LETTER OF RECOMMMENDATION ETC Break your

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LETTER OF RECOMMMENDATION ETC LETTER OF RECOMMMENDATION ET

Break your chances of publication • Although many authors hastily compose this document, theBreak your chances of publication • Although many authors hastily compose this document, the cover letter can make or break your chances of publication : it can make the difference between being granted a peer review and being rejected outright. Follow the guidelines below to make your cover letter and manuscript stand out.

Heading and salutation • The heading includes the name and title of the Editor-in-ChiefHeading and salutation • The heading includes the name and title of the Editor-in-Chief or handling editor, the name of the journal, and the date. See a sample heading here. • The salutation is a standard greeting (e. g. , Dear Dr xxx: ) addressed to the Editor-in-Chief or handling editor. If you cannot find the name of the appropriate editor, you can write “Dear Editor: ”

Body • Body is the heart of the cover letter; this is where youBody • Body is the heart of the cover letter; this is where you will make the case for why your paper should be granted a peer review. • Begin with a concise opening statement announcing that you are submitting a manuscript entitled [“ your title ”] for consideration as a Research Article, Letter, Brief Communication, Note, or other format tailored to the journal.

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 • Next, provide a brief but compelling description or summary of the most • Next, provide a brief but compelling description or summary of the most important or interesting findings addressed by your manuscript. If you have previous publications that provide the context for your study, you can briefly mention them here with the supporting citations. This summary will help to determine whether the editor will consider your paper further. The summary should be limited to just a few sentences.

 • What are your most interesting findings?  • What are the implications • What are your most interesting findings? • What are the implications and broader significance of the findings? • What gaps in the research does your study fill?

 • After the description of your study, provide a brief statement of how • After the description of your study, provide a brief statement of how or why the work is relevant to the scope of the target journal and of interest to its readership. • “ Aims and Scope ” of the journal and on your knowledge of the journal’s content. A strong statement says more than that you “ believe ” your findings are relevant and of interest. How does your work relate to the journal’s focus and other research published in it? This section should show that you have made a well-informed choice when selecting the target journal for your manuscript.

The final paragraph of the body covers a few formalities • The manuscript hasThe final paragraph of the body covers a few formalities • The manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by any other journal. • All the authors have approved of the submission of the manuscript to this journal. • There are no conflicts of interest. • Informed consent was provided (humans), and appropriate ethical standards were followed (humans and animals)—if relevant

 • Many journals invite or require authors to list recommended peer reviewers for • Many journals invite or require authors to list recommended peer reviewers for their manuscript and to mention any individuals they would strongly prefer NOT to review the manuscript (e. g. , because of a conflict of interest). Select these individuals carefully, and keep these statements polite.

closing • The final sentence should simply express appreciation for the editor’s consideration. Forclosing • The final sentence should simply express appreciation for the editor’s consideration. For example, “Thank you for your consideration of our manuscript. I look forward to hearing from you. ” • An appropriate and common closing is “Sincerely. ” The closing is followed by your signature and typed name, institutional affiliation and address, and contact information

 • Editors want to know that you have selected their journal based on • Editors want to know that you have selected their journal based on your familiarity with its focus and content and the appropriateness of your work to its scope and readership. It is advantageous to you to help the Editor-in-Chief to understand how your paper complements other research published in the journal. Doing this does not guarantee that your manuscript will receive a peer review, but failing to do this may reduce the chances that your work will stand out and be taken seriously

 • The cover letter should be concise. Editors read many cover letters each • The cover letter should be concise. Editors read many cover letters each day and may simply skim over letters that are longer than a few short paragraphs. • Clearly emphasize why the research is important, novel, or interesting. • Avoid presenting numeric details and other highly specific results unless they are essential to your conclusion.

 • Some journals have specific requirements for cover letters. Read the journal’s “ • Some journals have specific requirements for cover letters. Read the journal’s “ Instructions for authors” carefully, and make sure that all required contents are included. • If your study builds on previous work that you have published, or directly relates to other papers published in the target journal, it is appropriate to mention that and to cite these studies in the letter.

LETTER OF RECOMMENDATION • A letter of recommendation is one in which the writerLETTER OF RECOMMENDATION • A letter of recommendation is one in which the writer assesses the qualities, characteristics, and capabilities of the person being recommended in terms of that individual’s ability to perform a particular task or function. • Recommendation letters are almost always specifically requested to be written about someone, and are therefore addressed to a particular requester. • Letters of recommendation are typically related to employment, admissions to institutions of higher education or scholarship eligibility.

Reference letter • A reference letter is a letter of recommendation from a previousReference letter • A reference letter is a letter of recommendation from a previous or current supervisor, professor, coworker, peer or personal contact who can describe the knowledge, skills or aptitudes that you possess. • Reference letters can be used when looking for work or applying to graduate school. Reference letters may be required when applying for monetary awards, such as a fellowship or grant. When presented selectively in a portfolio, reference letters provide compelling evidence to an employer or committee about your abilities. • While your referees can provide a verbal reference, letters can be used if your reference has moved away, is no longer with the organization, or is out of reach for some reason, such as on holiday, when you need to supply your references.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE OF RECOMMENDATION AND REFERENCE LETTER?  • A  letterWHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE OF RECOMMENDATION AND REFERENCE LETTER? • A » letter of recommendation » is one that is specifically requested by someone for a determined/defined employment position, academic program or award application. Generally, these letters are sent directly to the requester and not seen by the student. They can be categorized as: • Employment Related, Academic Admission, Commendation or Recognition , Performance Evaluation • A » letter of reference » is normally more general in nature and not addressed to a specific requestor. Often you will see these letters addressed as «To Whom it may Concern» or «Dear Sir/Madam». These letters are most often given directly to the student and kept for future use. Situations where they are used tend to be: • Character Assessment, Academic Related, Employment Related, General Purpose

