing of products and manufacturers – Databases for comparison of products and shortcomings found – 100% electronic in-house document handling – seek to communicate electronically with all cooperating partners • Use of different testhouses to find best practice and save money
Procedural shortcomings • At national level we have 5 levels of intervention depending of how severe the risk is. • At European level there is only one level of intervention (=Notification under Article 9) and according to LVD, Member States are obliged to notify if measures are taken to limit the free circulation of goods.
Where to find more information • Electrical safety: http: //europa. eu. int/comm/enterprise/electr_ equipment/lv/index. htm • Standards: http: //www. cenelec. org and http: //www. iec. ch • Danish Authorities: http: //www. elraadet. dk