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internamiento PLANT HEALTH NATIONAL AGRARIAN HEALTH SERVICE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE 2013 internamiento PLANT HEALTH NATIONAL AGRARIAN HEALTH SERVICE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE 2013

PERU South America PERU South America

Surface: 1. 285. 215, 60 Km 2 Max. Altitude: 6768 m 2 Natural Regions Surface: 1. 285. 215, 60 Km 2 Max. Altitude: 6768 m 2 Natural Regions Coast (11%) Highlands (31%) Jungle (58%) Neighbor countries: -Ecuador -Colombia -Brazil -Bolivia -Chile

Distance : Lima to Beijing Lima to Tokio Lima to Seoul : : : Distance : Lima to Beijing Lima to Tokio Lima to Seoul : : : 16665 Km 15528 Km 16323 Km

Ministry of Agriculture Organismos Públicos Descentralizados (OPD) Ministry of Agriculture Organismos Públicos Descentralizados (OPD)

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU SENASA-PERU • Executing public body of SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU SENASA-PERU • Executing public body of the Ministry of Agriculture • Created on 1992 • Autonomy: Technical, administrative, economical, financial.

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU VISION Healthy & competitive agrarian products SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU VISION Healthy & competitive agrarian products with quality for Peru and the World. MISSION We serve as National Authority, protecting and improving the Agrarian health, promoting and controlling organic production and agri-food safety, for the sustainable and competitive development of the agrarian sector.

SENASA National Head Planning, Juridical & Audit Areas Technical Secretariat Centers for Diagnosis & SENASA National Head Planning, Juridical & Audit Areas Technical Secretariat Centers for Diagnosis & Production/Administration Animal Health Division Plant Health Division Animal Quarantine Plant Quarantine Agricultural Inputs Risk Analysis & Phytosanitary Surveillance Veterinary Inputs Fruit flies & Phytosanitary Projects Agri-food Safety Biological Control Organic Production Risk Analysis & Epidemiology Surveillance Diseases Control & Eradication Farm Inputs & Agri. Food Safety Division Executive Offices (25) Management Animal Health Plant Health Unit Quarantine Control Points Agrarian inputs & Agri-Food Safety Unit

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- INSTITUCIONAL COMPETENCES National Authority and Official Organisation SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- INSTITUCIONAL COMPETENCES National Authority and Official Organisation of Peru on: • Agrarian Health. • Organic Production • Agri-food Safety of Primary Products PERU

GENERAL REGULATIONS • International Regional WTO - Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures • GENERAL REGULATIONS • International Regional WTO - Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures • IPPC Guidelines • Decision 515 Comunidad Andina - Guidelines • Comité de Sanidad del Cono Sur – COSAVE (march 2013) General Law of Agrarian Health (Decreto Legislativo Nº 1059 Regulation of General Law of Agrarian Health (Decreto Supremo 018 -2008 -AG) National N°of Plant Quarantine (Decreto Supremo N° 032 • Regulation 2003 -AG) • Other Standards • •

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- Dirección de Sanidad Vegetal Plant Health Division SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- Dirección de Sanidad Vegetal Plant Health Division (DSV) PERU

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria LINES OF ACTION ----------------------- • To keep and SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria LINES OF ACTION ----------------------- • To keep and improve the country phytosanitary status. • To improve the competitiveness of the national production of plant products • To improve the quality of our services • Permanent training of Plant Health Staff with the goal to count on human resources highly trained and motivated. PERU

STAFF National (personnel permanent & under contract) Campaings 1600 1900 Head Office Plant Health STAFF National (personnel permanent & under contract) Campaings 1600 1900 Head Office Plant Health Division - DSV 4 Risk Analysis & Phytosanitary Surveillance Section - SARVF 15 Plant Quarantine Section - SCV 19 Biological Control Section- SCB 29 Fruit Flies & Phytosanitary Projects Section – SMFPF 12 TOTAL 79

