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ISO and its Carbon Footprint standardization work WTO CTE Information Session on “Carbon Footprint ISO and its Carbon Footprint standardization work WTO CTE Information Session on “Carbon Footprint and Labelling Schemes” Rob Steele, ISO Secretary-General Klaus Radunsky, ISO Working Group Convener for ISO 14067 WTO, Geneva, 2010 -02 -17

The ISO System as at Dec 2009 162 national members 98% of world GDP The ISO System as at Dec 2009 162 national members 98% of world GDP 97% of world population Collection of 17 765 ISO Standards 192 active TCs 3 183 technical bodies 50 000 experts ISOCS ID 15455229 1230 standards produced in 2008 • IT tools • Standards development procedures • Consensus building • Dissemination Central Secretariat in Geneva 153 FTE staff 2

International Standards and “Private Standards” § Trade, public policies and international standards § Formal International Standards and “Private Standards” § Trade, public policies and international standards § Formal international standardization § Private standards in the ICT sector, in agri-food and on social/environmental issues § Claims, labels, certification, schemes and compliance ISOCS ID 15455229 3

ISO work responding to climate change (1) Greenhouse Gas Work (TC 207/SC 7) § ISO work responding to climate change (1) Greenhouse Gas Work (TC 207/SC 7) § GHG quantification and reporting § Competence of GHG validation/verification teams § Requirements for GHG bodies for use in accreditation § Carbon footprint of products and organizations Energy efficiency and performance § Concepts and terminology § Building performance and efficiency § Equipment standards (heat pumps) § ISO 50001 energy performance Renewable energy sources § Solar: H/C technologies, terminology, performance ratings, test methods § Wind: Gears, turbines, IEC joint work § Biofuel specs: gas, solid and liquid ISOCS ID 15455229 4

ISO work responding to climate change (2) Measuring impacts of climate change § UN-ISO ISO work responding to climate change (2) Measuring impacts of climate change § UN-ISO cooperation on Global Terrestrial Observing System: river discharge, snow/land cover, biomass Transportation § Electric vehicles, batteries, vehicle-togrid technologies § Intelligent transport systems Sustainability perspectives § ISO 26000 on Social Responsibility § Bioenergy sustainability criteria § Sustainability in building construction § Sustainable event management 250) § ISO workshop on sustainable business districts § Sustainable tourism ISOCS ID 15455229 5

Development of ISO 14067 on Carbon footprint of products (Part 1 Quantification and Part Development of ISO 14067 on Carbon footprint of products (Part 1 Quantification and Part 2 Communication) Presented by: Klaus Radunsky ISO Working Group Convener Information Session on PCF & Labelling Schemes WTO, Geneva, 17 Feb 2010 ISOCS ID 15455229 6

Overview § § § § § Development of ISO 14067 - milestones ISO TC Overview § § § § § Development of ISO 14067 - milestones ISO TC 207/SC 7/WG 2 ISO 14067 -1, contents ISO 14067 -2, contents Comparison of objectives Role of CFP Harmonization Challenges Next steps Vision and realities ISOCS ID 15455229 7

Milestones § § § Apr 2008: 1 st meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 Milestones § § § Apr 2008: 1 st meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Vienna) Jun 2008: 2 nd meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Bogota) Nov 2008: NWIP on CFP agreed Dec 2008: WD of ISO 14067 Jan 2009: 3 rd meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Kota Kinabalu) Apr 2009: WD 1 of ISO 14067 Jun 2009: 4 th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Cairo) Sept 2009: WD 2 ISO 14067 Oct 2009: 5 th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Vienna) Dec 2009: WD 3 ISO 14067 Feb 2010: 6 th meeting of ISO/TC 207 WG 2 (Tokyo) Mar 2010: CD of ISO 14067 ISOCS ID 15455229 8

ISO/TC 207/SC 7 WG 2 § Convenors: Klaus Radunsky (Austria); Daegun Oh (Korea) § ISO/TC 207/SC 7 WG 2 § Convenors: Klaus Radunsky (Austria); Daegun Oh (Korea) § Secretary: Katherina Wührl (DIN, DE) § 107 Experts from ~ 30 countries (including DC such as China, Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Brazil) § Capacity building program by Sweden (SIS-Sida project): MENA region (Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan) § Liasions – Within TC 207, with other TCs – With other organisations (ANEC, IAI, EC, IEC, GEN, WRI/WBCSD) ISOCS ID 15455229 9

ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products - Part 1: Quantification Contents § § § ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products - Part 1: Quantification Contents § § § § § INTRODUCTION SCOPE NORMATIVE REFERENCES TERMS AND DEFINITIONS PRINCIPLES METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK – GENERAL – GOAL AND SCOPE DEFINITION OF THE QUANTIFICATION OF CFP – GOAL OF CFP STUDY – SCOPE OF CFP STUDY (FUNCTIONAL UNIT, BOUNDARIES, OFFSETTING, DATA & DATA QUALITY, USE STAGE & USE PROFILE) – INVENTORY ANALYSIS OF CFP – GENERAL – TIME PERIOD FOR ASSESSMENT OF GHG EMISSIONS – TREATMENT OF SPECIFIC GHG EMISSION SOURCES AND SINKS (ELECTRICITY SUPPLY, LAND USE CHANGE) – ALLOCATION TO CO-PRODUCTS – IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF CFP INTERPRETATION OF CFP REPORTING ANNEXES (informative): A (GWP), D (Limitations), E (LUC) ISOCS ID 15455229 10

ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products - Part 2: Communication Contents § § § ISO 14067 Carbon footprint of products - Part 2: Communication Contents § § § § § INTRODUCTION SCOPE NORMATIVE REFERENCES TERMS AND DEFINITIONS OBJECTIVE PRINCIPLES USE OF PRODUCT CATEGORY RULES GUIDANCE ON COMMUNICATION REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES FOR COMMUNICATION OF CFP – General (Declarations, Requirements for Declarations Directed to End Consumers, Confidentiality, Units of measurement, Age of data) – Declaring Overall Emissions – Declaring emissions for specific stages of the life cycle – Declarations making Comparisons § VERIFICATION § Annex (normative): The content of the CF-PCR document ISOCS ID 15455229 11

Comparison of objectives/expectations (1) PAS 2050 Ø internal assessment of life cycle GHG emissions Comparison of objectives/expectations (1) PAS 2050 Ø internal assessment of life cycle GHG emissions of products; Ø Facilitates evaluation of alternative product configurations; Ø Benchmark for programmes aimed at reducing GHG emissions; Ø Allows for comparison of goods and services; Ø Supports reporting on corporate responsibility; Ø Provides a common basis for reporting and communicating life cycle GHG emissions; Ø Provides an opportunity for greater consumer understanding of life cycle GHG emissions WRI/WBCSD Ø Guidance for companies and other organizations to prepare an inventory of emissions associated with a product; Ø Primary purpose to support public reporting of product life cycle GHG emissions to help users reduce these emissions; Ø Public reporting refers to providing emissions-related information for a product, in accordance with the reporting requirements specified under the standard; Ø Standard Ø does not directly enable comparative assertions or product labeling; Ø Is not intended to support the accounting of GHG emission offsets or ISOCS ID 15455229 12 claims of carbon neutrality;

Comparison of objectives/expectations (2) ISO Ø Benefits organizations, governments, project proponents and stakeholders by Comparison of objectives/expectations (2) ISO Ø Benefits organizations, governments, project proponents and stakeholders by providing clarity and consistency for quantifying, monitoring, reporting and verifying the carbon footprint of products; Ø Part 1 specifies principles and requirements for studies to quantify Carbon Footprint of Products (CFP), based on the method of life cycle assessment (LCA); Ø Part 2 specifies Ø requirements for the development of information to communicate the carbon footprint of products, calculated according to Part 1 of ISO 14067; Ø Guidelines how to use such information on the CFP; ISOCS ID 15455229 13

Harmonization § Harmonization: common goal for PAS 2050, WRI/WBCSD & ISO § Focus on Harmonization § Harmonization: common goal for PAS 2050, WRI/WBCSD & ISO § Focus on requirements § Also relevant: principles; terms & definitions; verification § Means of harmonization § Limits of harmonization § Added value of more than one approach ISOCS ID 15455229 14

Role of CFP § Refers to the calculation of the amount of GHG emissions Role of CFP § Refers to the calculation of the amount of GHG emissions associated with a company, event, activity, or the lifecycle of a good/service, § Enables to ascertain and manage GHG emissions along the supply chain § Safeguards the survival of companies in the changing regulatory and economic business landscape § Furthers the understanding of the risks and opportunities in the supply chain § Allows to focus effort in response to new regulatory, shareholder and consumer pressures ISOCS ID 15455229 15

Challenges - CFP § Basic challenge: – right balance between practicality – environmental integrity/credibility Challenges - CFP § Basic challenge: – right balance between practicality – environmental integrity/credibility – Role of PCRs – Timing § Harmonization WRI/WBCSD – PAS 2050 – ISO 14067 – Common basis: Life Cycle Assessment (ISO 14040) – ISO: also ISO 14020 (labelling) and ISO 14064 (verification) ISOCS ID 15455229 16

Next steps Next meeting: 6 th meeting WG 2: León (Mexico) July 2010 Current Next steps Next meeting: 6 th meeting WG 2: León (Mexico) July 2010 Current planning: § CD registration § DIS registration § FDIS registration § IS publication March 2010 Sept 2011 March 2012 Faster track option: § DIS registration § FDIS registration § IS publication March 2010 June 2011 Oct 2011 ISOCS ID 15455229 17

Vision and realities § Transition to a zero/low-carbon society implies that the CFP of Vision and realities § Transition to a zero/low-carbon society implies that the CFP of all products and services have to be managed § Economic crises offers a unique opportunity to restructure the supply chains of products § Bottom-up efforts along supply chains complement top-down efforts at national and international level § Reducing the risks of climate change may require negative global GHG emissions after 2050 ISOCS ID 15455229 18

THANK YOU ! ISOCS ID 15455229 www. iso. org 19 THANK YOU ! ISOCS ID 15455229 www. iso. org 19