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Introduction on initiative of disaster management information system(DMIS) in Viet. Nam EM-DAT TAG Meeting New York, October 26, 27 and 28 2009 Dang Quang Minh Acting Director Disaster Management Center (DMC) Department of Dike Management, Flood and Storm Control (DDMFC)
VIỆT NAM Việt Nam is located at the Southeast of Asia, with 333. 000 km 2 of the Natural Area and coastline. Population: 86 million (2009’s statistics) 3200 km of
Natural Hazards in Vietnam Relative Frequency High Medium Flood Hail rain Typhoon Drought Inundation Landslide Fire Deforestation Low Earthquake Accident (technology) Frost Disaster loss: 450 people dead /year Economy loss: 1 -1. 5 GDP/year
The Institutional Framework for DRM Government National Committee for Search and Rescue Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control Provincial Committee for Flood and Storm Control Search and Rescue center District Committee for Flood and Storm Control Commune Committee for Flood and Storm Control Ministries Committee for Flood and Storm Control
Current Disaster Database in Viet. Nam § CCFSC website (http: //www. ccfsc. org. vn): sharing information about disaster among the government, international organizations and community. All of historical disaster data from 1989 to 2009 was posted on this website § DANA Solfware(2006): supported DDMFSC (SO of CCFSC) to manage disaster data. However, due to some limitations in terms of technical issues such as: not suppoting multi-users, not sharing information throught website, DANA hasn’t brought into play its efficiency and need to be upgraded.
Current Disaster Database in Viet. Nam Methodology for Collection Disaster event Central level Province level Disaster event WARD level (staff) District level Commune level
Current initiate DANA 2 v Duration: Oct/2009 – January/2010 v Funding Source: UNDP v Objective: upgrade damage and need assessment through the improvement of tools and reporting methodology v Deploy: 3 pilot provinces. Cao Bang, Binh Thuan, Can Tho v Data collection is based on: § Information about disaster impacts § Information about local resources such as human, capacity, equipments, vehicle, food and reserve of clean water. . . § emergency relief needs
Overall architecture for the DANA 2 application system
Design on Future system
Disaster Managerment Information System Key components: Database ü Disaster database ü Geographic Information Systems/Remote sensing ü Utilize the mobile communication technologies for real-time data transmission ü Early warning system
Disaster Management Information System Methodology: Database Early warning data and SMS data sent through the mobile phone will be collected into a disaster database, all of data can be display visualisation on the map.
Disaster Management Information System Component 1: Disaster database v Pre-disaster: baseline data about the country and risks v Post-disaster: real-time data about the impact of a disaster and the resources available to combat it
Disaster Management Information System Component 2: GIS/Remote sensing Based on base map layers (the administrative border, hydrography, Logistics and Transportation Routes), develop some map layers relate to natural disasters such as dyke structure profile, places effected by disaster in the past, hazard map. Map will also integrate with Google Earth and can be show online.
Disaster Management Information System GIS database Administrator boundary Facilities Base Maps Transportation Elevation Rainfall Realtime Disaster Maps Flood Landslide Dyke Hydrography Hazard
Disaster Management Information System Component 3: Utilizing telecommunication systems to transmit real time data An SMS application will be developed to support for this component. When disasters occur, the internet can’t be used. SMS is a perfectly suitable technology because mobile phone is a device that is brought most of the time of each individual. Component 4: Early warning system Based on the disaster data collect from equipment or anywhere, DMIS will support decision making to deal with natural disasters.
Disaster Management Information System Development strategy Database v v v GIS/RS Pilot provinces All provinces Pilot district All pilot district Pilot communes All communes telecommunication Early warning system
Disaster Management Information System Organization chart
Exchange information, step by step integrate into global network Disaster impact Early warning information, humanity aid
Challenges v Lack of technical staffs in Central level and province level v System security, web attacks by hackers v Accuracy and reliability data, especialy is input Data (disaster damage data from the local level)
Roadmap to develop DMIS in Viet. Nam DMIS Concept DMIS meeting ideas Pilot DMIS note -------------------------------------------DANA training ----------- DMIS architecture -----------Integrate into global network ----------- Pilot GIS ----------- New CCFSC website National DANA guideline -----------training ---------------------DANA software Early warning -----------system National GIS -----------database -----------Tele communication system -----------
Thank you for your attention!