- Количество слайдов: 31
Intertanko North European Panel Meeting 31 st March 2009
Our Purpose & Organisation Engage in activities of mutual concern relating to transportation by tanker and marine terminalling of crude oil, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, their derivatives and related organic compounds, with special reference to the protection of the marine environment and the promotion of safety in marine operations. • 72 members in voluntary association • Executive Committee directs standing committees and a full-time secretariat supporting the work of the Marine Forum
Our Members • • • • • Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company (ADMA OPCO) Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) Addax Oryx Group Administracion Nacional de Combustibles Alcohol y Portland (ANCAP) Bakri International Energy Company Ltd BG LNG Services LLC BHP Billiton Ltd BP Shipping Cargill Ocean Transportation Centrica PLC Chevron Shipping Company LLC Compania Espanola de Petroleos SA (CEPSA) Conoco. Phillips Shipping LLC Emirates National Oil Company En. Cana Corporation Enel Trade FTL • • • • • Engen Petroleum Ltd Eni Sp. A Erg Med Sp. A Essar Oil Ltd Excelerate Energy Greater Nile Petroleum Ltd. Hess Corporation Husky Energy Indian Oil Corporation Ineos Manufacturing Scotland Ltd International Marine Transportation Ltd Koch Supply & Trading LP Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) LUKOIL Oil Company Lyondell-Basell Maersk Oil Marathon Petroleum Co LLC Marquard & Bahls AG Motor Oil (Hellas) Corinth Refineries SA Murco Petroleum Ltd
Our Members • • • • • National Iranian Tanker Company Neste Oil Corporation Nexen Inc Nigeria LNG Occidental Petroleum LLC. OMV Refining & Marketing Gmb. H PDV Marina SA Petro-Canada Petroleo Brasileiro SA (PETROBRAS) Petroleos de Portugal PETROGAL SA Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) Petroleum Industry Marine Association of Japan (PIMA) Petronas Sungai Udang Port Sdn Bhd Petron Corporation Preem Petroleum AB Primorsk Oil Terminal Qatar General Petroleum Corporation • • • • Reliance Industries Ltd Repsol YPF Trading Y Transporte SA SARAS Sp. A Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) Sempra LNG Shell International Trading and Shipping Company Ltd Sonangol USA Sonatrach Sp. A Statoil. Hydro ASA Sunoco Logistics Partners LP Talisman Energy UK Ltd Tasweeq Tesoro Maritime Company Total SA Valero Marketing & Supply Co Vermillion Energy Resources
OCIMF Committee Structure Executive Committee (Ex. Com) Legal Committee General Purposes Committee (GPC) Ports and Terminals Committee (PTC) IMO Observer Delegation Marine Technical Sub-Committee SIRE Focus Group (MTSC) Navigation and Routing Sub-Committee (Na. RSu. C) ICE Sub-Committee (ICE) Task Forces Western Terminal Forum (WTF) Offshore Terminal Forum (OTF) European/Eastern Terminal Forum (EETF) Asia/Pacific Terminal Forum Task Forces (APTF)
OCIMF Secretariat Phil Davies Director Jane Fairweather Executive Administrator Oliver Pointon SIRE Compliance Manager David Savage SIRE Training & Development Manager Pauline Gilbert Accounts Administrator Geoff Snow OCIMF Programme Manager Mike Sitts Deputy Director, Chief Representative to IMO Philip Pascoe General Counsel Bill Crabbs Senior Technical Adviser Lauren Mc. Gee Advisers’ & Conference Facilities Administrator Rebecca Harrison SIRE Inspector Accreditation Administrator Aziz Benbelkacem OCIMF & IT Systems Administrator Cliff Proctor Technical Adviser (Engineering) Ian Soady Technical Adviser (Offshore) Shaikh Rahim Technical Adviser (Nautical)
Our Objectives Standards To identify safety and environmental issues facing the oil tanker and terminal industries, and develop and publish recommended standards that will serve as technical benchmarks. Regulatory To contribute to the development of international conventions and regulations that enhance the safe construction and operation of oil tankers and terminals, working with the IMO and other regulatory bodies, both regional and national. Enforcement To encourage flag States, port States and classification societies in their enforcement of international conventions and regulations. Promulgation To facilitate access by charterers and authorities to data on tankers relating to safety and pollution prevention, through the Ship Inspection Report (SIRE) Programme and the Tanker Management Self Assessment Programme (TMSA). Consultation To promote ratification and implementation of international compensation conventions. Promotion To actively promote OCIMF’s role in the development of safety and environmental guidelines and recommendations, harnessing the skills and experience of OCIMF members and holding industry events addressing the issues.
