Скачать презентацию LIMITED GOVERNMENT Monarch s power was limited not absolute Скачать презентацию LIMITED GOVERNMENT Monarch s power was limited not absolute

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LIMITED GOVERNMENT Monarch’s power was limited not absolute LIMITED GOVERNMENT Monarch’s power was limited not absolute

Magna Carta • 1215 nobles forced King John to sign recognizing their rights • Magna Carta • 1215 nobles forced King John to sign recognizing their rights • Nobles believed it protected people from unjust punishment, loss of life, levying taxes with out consent • Used to gain more political liberties and build support for constitutional government

Right to Petition • 1625 King Charles I was forced to sign and it Right to Petition • 1625 King Charles I was forced to sign and it limited his power • No taxes without OK of Parliament

English Bill of Rights • 1689 Glorious Revolution made Parliament supreme • Wm and English Bill of Rights • 1689 Glorious Revolution made Parliament supreme • Wm and Mary were invited to rule with Parliament after James II fled England • Set up clear limits on the monarch • Colonists in America thought they should be covered too—cause for rebellion

Representative Government People elect delegates to make laws and conduct government Representative Government People elect delegates to make laws and conduct government

British Parliament • 2 houses – House of Lords—made up of nobles sons – British Parliament • 2 houses – House of Lords—made up of nobles sons – House of Commons—elected but usually younger sons of nobles mostly because they were the ones that could vote

John Locke • 1690 created a social contract called Two Treatises of Government • John Locke • 1690 created a social contract called Two Treatises of Government • state of nature before government–people were free equal and independent • People were born with natural rights—life, liberty, and property • People made a social contract theory to create a government to protect these rights

John Locke continued • If government failed then the people would rebel • Government John Locke continued • If government failed then the people would rebel • Government was only legit if people consented • DOI, Constitution, and ideas behind French Revolution reflected this

Colonial Government • British government ruled colonies but they had – a written constitution, Colonial Government • British government ruled colonies but they had – a written constitution, – a legislature of elected representatives, – and separation of powers between exec. , leg, . & judicial branches

 • 1620 Mayflower Compact—plan for selfgovernment • Ist Constitution in America was in • 1620 Mayflower Compact—plan for selfgovernment • Ist Constitution in America was in Massachusetts Bay Colony in CT called Fundamental Orders of CT • 1619 Virginia House of Burgesses— 1 st legislature in America (12 yrs after Jamestown)

Separation of Powers • Idea written about by Charles Montesquieu in The Spirit of Separation of Powers • Idea written about by Charles Montesquieu in The Spirit of Laws • Colonial charters divided the power of government between – legislative—passed laws, – executive—governor & – judicial—courts heard cases • Actions were then reviewed by committee of kings Privy Council

Colonial legislatures were the training ground for the Constitution Colonial legislatures were the training ground for the Constitution