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Leveraging Climate Action in Developing Countries: A six step programme Simon Maxwell Climate and Development Knowledge Network
1. What’s the problem and why is it difficult to solve? 2. How theory helps 3. Applications to CCD: a six step programme
What’s the problem and why is it difficult to solve? http: //www. climateactiontracker. org/
Climate Compatible Development ‘Climate compatible development means reducing poverty and securing human development in a way which reduces the extent of climate change, and also helps societies to adapt to inevitable change’
How theory helps - 1 “The whole life of policy is a chaos of purposes and accidents” Clay, E. J. and Schaffer, B. B. (eds. ) (1986) Room for Manoeuvre, An Explanation of Public Policy in Agriculture and Rural Development. Heinemann: London.
How theory helps - 2 1. Policy process analysis 2. Political economy analysis
Models of Policy Change • Linear Model • Policy Space / Room for manoeuvre • Policy as social experiments • Street level bureaucracy • Disjointed incrementalism • Tipping Point • Crisis model • Communities of practice / Policy networks • Mixed scanning model • Policy as argument • Interactive model (policy reform as a process) • Policy Narratives
Four Styles of Policy Entrepreneurship (a) The story-teller (c) The engineer (b) The networker (d) The fixer
Source: http: //www. gsdrc. org/docs/open/EIRS 10. pdf
Some examples: How did we do that? Incentives Leadership • MDGs Good ideas Institutions • Business and Development Selfinterest Peer pressure Finance Motivating staff The capacity to deliver Public opinion
Applications to CCD: a six step programme 1. Find the ‘win-wins’ – e. g. energy efficiency. 2. Look for co-benefits – e. g. reduced pollution, energy security, congestion. 3. Frame as risk management– e. g. threats to exports, climatic disasters. 4. Emphasise opportunities – e. g. renewables. 5. Build and use civil society – e. g. ‘reverse lobbying’. 6. Above all - lead.
www. cdkn. org