SIRE Status • 46 report submitting companies • >17, 000 reports less the 12 months old on 6, 550 tankers • ~1, 300 new inspection reports per month • ~2. 6 inspections/vessel/year • ~5000 reports requested per month • Electronic 24/7 access via Web. SERM 2 • Expansion of SIRE to barges and small ships
OCIMF – TMSA 2
TMSA Geographical Distribution of subscribers
Piracy - Maersk Regensburg
Piracy - Advocacy • High Level Contact through; – – IMO EU NATO US Government • MARAD • DOD • USCG • Assigned Personnel to EUNAVFOR
Piracy - Industry • Facilitated Joint Naval Forces Somalia Piracy Workshop – December 18 th • Follow-up Workshop planned for March 17 th 2009.
Piracy – Best Practices • Developed Piracy Guide with Intertanko, SIGTTO & Intercargo • Need to ensure ALL vessels have access to Best Practices.
MARPOL Annex VI & Climate Change • OCIMF supports the approach chosen by the IMO MEPC 57 when amending the MARPOL Convention, Annex VI, on the prevention of air pollution from ships. • OCIMF welcomes the IMO commitment to adopt, by 2009, an international binding framework aimed at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shipping operations.
IMO – Greenhouse Gas Reduction OCIMF participates in IMO's Working Groups on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Ships and we support IMO’s assessment that this regulatory framework should be: – – – – – effective in contributing to the reduction of total global GHG emissions; binding and equally applicable to all flag states; based on a goal-based approach and not prescribe specific methods; based on sustainable environmental development without penalizing global trade and growth; able to limit - or at least - effectively minimize competitive distortion; cost-effective; supportive of promoting and facilitating technical innovation and R&D in the entire shipping sector; accommodating to leading technologies in the field of energy efficiency; practical, transparent, fraud free and easy to administer.
Current Progress @ IMO • IMO OSLO Intercessional Meeting made progress in regard to: – – – • MEPC 58 (October 08); GHG central to the agenda: – – – • Design Index; This index will establish the minimum fuel-efficiency requirements at the design stage of ships. Operational Index; This index was adopted in July 2005 and has been used by a number of flag States and industry organisations to evaluate and improve the performance of their fleet with regard to CO 2 emissions. Merits of Market Based Instruments (bunker levy and ETS) were considered. Design Index; Completed work on the development of the Design Index. Shipyards are encouraged to implement index voluntarily and bring results back to MEPC 59 where code will be finalised. Operational Index; Work continued on developing an IMO Best Practice guide for Fuel Efficiency. Market Based Instruments; Deferred until MEPC 59 Intercessional Meeting – March 2009 – Develop the Shipboard energy Management Plan, SEMP. For adoption at MEPC 59.
MEPC 59 – Market Based Instruments • • Working Group at MEPC 59 will be focused on building a framework for a possible Maritime MBI for presentation at the post Kyoto summit in Copenhagen, November 2009. Options Include: – – – • Bunker Levy – This has been discussed both in Oslo and at MEPC 58. There is little support outside of Denmark for any form of direct, or indirect taxation on fuel. Greenhouse Gas Pollution Compensation Fund – Similar to tax, is based upon bunkers consumed during year with a contribution based on CO 2 produced paid into an International fund. Seen as a back door approach to a levy. Emissions Trading – All submissions too date have been made by EU member states. OCIMF generally supports Emission Trading as the most efficient means to reduce GHG if Operational & Technical solutions are not considered to effectively meet reduction targets. OCIMF would prefer an IMO developed framework for future International or Regional ETS. A fundamental difference between the two schemes is that for the ETS there is a direct link to the market price of carbon and that the revenues will directly fund CO 2 reductions whereas with the GHG Compensation Fund, there is no certainty on where the funds will be directed or how they will be spent. There is a danger that the compensation funds could be allocated according to political drivers and without achieving the environmental objective.