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PLANT HEALTH Plant Quarantine Fruit Flies & SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PLANT HEALTH Plant Quarantine Fruit Flies & Phytosanitary Projects Risk Analysis & Phytosanitary Surveillance Sections Biological Control P & D Centers * Supporting Areas PERU

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ISSUES – PLANT HEALTH ----------------------- a) Phytosanitary regulations SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ISSUES – PLANT HEALTH ----------------------- a) Phytosanitary regulations b) Establishment of phytosanitary requirements for the importation and international transit of plants, plant products and regulated articles. c) Plant Quarantine System d) Phytosanitary Surveillance System (record and plant pest data processing) e) Plant Pest Risk Assessments f) Phytosanitary Projects to prevent, control, suppress and eradicate pests (quarantine and of national concern) g) Support for the Access to foreign markets of plant and plant products h) Focal Point for information & notification - WTO PERU

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria PLANT QUARANTINE ----------------------- PERU • To lead the SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria PLANT QUARANTINE ----------------------- PERU • To lead the system of quarantine control • To Prevent the entrance of regulated pests in the importation and international transit of plant, plant products and other regulated articles into the country and its regulated areas • To ensure the phytosanitary quality of Peruvian exportations. Areas: Importation Exportation International Transit Internal Quarantine Treatments

Control Points SENASA 27 Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- 5 28 External Control Control Points SENASA 27 Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- 5 28 External Control Points 4 26 25 3 PERU 7 24 (R. J. 184 -99 -AG-SENASA) 2 1 6 Cod. 8 23 22 9 10 28 11 21 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Nombre Jaén Espíndola Alamor Aguas Verdes Zorritos Pto. Paita La Tina Pto. Salaverry Aeropuerto del Callao Pto. Pisco Aeropuerto de Arequipa Pto. Matarani Pto. Ilo Ferrocarril - Tacna Aeropuerto de Tacna Palca Desaguadero Kasani Moho Tilali Mavila Iñapari Santa Rosa Fluvial Pto. Fluvial Mazuza Aeropuerto de Iquitos Pto. Fluvial Pantoja Aeropuerto de Cusco 12 19 13 Aéreo Terrestre Marítimo Ferroviario 14 15 16 17 18 SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU

Exports n n Access to new markets. Implementation of regulations and recomendations based in Exports n n Access to new markets. Implementation of regulations and recomendations based in the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures and bilateral agreements. n Approval of working exporting plans with other NPPO. n Stablishment of Procedures for the Phytosanitary Certification. n n Building capacities to producers, autorities and farmers; improving the knowledge of the plant health protection system in the country. Linking national and international organisations, making memorandum of understanding with Universities, exporters and farmers, involving them in the protection process and improving the agrarian health.

Markets opened with phyosanitary working plans Citrus: China, EEUU (Cold Treatment), Europa, Canadá, Venezuela, Markets opened with phyosanitary working plans Citrus: China, EEUU (Cold Treatment), Europa, Canadá, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Panamá, Costa Rica y Guatemala (Fruit Fly Low Prevalence). Avocado: : Chile (from Lima, Ica, La Libertad y Moquegua), with Methyl Bromide in facilities approved by SENASA and SAG. Guatemala, Panamá, Costa Rica, without treatment. Grape: China, EEUU, Taiwán, México); Costa Rica, Guatemala, Europa, Canadá, Taiwán, Panamá, Hong Kong, Europa, Malasia sin tratamiento; India (Cold treatment or fumigation). fumigation Garlic: : Venezuela, EEUU, Chile, Brasil, México. Potato: Brasil, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Bolivia. Mangoes: China, EEUU, Nueva Zelanda, Chile, Argentina y México, with hot water treatment, and to other countries like: Malasia, Canadá and European countries, do not need hot water treatment, but they are ruled by SENASA exporting procedures. Kiwicha (Amaranth): : Bolivia Pumpkin, melon: to EEUU. Pumpkin, melon and watermelon to Chile.

