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Manifest Destiny Map of United States Circa 1830 Manifest Destiny Map of United States Circa 1830

Describe the factors which caused the opening of the Western Frontier Gold Rush! Discovery Describe the factors which caused the opening of the Western Frontier Gold Rush! Discovery of Gold in California and Nevada. Comstock Lode produced over 300 million in Gold and Silver. (Bonanza!) Growth of Towns and Cities Boom Towns sprung up during the gold rush and Ghost Towns developed when gold ran dry 2

Other Factors Building of the Transcontinental Railroad. Government Influence-free western land, Lent money to Other Factors Building of the Transcontinental Railroad. Government Influence-free western land, Lent money to the RR etc. 3

Rise and fall of the Cattle Kingdom Rise of the Cattle Kingdom: Joseph Mc. Rise and fall of the Cattle Kingdom Rise of the Cattle Kingdom: Joseph Mc. Coy – first established the cattle market at Abilene, Kansas. The Chisholm Trail was one of the earliest and most popular routes for cattles drives. 4

Range Wars! Most ranchers grazed their herds on the open range or public land. Range Wars! Most ranchers grazed their herds on the open range or public land. Range right guaranteed access to water sources without owning lands. Range wars began between farmers and ranchers after the invention of barbed wire fences. 5

Life of Cowboys were workers who took care of a rancher’s cattle and became Life of Cowboys were workers who took care of a rancher’s cattle and became a symbol of the American West Vaqueros were Mexican ranch hands. American cowboys borrowed many of their techniques. Gathering cattle together was known as the roundup Cowboys often worked long hours in harsh weather for very little pay. 6

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What is Manifest Destiny? 8 American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and What is Manifest Destiny? 8 American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast

What is “Manifest Destiny” • Belief that the US should expand its territory from What is “Manifest Destiny” • Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast 9

US Territorial Expansion When? • 1776 From Where? • Great Britain A - 13 US Territorial Expansion When? • 1776 From Where? • Great Britain A - 13 Original Colonies Why? • US declared independence from Great Britain 10 A

US Territorial Expansion When? • 1783 From Where? • Great Britain B - Western US Territorial Expansion When? • 1783 From Where? • Great Britain B - Western Lands Why? • Part of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War) 11 A B

US Territorial Expansion When? • 1803 From Where? • France C - Louisiana Purchase US Territorial Expansion When? • 1803 From Where? • France C - Louisiana Purchase Why? • Napoleon needed $ • Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans 12 • He got all of this instead! C A B

US Territorial Expansion When? • 1819 From Where? • Spain D - Florida Why? US Territorial Expansion When? • 1819 From Where? • Spain D - Florida Why? • Andrew Jackson invaded • Spain then sold it to us for $5 million 13 C A B D

Thinking Question (don’t write this down!! Just think!) Why weren’t Americans happy with the Thinking Question (don’t write this down!! Just think!) Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history? 14

Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk • Elected President in 1844 • Added more Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk • Elected President in 1844 • Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other President • Died 103 days after his single term ended 15

US Territorial Expansion When? E - Texas • 1845 From Where? • Republic of US Territorial Expansion When? E - Texas • 1845 From Where? • Republic of Texas (Independent Country) Why? • Texas independent from Mexico in 1836 • Northerners feared it would become a slave state 16 • Fears finally overcome in 1944 Presidential C E A B D

US Territorial Expansion When? F - Oregon Territory • 1846 From Where? • Great US Territorial Expansion When? F - Oregon Territory • 1846 From Where? • Great Britain Why? • Claimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US) • Americans demanded “ 54° 40’ or fight!” 17 • Britain compromised 49° & US accepted F C E A B D

US Territorial Expansion When? G - Mexican Cession • 1848 From Where? • Mexico US Territorial Expansion When? G - Mexican Cession • 1848 From Where? • Mexico Why? • Polk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuse • War! F C G A B • US wins 18 • In Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for G E D

Discussion Question (Don’t write!! Just think!) Why does the U. S. keep offering countries Discussion Question (Don’t write!! Just think!) Why does the U. S. keep offering countries money for territories we gain through war (Ex. Florida and Mexico)? 19