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İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ AÇIK VE UZAKTAN EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ İNGİLİZCE YABANCI DİL-1 İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ AÇIK VE UZAKTAN EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ İNGİLİZCE YABANCI DİL-1

2. COUNTRIES / NATIONALITIES / NUMBERS 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities 2. 2. Numbers 2. COUNTRIES / NATIONALITIES / NUMBERS 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers 1

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities A: Where are you from? I am from Turkey. 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities A: Where are you from? I am from Turkey. What nationality are you? I am Turkish. C: B: - Where is Madonna from? - Are you from England? - She is from the United States of America. - No, I'm not. She is American. I'm from Australia. I'm Australian. 2

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Countries Nationalities Austrian Greece Greek Australian The Netherlands Dutch 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Countries Nationalities Austrian Greece Greek Australian The Netherlands Dutch Azerbaijani Iranian Belgium Belgian Iraqi Bulgarian Italy Italian Canada Canadian Japanese Czech Republic Czech Russian China Chinese Poland Polish Cyprus Cypriot Spain Spanish Denmark Danish Switzerland Swiss Egyptian England English United States of America Finland Finnish (the USA) France French Germany German Turkey Turkish American 3

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities A. Some nationality names are produced by using “-ian” 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities A. Some nationality names are produced by using “-ian” or “-n” suffix. Countries Nationalities Albanian American Armenian Austrian Australian Belgium Belgian Bulgarian Hungary Hungarian Iranian Italy Italian Canada Canadian Russian Egyptian 4

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities B. Some nationality names are produced by C. Many 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities B. Some nationality names are produced by C. Many other nationality names are produced by using “-ish” suffix. using “-ese” suffix. Countries Nationalities Japanese Poland Polish China Chinese Spain Spanish Lebanon Lebanese Denmark Danish Malta Maltese Turkey Turkish Nepalese England English San Marino Sanmarinese Finland Finnish Taiwanese Vietnamese 5

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities D. A number of nationality names are produced by 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities D. A number of nationality names are produced by using “-i” suffix. E. Sometimes the nationality name is embedded in the country name. Countries Nationalities Azerbaijani Afghanistan Afghan Iraqi Czech Republic Czech Iraqi Germany German Israeli Somalia Somali Omani Turkmenistan Turkmen Qatari Yugoslavia Yugoslav United Arab Emirati Emirates 6

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities F. Very few nationality names are produced G. For 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities F. Very few nationality names are produced G. For several nationality names, there is no direct connection. by using “-er” suffix. Countries Nationalities Hollander Liechtensteiner Luxemburger Solomon Islands Solomon Islander Countries Nationalities Cyprus Cypriot France French Greece Greek The Netherlands Dutch Switzerland Swiss 7

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Questions 1. Where is Tarkan from? 2. Where do 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Questions 1. Where is Tarkan from? 2. Where do the visitors come from? 3. What is Nazarbayev’s nationality? 4. What is her origin? Answers 1. Tarkan is from Turkey. 2. They are all German. They come from Germany. 3. Nursultan Nazarbayev is the president of Kazakhstan. He is a real Kazak. 4. Her name is Shakira, and she is Colombian. 8

2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Below you can see a few examples on countries 2. 1. Countries and Nationalities Below you can see a few examples on countries and Nationalities. 1. Omar is Yemeni. He is from Yemen. 2. Filiz lives in Bosnia and Herzegovina. She is Bosnian. 3. Nursultan Nazarbayev is the president of Kazakhstan. He is a real Kazak. 4. These tourists are from Madagascar. All tourists are Malagasy. 5. My name is Paolo and this is Federico. We are from Italy. We are Italian. 6. She is Tomoko and he is Akira. They are Japanese. They are from Japan. 7. “You are Indian, right? ” “No, I am from Mexico. ” 9

2. 2. Numbers 1 One 11 eleven 21 twenty one 40 forty 2 Two 2. 2. Numbers 1 One 11 eleven 21 twenty one 40 forty 2 Two 12 twelve 22 twenty two 50 fifty 3 Three 13 thirteen 23 twenty three 60 sixty 4 Four 14 fourteen 24 twenty four 70 seventy 5 Five 15 fifteen 25 twenty five 80 eighty 6 Six 16 sixteen 26 twenty six 90 ninety 7 Seven 17 seventeen 27 twenty seven 100 a/ one hundred 8 Eight 18 eighteen 28 twenty eight 200 two hundred 9 Nine 19 nineteen 29 twenty nine 210 two hundred and ten 20 twenty 30 thirty 1000 one thousand 10 Ten 10 000 ten thousand 10