Imports CATEGORIZATION OF COMMODITIES ACCORDING TO THEIR PEST RISK (PCR) Classification of plants, plant Imports CATEGORIZATION OF COMMODITIES ACCORDING TO THEIR PEST RISK (PCR) Classification of plants, plant products and other regulated articles, based on their potential as pathway pests, level of processing and its intended use. SENASA established five (05) Phytosanitary Risk Categories: PCR 1 to 5 21

SOME COMMODITIES PRC 1 (WITH OUT MANDATORY INSPECTION) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 2 (ONLY INSPECTION) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 1 (WITH OUT MANDATORY INSPECTION) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 2 (ONLY INSPECTION) 22

SOME COMMODITIES PRC 3 (PERMIT IMPORT, PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE AND INSPECTION) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 4 SOME COMMODITIES PRC 3 (PERMIT IMPORT, PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE AND INSPECTION) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 4 (PERMIT IMPORT, PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE AND INSPECTION - POST ENTRY QUARANTINE) SOME COMMODITIES PRC 5 (PERMIT IMPORT, PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATE AND INSPECTION – POST ENTRY QUARANTINE) 23

PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS ACCORDING TO THE PHYTOSANITARY RISK CATEGORY – PRC 3 Permit Import Phytosanitary PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS ACCORDING TO THE PHYTOSANITARY RISK CATEGORY – PRC 3 Permit Import Phytosanitary Certificate Additional Declaration 2 Phytosanitary inspection Send to laboratory 1 Treatment 2 Post entry quarantine 5 Permit Import Phytosanitary inspection 3 5. PRC 5 Phytosanitary Certificate 4 1. 2. 3. 4. PRC 2 PRC 4 Post entry quarantine 5 IMPORT REQUIREMENTS PRC 1 Send to laboratory 1 Treatment 2 Suspected presence of pest Phytosanitary requirements or suspected presence of pest Suspected presence of pest No required for samples (grains) less than 01 kg Only if it is requested for propagation material Treatment 2

Phytosanitary Inspection MEASURES APPLIED BY SENASA IN THE ENTRY POINTS DOCUMENTS REVISION Document verification Phytosanitary Inspection MEASURES APPLIED BY SENASA IN THE ENTRY POINTS DOCUMENTS REVISION Document verification of the consignment. • PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION Visual inspection of the consignment to look for presence of pests and verification of compliance of the phytosanitary regulations. • SAMPLING FOR LAB TESTING. Pest identification or compliance of phytosanitary regulations. • POST ENTRY QUARANTINE (For propagative material ) Official evaluation of imported propagative material. Carry out in authorized production fields during an active growing season where a pest could appear. •

Phytosanitary Inspection Procedure PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION AT THE POINT OF ENTRY INTO THE COUNTRY • Phytosanitary Inspection Procedure PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION AT THE POINT OF ENTRY INTO THE COUNTRY • PHYTOSANITARY IMPORT PERMIT • • DETENTION Laboratory Analysis Quarantine Treatment REFUSAL a) Confiscation b) Return to the export country ENTRY

PHYTOSANITARY PERMIT IMPORT (PPI) • The PPI is issued by SENASA to authorize the PHYTOSANITARY PERMIT IMPORT (PPI) • The PPI is issued by SENASA to authorize the importation of a consignment of plants, plant products and regulated articles • The importer must have the Phytosanitary Permit Import prior to inspection, certification and shipment of product to Peru • It is valid for 90 calendar days and it is used for only one shipment.

PROCEDURES FOR INTERNMENT OF CONSIGNMENTS (3) Restricted products (1) Product arrival (RD Nº 002 PROCEDURES FOR INTERNMENT OF CONSIGNMENTS (3) Restricted products (1) Product arrival (RD Nº 002 -2012 -AG-SENASA-DSV) (2) Declaration on Customs (DUA or passanger Declaration) (5) Phytosanitary Inspection (Plant Quarantine Official) Favorable : ENTRY No Favorable : REFUSAL (4) File Record, documentary revision in SENASA´s office at entry point 28

