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Intro to Judaism EQ: What are some key beliefs found in Judaism?
The Hebrews § A nomadic Middle Eastern group arising during ancient times § Influenced by Babylonian society § Migrated from Mesopotamia (fertile crescent) to settle in SE corner of the Mediterranean c. 1600 BCE § Some migrated to Egypt
Timeline § 1400 -1200 BCE: Hebrews from the Arabian Desert settle in Palestine (Canaan), today’s Israel – their homeland § 930 BCE: internal revolts lead to division of Palestine; N = Israel, S = Judah § 722 BCE: Assyrians defeat Israel § 586 BCE: Babylonian armies overrun Kingdom of Judah, inhabitants exiled to Babylon, the term “Jew” arises
Timeline Continued § 539 BCE: Persians capture Babylon & let Jewish exiles return to homeland ----§ 70 CE: the Romans suppress a Hebrew revolt & the Jews are expulsed (kicked out) § 1948 CE: the modern state of Israel is declared
Key People § Abraham: made covenant w/ God § Moses: leads his people from servitude in Egypt to Palestine c. 13 th Century BCE § Saul: the 1 st Hebrew King § David: succeeds Saul, “the Lord is my Shepard, ” (defeats Goliath) § Solomon: David’s son, builds temple in Jerusalem
Religious Tenets § § § God’s “chosen people” Denounce evil & oppression Demand justice for the poor & weak Follow God’s laws, found in the Torah The Torah = the 1 st 3 books of the Hebrew Bible; the 1 st 5 books of the Old Testament; sacred text § The law of Moses = “love thy neighbor as thyself” § The Ten Commandments
What are these photos of?
Contributions § Development of monotheism § Old Testament: where Hebrews recorded their history, moral principles, and religious beliefs § This is the 1 st part of the Christian Bible § Set moral standards/ethics for people and relationships § Influence Christianity & Islam
Diaspora § Jews are forced to leave their homeland § Diaspora = the scattering of Jews to places outside of Palestine § The Diaspora sent Jews to different places all over the world
Jewish Identity § Even after the Diaspora, the Jews maintain their identity. § Live in close-knit communities § Obey their religious laws & traditions § Traditions are what set them apart, but also what allows them to survive persecution
TIMELINE § Create a timeline of Hebrew history § Check your notes for important dates § Use your text if you feel the need to
CHART IT § Judaism, Christianity, Islam § 1. Founder, 2. Key beliefs, 3. Traditions, 4. When, 5. Where (& where today? ), 6. Sacred Text, 7. Contributions/Influence
In-Class Assignment § Construct a map of the Hebrew timeline. **Only BCE dates. Use your text! § Show me where the Hebrews have been over the course of their early history; cities, regions, physical geography, migratory patterns – must have: Palestine (today’s Israel), Babylon, Persia § Might not hurt to do a rough draft…
Exit Ticket: § What did you find out about Judaism? § 1. Today I learned…. § 2. I would like to learn more about…