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MANHATTANVILLE COLLEGE Second Annual Educational Forum June 8, 2007 INCLUSION for ELs: SIOP IN ELEMENTARY CLASSROOMS Presenter: Marina A. Moran Bedford CSD
Historical Perspective Change in Student Demographics 1991 -92 through 2001 -02 95% EL growth 12% total enrollment growth n Change in Teacher Demographics 200 new teachers hired in last 2 years n Increased Accountability Measures, AYP, NCLB n
District Perspective n n Student Profile * greater disparity among ELLs culturally and educationally within past ten years * increased NYS learner standards and accountability (NCLB) Philosophy, Research and Pedagogy * inclusive educational opportunities for students
Bedford CSD Limited English Proficiency Trends
Social Versus Academic Language BICS n Simpler language n Face-to-face n Simpler, familiar topics n Clues from social context, gestures, expressions n Many opportunities for clarification CALP n Complex language structures n Lecture-style communication, reading a textbook n Little situational context n Precise understanding required; higher-order thinking
How Long Does it Take to Achieve Proficiency?
Cumming’s Model of Academic Language A Cognitively Undemanding - face-to-face conversations - following simple directions C - telephone conversations - note on refrigerator Context Embedded Reduced B - Demonstrations - Science experiments - A-V assisted lesson -reading a textbook D - lecture with few illustrations - Math concepts and applications Cognitively Demanding
Change in service delivery model: pull-out inclusion collaboration between classroom and ESL teachers
What is sheltered instruction? n Brainstorm with a partner a definition of sheltered instruction. • • • Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
Sheltered Instruction True/False Questions 1. 2. 3. Sheltered Instruction is used in sheltered content courses. Sheltered Instruction is used in a variety of program models. Sheltered Instruction cannot be used in classes that contain both ELLs and native English speakers.
Sheltered Instruction True/False Questions cont. 4. 5. 6. Sheltered Instruction is the same as high quality instruction for native English speakers. Language development classes should be separate from content classes for ELLs to learn best. In Sheltered Instruction classes, teachers integrate ESL Standards.
Teachers and the Integrated Approach Content Teacher Language Teacher
The Integrated Approach n n Application of instructional methods which integrate language and content Principles for developing or adapting instructional materials which integrate language and content Identification of relationship between content and language skills Strategies for assessment of students’ language skills as well as content area concepts and skills
Distinction to note… n n In content-based ESL classes, the instructor’s main goal is English language skill development and the secondary goal is teaching the students content concepts and vocabulary for the regular mainstream classroom. In sheltered instruction, ELLS participate in specific content courses with grade-level objectives that are delivered through modified instruction to make the content more comprehensible to the students.
SIOP n n n A means for making grade-level content comprehensible to English language learners. Scientifically-based approach Framework for collaboration between ESL and classroom teacher
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) Components n n n n Preparation Building Background Comprehensible Input Strategies Interaction Practice/Application Lesson Delivery Review/Assessment
SIOP in Action at Bedford Central School District Video clip viewing
Implementation Plan n n Buy-in Class formation Training Implementation Support Assessment
Data Collection Administrators’ Survey