Letter of Recommendation •  Who to ask:  Consider faculty members, administrators, Letter of Recommendation • Who to ask: Consider faculty members, administrators, internship/co-operative education supervisors, and employers. The persons you ask to write your letters should • know you well • know you long enough to write with authority • know your work • describe your work positively • have a high opinion of you • know where you are applying • know your educational and career goals • be able to favorably compare you with your peers • be well known • be able to write a good letter • Keep in mind that no one person will satisfy all of these criteria. Aim for a set of letters that cover the range of your skills. Ideally, letters should cover your academic and scholastic skills, research abilities and experiences, and applied experiences (e. g. , co-operative education, internships, related work experience).

Structure of the letter Dateline Your Name Your Title Company or School Name AddressStructure of the letter Dateline Your Name Your Title Company or School Name Address State, Zip Code Recipient ‘s name His title company address State, Zip Code Salutation If you are writing a personal letter of reference, include a salutation (Dear Mr. Johnson, Dear Dr. Jameson, etc. ). If you are writing a general letter, say «To Whom it May Concern» or don’t include a salutation. If you don’t include a salutation start your letter with the first paragraph. (AMERICAN MODIFIED STYLE)

 • Body of the Letter • First Paragraph The first paragraph of a • Body of the Letter • First Paragraph The first paragraph of a recommendation letter explains your connection to the person you are recommending, including how you know them, and why you are qualified to recommend the person for employment or school. • Second Paragraph The second paragraph of a recommendation letter contains information about the individual you are writing about, including why they are qualified, what they can contribute, and why you are recommending them. If necessary, use more than one paragraph to provide details. • Third Paragraph When writing a letter recommending a candidate for a specific job opening, the recommendation letter should include information on how the person’s skills match the position they are applying for. Ask for a copy of the job posting and a copy of the person’s resume so you can target your letter accordingly.

 • Summary This section of the recommendation later contains a brief summary of • Summary This section of the recommendation later contains a brief summary of why are you are recommending the person. State that you «strongly recommend» the person or you «recommend without reservation» or «has my highest recommendation» or something similar. • Conclusion The concluding paragraph of your recommendation letter contains an offer to provide more information. Include a phone number within the paragraph, include the phone number and email address in the return address section of your letter, or in your signature. Sincerely, Recommender Name Title

Example of a recommendation letter February 12, 2010 Lyle Mac. Pherson Manager, Sales andExample of a recommendation letter February 12, 2010 Lyle Mac. Pherson Manager, Sales and Marketing XYZ Company Inc. 890 Iswaretoyou Street City, (State / Province) (Zip / Postal Code) Mr. Bill Johnson Manager, Marketing Services ABC Company Inc. 123 Somewhere Street City, (State / Province) (Zip / Postal Code) Dear Mr. Johnson: It is a genuine pleasure and honor for me to recommend Mary Smith for the Senior Marketing position at ABC Company Inc. Mary has worked under my direct supervision at XYZ Company for the past eight years. During that time, I have witnessed her steady growth from a Junior Marketing Trainee into a Senior Marketing Coordinator, the position she has held for the past three years with XYZ Company.

 Mary is a hard-working, self-motivated employee. She intuitively understands the scope and magnitude Mary is a hard-working, self-motivated employee. She intuitively understands the scope and magnitude of projects from the beginning, and how to get them completed quickly, efficiently and effectively. During her three years as Senior Marketing Coordinator, there was not a single time that she missed a major deadline. On several occasions Mary brought projects in below budget, and I can recall at least two major projects that she completed ahead of the scheduled deadline. Ms. Smith is. She frequently comes up with new and innovative approaches to the projects that have been assigned to her. She performs well in the role of project leader, as well as a team member on projects that are under the direction of other project leaders. If your company is seeking creative, resourceful, and solution-oriented Senior Marketing Agent Mary is an excellent choice. She has consistently demonstrated an ability as an excellent leader. In closing, based on my experience working with Mary, I very strongly recommend that you consider Mary Smith for the position of Senior Marketing Agent. I am sure that you will be every bit as impressed with her as I have been. If you would like discuss Mary‟s qualifications further, please feel free to call me at (123) 456 -7890. Sincerely, Lyle Mac. Pherson Manager, Sales and Marketing XYZ Company Inc.

Reference Letter: March 20, 2005 John Smith Manager, Sales and Marketing Yeah Company AddressReference Letter: March 20, 2005 John Smith Manager, Sales and Marketing Yeah Company Address State, Zip Code To Whom it May Concern: I highly recommend Jane Doe as a candidate for employment. Jane was employed by Yeah Company as an Administrative Assistant from 2002 – 2005. Jane was responsible for office support including word processing, scheduling appointments and creating brochures, newsletters, and other office literature.

Jane has excellent communication skills. In addition, she is extremely organized, reliable and computerJane has excellent communication skills. In addition, she is extremely organized, reliable and computer literate. Jane can work independently and is able to follow through to ensure that the job gets done. She is flexible and willing to work on any project that is assigned to her. Jane was quick to volunteer to assist in other areas of company operations, as well. Jane would be a tremendous asset for your company and has my highest recommendation. If you have any further questions with regard to her background or qualifications, please do not hesitate to call me. Sincerely, John Smith Manager, Sales and Marketing

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