OCIMF Activities • OCIMF has developed an Energy Efficiency & Fuel Management Plan to provide operators with a basis for assessing, modifying, and improving their management systems, with the aim of maximising energy efficiency and thus reducing GHG emissions. • Within the plan vessel operators are encouraged to establish and maintain procedures to measure and limit the use of energy in their operations. These should include provisions for: – – Minimising energy waste. Promoting energy efficiency awareness. Implementing vessel and voyage energy strategies to minimise energy usage. Promoting co-operation with charterers and others to facilitate energy efficient operations.
Overall OCIMF remains committed to the development of an effective and sustainable international solution which achieves the objective of reducing ship emissions, ensuring that shipping remains the greenest form of transport.
EU Issues Maritime transport is by definition of an international nature. To preserve the competitiveness of the European ports and fleet, EU requirements should remain harmonised with the IMO. Upcoming review of the Marine Fuels Directive: • With agreement at IMO level, the planned revision of the Marine Fuels Directive should remain in line with the IMO decisions and therefore be used to quickly implement the amendments of the MARPOL Annex VI within the EU. – – The 0. 1% Sulphur ‘at berth’ is particularly problematic. OCIMF believes this provision should be reviewed before it enters into effect on 1 st January, 2010. The fair treatment of seafarers must be ensured, maritime jobs must remain attractive: – MEPs must also take this concern into consideration when reviewing the Criminal sanctions Directive.
Lifeboat Safety • Significant Concern that incidents continue to occur. • Three Incidents with OCIMF members in last 3 months 2008 – 4 Injuries / 3 Boats destroyed. • Industry & IMO need to move faster to resolve.
Lifeboat Safety - Advocacy • IMO DE • Inter Industry Lifeboat Working Group • OCIMF MTSC
Lifeboat Booklet • Developed as Practical Guidance for Seafarers. • Intertanko participation & assistance. • OCIMF Next Steps – Development of Standard Hook – Improved/Standard Cockpit Ergonomics. – System Certification
Current OCIMF Priority Issues at IMO • • • Comprehensive Review of the STCW Convention and Code Measures to Prevent Accidents with Lifeboats Measures to Prevent Explosions on Oil and Chemical Tankers MARPOL Annex VI and NOX Technical Code revision Green House Gas Emissions MARPOL STS Regulation - new Chapter 8 Ballast Water Convention MSDS E-Navigation Strategy Goal Based Construction Standards Performance Standards for Protective Coatings
Mercury In Crude - Shipping Issues • Mercury in Crude/Condensate will be lost during transshipment in a number of ways – Adsorption - Hg adhering to the sides of the tank. – Mercury vapors – Hg is very volatile and will be driven into the vapour space especially while carrying a high pour crude oil which requires heating. – Drop Out – Hg may drop to the bottom of the tank and remain. Industry standard included sludge removal in dirty tankers every 2 -5 years. – Current waste disposal practices do not reflect the presence of Hg. 27
