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• … • I like the song whose name is Lemon • I wonder how I wonder why Tree very much. • Yesterday you told me 'bout the blue sky …all that I I can see that • • and all ______ can see is just a yellow lemon tree. that • and all ______ I can see is just a yellow that lemon tree…
定 语 从 句 的 引 导 词 关 系 代 词 指人 who(主语、宾语)，whom(宾语)， that(主语、宾语), whose(定语) 指物 that(主语、宾语), which(主语、宾语) whose(定语) 关 系 副 词 where (地点状语) when (时间状语) why (原因状语) 介词 + which/whom
who, that, whom, which, whose who/ that 1. I have a friend ______ likes listening to music. Subject 2. This is the factory (which/ that) we visited _______ yesterday. Object whose 3. The man ______ leg broke in a match used to be a football player. attribute which/ that 4. Kate is reading a book ______ is too difficult for her. Subject
that which I I’ll always remember the lake ______ _ first met who _____ my girlfriend. ?
Where • 指地点，在定语从句中作地点状语。 • 其先行词是表示地点的名词，如：place, school, factory, room, etc. • This is the park where __ planted _____ he a tree last year. • This is the park which/that they visited ___ last year.
When • 指时间，在定语从句中作时间状语。 • 其先行词是表时间的名词, 如: time, day, week, year, month, etc. • I still remember the dayswhich/that we spent _______ __ together. • I still remember the day when I joined the ____ _____ League.
Why 原因 原因状语 • 指_____，在定语从句中作____。 • 先行词为_____. reason why __ __ • The reason _____ he didn't attend the meeting _____ was that he was ill. • I don't believe the reason which/that __ ____ he explained.
如何判定用关系代词还是用关系副词 1、找出从句中是否主语和宾语都齐全。如齐全用关系副词。 否则用关系代词。 when I I will never forget the days ______ _ stayed with you. __ why __ Please give me the reason _____ you made such a great success. ____ that/ _ 1949 is the year ______ I will never forget. which
2、如定语从句中缺宾语，则判断从句的谓语动词是否为 及物动词，如是，用关系代词；否则，用关系副词。 where ____ Yesterday we went to visit the house ______ (the great writer used to ___ live). which The house ______ (they built in 1987) was destroyed in the earthqua that ___ who / whom I ____ Luckily none of the people _____ ( _ know) were killed in the that earthquake. / 常见不及物动词： live, work, stay, … 常见及物动词： build, know, remember, forget, Spend, …
D 1. I will never forget the day _____ I first went to school. 2. I will never forget the day spent in Beijing. A/B ______ we A/B 3. The house _______ we visited is being repaired now. 4. The house _____ Luxun once lived is C being repaired now. A. That B. Which C. Where D. When
• 关系副词when, where, why可以用适当的介词+which来替代。 如：when=in/on/at…+which, where=in/on/at…+which, why=for+ which • 1. This is the room where (in which) I lived. = This is the room which I lived in. • 2. I don’t know the reason why (for which) he haven’t come today. • 3. Tom still remembers the days when they lived in Tianjin. In /on / at which
1. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯. in Tom still remembers the days ___ which they lived in Tianjin. 2. 根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系. This is the newspaper ____which you often for write articles. 3. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配，如： This is the book ___ which you asked. for Mendela is the man ___ whom I am grateful.
是否所有的介词+关系代词都能用关系副词代替? at which The painting (_____ I looked) was painted by me. The hero (______I heard) died twenty years ago. about whom Kunming is a beautiful place where/in which ( flowers are seen all _______ the year round). I will never forgot the day on which/when I first met you on the ship. _______ 结论：只有当介词+关系代词充当地点状语、时间状语或原因状语 时，才能用关系副词代替。
Complete sentences with proper relative pronouns or adverbs according to the following pictures. The 16 th Asian Olympic Games are being held in Guangzhou, which is a city famous for its food. _____
Korean singer Kim Hyun Joong and China‘s Tao Zhe sang Rising，which is theme song of the 2010 ____ Asian Games at the opening ceremony.
Yao Ming, who is an NBA all ____ star, has a message for the Chinese basketball team who ____ are preparing for the Asian Games, " Just relax and go for it. "
Zhu Qinan, _____hometown(家乡) is Wenzhou, whose is the hero of whom we are proud. ______ why The reason ____ he won the game was because of his hard work.
• 1. Go over what we have learned about attributive clause. • 2. Finish exercises in page 37