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Introduction to the Book of Daniel 20 June 2010 1 Introduction to the Book of Daniel 20 June 2010 1

Daniel Hebrew Name: Babylonian Name: Location: Family: Daniye’l or Dani’el, which means “God is Daniel Hebrew Name: Babylonian Name: Location: Family: Daniye’l or Dani’el, which means “God is my judge” Belteshazzar, which means “Bel protect his life” First 13 -23 years in Jerusalem Rest of his life in Babylon & Persia • Either a descendent of the king of Judah or a noble of Judah • No known wife or children 2

Daniel’s Ministry ~628 - 605 B. C. 605 - 539 B. C. 539 ~ Daniel’s Ministry ~628 - 605 B. C. 605 - 539 B. C. 539 ~ 536 B. C. Kings of Judah Kings of Babylon King(s) of Persia-Media 3

Book of Daniel Outline History of Hebrew Daniel 1 Prophetic Aramaic 2 Plan for Book of Daniel Outline History of Hebrew Daniel 1 Prophetic Aramaic 2 Plan for 3 the 4 Gentiles God helps Daniel and his friends eat vegetables and avoid compromising their faith God reveals 5 major kingdoms of prophecy God saves Daniel’s friends from fiery furnace God humbles Nebuchadnezzar & saves his soul 5 6 God saves blameless Daniel from hungry lions 7 Prophetic Hebrew Plan of Israel God uses a hand writing on a wall to decree doom God reveals more about the 5 major kingdoms 8 God reveals more about the kingdom of Greece 9 Daniel prays & God reveals the 70 week prophecy 10 Daniel sees Jesus and receives comfort 11 God reveals more about the kings of Greece 12 God reveals more about the time of the end 4

Theme & Purpose Ø Emphasize the sovereignty and power of God over human affairs Theme & Purpose Ø Emphasize the sovereignty and power of God over human affairs (especially during dark days) Ø Encouragement, comfort and hope for Jewish exiles (and all saints) Ø Explanation of the time of the gentiles (586 – until Christ’s 2 nd coming) 5

Key verses Daniel answered and said: Key verses Daniel answered and said: "Blessed be the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and might are His. And He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and raises up kings; He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding. He reveals deep and secret things; He knows what is in the darkness, and light dwells with Him. And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. ” – Daniel 2: 20 -22, 44 NKJV 6

Jeremiah’s Prophecy For thus says the LORD: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, Jeremiah’s Prophecy For thus says the LORD: After seventy years are completed at Babylon, I will visit you and perform My good word toward you, and cause you to return to this place. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, says the LORD, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope. – Jer 29: 10, 11 NKJV, 597 B. C. 7

Daniel’s Response In the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the Daniel’s Response In the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the LORD through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes. – Daniel 9: 2, 3 NKJV, 539 B. C. 8

Israel, Assyria and Babylonia 9 Israel, Assyria and Babylonia 9

World Superpowers Ø Assyrians – 750 -612 B. C. Ø Babylonians – 612 -539 World Superpowers Ø Assyrians – 750 -612 B. C. Ø Babylonians – 612 -539 B. C. Ø Persians/Medes – 539 -333 B. C. Ø Greeks – 333 -27 B. C Ø Romans – 27 B. C. – Christ’s return 10

5 Kingdoms http: //www. sign 2 god. com/folders/beeld-daniel. jpg 11 5 Kingdoms http: //www. sign 2 god. com/folders/beeld-daniel. jpg 11

Deportations Ø 721 Assyrians took Israelis to Assyria (2 Ki. 18: 11) Ø 713 Deportations Ø 721 Assyrians took Israelis to Assyria (2 Ki. 18: 11) Ø 713 Assyrians took Jews to Assyria (2 Ki. 18: 13) Ø 605 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Dan. 1: 1 -6) Ø 598 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52: 28) Ø 597 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (2 Ki. 24: 14) Ø 588 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52: 29) Ø 586 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (2 Ki. 25: 11) Ø 582 Babylonians took Jews to Babylon (Jer. 52: 30) 12

Babylonian Empire http: //www. keyway. ca/gif/babylon. gif 13 Babylonian Empire http: //www. keyway. ca/gif/babylon. gif 13

Persian-Media Empire http: //www. crystalinks. com/persia. html 14 Persian-Media Empire http: //www. crystalinks. com/persia. html 14

Greek Empire http: //www. teachinghearts. org/dr 0 imapgreece 4. gif 15 Greek Empire http: //www. teachinghearts. org/dr 0 imapgreece 4. gif 15

Roman Empire http: //ycdl 4. yukoncollege. yk. ca/~agraham//nost 202/module 3/cphistory/graphics/roman_empire. jpg 16 Roman Empire http: //ycdl 4. yukoncollege. yk. ca/~agraham//nost 202/module 3/cphistory/graphics/roman_empire. jpg 16

Revived Roman Empire? Union for the Mediterranean (July 13, 2008 - present) http: //en. Revived Roman Empire? Union for the Mediterranean (July 13, 2008 - present) http: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/File: Union_for_the_Med. png 17

Application 1. Follow Daniel’s example of not compromising 2. Trust God like Daniel and Application 1. Follow Daniel’s example of not compromising 2. Trust God like Daniel and his friends 3. Understand God’s plan for the last days 4. Study and pray like Daniel 18

Bibliography Special thanks goes to the following: § Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for Bibliography Special thanks goes to the following: § Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for their information in Talk Thru the Bible § Walt Henrichsen for his wisdom and insight shared during Bible studies he has led and in books, articles and e-mails he has written § Edward Reese for his chronology and dating in The Reese Chronological Bible 19