Crudes in the Far East with High Hg. Miri 29. 6 0. 07 2 ppb B 3 Miri OT Labuan 30. 6 0. 03 1 ppb B 17 Labuan Nanhai Light 39. 7 0. 06 3 ppb B 111 Huizhou FPSO Pattani 41. 1 0. 03 1125 B 93 FPSO Bongkot 50 0. 01 900 B 86 FPSO Benchamas 41. 3 0. 03 500 B 84 FPSO Erawan 54. 3 0. 0 1 1980 B 91 FPSO Tantawan 41. 8 0. 03 230 B 84 FPSO 300 Crude Name API S %wt HG ppb. Ref # Load Port Onshore Bach Ho Rang Dong 40. 4 0. 03 38. 5 0. 05 112 ppb B 92 58 ppb B 89 Bach Ho OT FPSO Ruby 34. 3 0. 02 7 ppb B 94 FPSO Black Lion 37 Low 2 ppb B 91 FPSO Brunei Cond Brunei Light 72. 6 0. 01 40. 3 0. 06 10 ppb B 95 25 ppb B 95 Seria Term 41. 8 0. 05 10 ppb B 22 Masa OT 45. 5 0. 02 25 ppb B 22 Tapis OT Lalang 39. 7 0. 05 35 0. 08 13 ppb B 25 a Dumai Belanak 43. 3 0. 019 400 ppb B 75 FPSO Hg Hot Spots Anoa 45. 9 0. 07 B 25 16 ppb B 50 a FPSO CVX Equity Crude Senipah Attaka/Badak 42. 3 0. 09 50. 8 0. 03 6 ppb B 23 125 ppb B 53 Santan Senipah Tapis Minas Sembilang 35. 7 0. 05 5 ppb B 75 FPSO Hg content over 50 ppb Malamapaya 52. 2 0. 1 300 ppb B 95 Terminal Arun Cond 57. 2 0. 01 250 ppb B 50 Blang Lancang Terengganu Con Sleb Champion 35. 3 25. 4 0. 08 8 ppb B 95 Seria Term 67 ppb B 47 FPSO Kutubu 44. 7 0. 05 8 ppb B 42 Kumul Term Kerapu 44. 7 0. 04 Bintulu Cond 66. 2 0. 04 1 ppb B 5 Bintulu 42 pbb B 29 FPSO Bayu Undan Bontang Mix 50. 8 0. 03 55. 9 0. 007 30 ppb B 41 10 ppb B 69 FPSO Kumul Term Belida 45. 3 0. 07 7 ppb B 75 FPSO West Seno 38 0. 12 7 ppb B** FPSO NWS Cond 60. 4 0. 01 25 -200 A 20 Dampier 2 ppb A 34 West. Port 1 ppb A 14 FPSO Laminara 58. 5 0. 03 1 ppb A 17 FPSO (1. 4) 3 ppb 3 ppb B 46 FPSO Mckee 43. 5 0. 33 Maui Crude 43. 1 0. 06 Varanus 44. 0 0. 04 28 Ardjuna 35. 2 0. 09 5 ppb B 52 FPSO Kaji 39. 2 0. 02 Barrow 37. 7 0. 04 10 ppb A 2 Barrow Term Thevenard 40. 7 0. 05 4 ppb A 24 Barrow Term Sepinggan 30. 7 0. 103 5 ppb B 29 FPSO 25 ppb A 35 On Shore Maui Cond 51. 4 0. 01 2 ppb A 34 On Shore Kapuni Cond 62. 7 0. 01 42 ppb A 31 On Shore
Scope of Mercury Issue • Mercury is co-produced with crude oil and gas in some formations. We have many potential gaps in our knowledge regarding its behavior as it travels through our processes. Tank bottoms Produced water Cutting and drilling mud Process equipment Pipeline Hg Specs on Gas Hg speciation changes. Question is………. . where, what & how much MRU waste Other waste streams Disposal options 29 Vapour space Tank bottoms Waste Disposal Emission limits PPE maintenance Product Specs
OCIMF Publications New Publications • • • Mooring Equipment Guidelines Lifeboat Safety Booklet FPSO Competency Assessment Piracy – The East Africa/Somalia Situation LPG & LNG Manifolds Offshore Hose Guidelines Tandem Mooring Guidelines Multi Buoy Moorings Effective Mooring Guide To Perils At Sea And Salvage Piracy & Armed Robbery (10/08) (11/08) (01/09) (In Progress) (03/09) (04/09) (06/09) Published SIGTTO Taking Lead Under Review Under Development ICS/OCIMF Under Development
A Voice for Safety www. OCIMF. com Oil Companies International Marine Forum 29 Queen Anne's Gate, London, SW 1 H 9 BU Tel: +44 (0) 20 7654 1200 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7654 1205