2. 2. Numbers 11 2. 2. Numbers 11

2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT Price: It costs eight seventy-five. (8 dollars 75 2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT Price: It costs eight seventy-five. (8 dollars 75 cents) $8. 75 Time: We left at two twenty-five. (=25 minutes after 2 o’clock / 2: 25) Age: She is forty-six (=She is 46 years old. ) He is in his sixties. (=between 60 and 69 years old. ) 12

2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT Size: This shirt is a thirty-eight (=size 38) 2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT Size: This shirt is a thirty-eight (=size 38) Temperature : The temperature fell to minus fourteen (= -14°) The score in a game: He won the first set six-three (= by six games to three 6 -3) Sth marked with the stated number: She played two nines and an eight 13

2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT A set or group of the stated number: 2. 2. Numbers WHAT NUMBERS REPRESENT A set or group of the stated number: The teacher divided us into fours (=groups of 4) Weights: Our Christmas turkey weighed 16 pounds. These books weigh a ton! Measures: 100. 000 centimeter = 1 kilometre (A metre is a measure of lenght. ) 14

2. 2. Numbers NUMBERS can be used as: Determiner a. 5 (Five) people were 2. 2. Numbers NUMBERS can be used as: Determiner a. 5 (Five) people were hurt in the accident. b. The 3 (three) largest companies in the US are announced. c. Several hundred cars Pronoun: a. Do exercise five on page nine. b. We invited a lot of people but only 12 (twelve) came. Noun: a. Six can be divided by two and three. b. Three fives make fifteen. 15

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers What is your phone number ? My phone number 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers What is your phone number ? My phone number is / It is ……………. -What is your phone number? -It is 0212 - 251 42 69. -It is oh-two-one-two, two-five-one-four-two-six-nine. Dial phone Cell phone Mobile phone Rotary phone Pay phone Land-home phone Stationary telephone Work phone Office phone 16

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers My home number is 0216 -132 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers My home number is 0216 -132 45 78 Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Digit Extension (number ) Office phone ( 0216 ) is the area code and (132 45 78) is the phone number. -What is your cell number? -It is 0532 - 924 56 71. (It is oh-five-three-two, nine-two-four-five-six-seven-one. ) 17

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -We usually say the numbers in 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -We usually say the numbers in single digits (one by one) -What is your mobile phone? Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Digit Extension (number ) Office phone It is 0545 -678 92 34 (It is oh-five-four-five, six-seven-eight-nine-two-three-four) -What is your cell number? -It is 0435 - 356 78 91. (It is oh-four-three-five, three-five-six-seven-eight-nine-one. ) 18

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers - When 0 is in a 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers - When 0 is in a phone number, it is pronounced ‘oh’ -What is your cell phone number? Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Digit Extension (number ) Office phone It is 0535 -208 05 40 (It is oh-five-three-five-two-oh-eight-oh-five-four-oh) More Examples; 0362 - 278 14 39. (It is oh-three-six-two, seven-eight-one-four-three-nine. ) 1 -808 -444 25 32 (It is one, eight, oh, eight, four-four-two-five-three-two 19

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -If a phone number contains two 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -If a phone number contains two of the same numbers together, we usually say ”double” ( and number). 212 -43 55 two-one-two, four-three-double five. 216 -82 99 Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Digit Extension (number ) Office phone two-one-six, eight-two-double nine. -If a phone number contains three of the same numbers together, we usually say ”triple” (number). 212 -86 66 two-one-two, eight triple six. 216 -79 99 two-one-six, seven triple nine. 20

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -People sometimes say the last four 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers -People sometimes say the last four digits of phone numbers as two normal two-digit numbers: 716 87 93 seven-one-six, eighty-seven ninety-three -People sometimes say the code by using ‘hundred’: 1 -800 -522 34 66 one, eight hundred, five-double two- three-four- double six 21

2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Extension 2. 2. Numbers *phone numbers Saying Phone Numbers Vocabulary Phone Number Area Code Extension numbers are part of many office phone numbers. Digit Extension (number ) Abbreviations for it are Ex, Ext, or X. Office phone 212 -426 57 81, Ext 14015 two-one-two, four-two-six-five-seven-eight-one and extension number is one-four-oh-one-five -We don't normally say: What's your telephone number? (Although it is grammatically correct) But we say: What’s your phone number? 22

2. 2. Numbers How old are you? How much do you weigh? What is 2. 2. Numbers How old are you? How much do you weigh? What is your phone number ? 37 I am ……………years old. 79 I weigh ……………kilos. My phone number is 0532 123 45 66 It is ……………. 23

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