CANINE SQUAD RD 0008 -2012 -AG-SENASA-DSV SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU CANINE SQUAD RD 0008 -2012 -AG-SENASA-DSV SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU

Phytosanitary Inspection - Imports Aerial Cargo Vehicles and passengers Postal items Consignments of under Phytosanitary Inspection - Imports Aerial Cargo Vehicles and passengers Postal items Consignments of under International Transit Sea freight Post entry 30

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU SURVEILLANCE • To keep updated the SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU SURVEILLANCE • To keep updated the system of phytosanitary information (National & International data) • Technical support for other areas. • Activities: Plant Pest Surveillance - Monitoring of Quarantine Pests with traps at national level (Trogoderma granarium, Tecia solanivora, Anthonomus grandis) - Surveillance of pest around the country - Surveillance in the exportation production areas. - Verification of plant pest notifications of farmers - Pest alerts (Lobesia botrana, HLB).

SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU PEST RISK ANALYSIS • To keep SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU PEST RISK ANALYSIS • To keep updated the system of phytosanitary information (National & International data) • Plant Pest Risk Assessments based on the IPPC standards • Technical support for other areas.

PEST RISK ANALYSIS & PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS (PR) • USER Request PR • SENASA PR PEST RISK ANALYSIS & PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS (PR) • USER Request PR • SENASA PR not established Request information to begin the PRA Initiation If needed, request Additional information End of PRA ----------------------- PERU NPPO EXPORT COUNTRY Internal Consultation Request PRA (Pest Risk Assessment) SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria PRA in public Consultation Receive letter from SENASA. Collect & send Requested information Receive PRA and send comments Evaluate the received comments Public Consultation of the proposal rule for PR. Evaluate Comments FINAL RULE Comments

FRUIT FLIES & PHYTOSANITARY PROJECTS • • Actions to prevent, control and eradicate pest FRUIT FLIES & PHYTOSANITARY PROJECTS • • Actions to prevent, control and eradicate pest of importance for the country. Actions to improve the phytosanitary status in Peru, in support for the national production and exportation of agrarian products. Activities: Control & Eradication of Fruit Flies (Ceratitis capitata y Anastrepha spp. ) Surveillance of Exotic Fruit Flies – Quarantine (A-1) Crop IPM (potato, coffee, banana, cocoa) Control of Phytosanitary Emergencies (locust, rodents, rust) YEAR 2007: Peru established Free Areas of Fruit Flies : Tacna y Moquegua (Southern area).

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL • • • To promote the use of biological agents for the BIOLOGICAL CONTROL • • • To promote the use of biological agents for the control of pests. To develop methods for the production & use of biological agents Support on quality control to production private labs of agents of biological. ACTIVITIES • Introduction & Production of benefical insects & entomopathogens • Development of methodologies. • Organic Field Certificatión (Fundos Verdes). • Training to privates.

Phytosanitary Studies • Cold treatment for grapes & citrus • Heat water treatment for Phytosanitary Studies • Cold treatment for grapes & citrus • Heat water treatment for mangoes bigger that 650 grs. . • Status of Hass avocado as non host of Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) en el Perú" SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU

Systematization • • Customer Atention System - SAU (users) Planing Integrated System - SIP Systematization • • Customer Atention System - SAU (users) Planing Integrated System - SIP (planning) Administrative Management System - SIGA (administration) Documental System - SISDOC (documents) National Fruit Fly System -SINADE (fruit flies) Animal Health Integrated Management System-SIGSA (Animal Health) Plant Health Integrated Management System - SIGSVE (plant health) SENASA Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- PERU

Ministerio de Agricultura SENASA INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF INFORMATION FOR PLANT HEALTH- SIGSVE Labs Surveillance Ministerio de Agricultura SENASA INTEGRATED SYSTEM OF INFORMATION FOR PLANT HEALTH- SIGSVE Labs Surveillance Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria ----------------------- Flies & Projects Phytosanitary Status Agents for notification Productivity & Competitively Executive Offices SIGSVE On line Feedback GIS & Maps Seeds Commerce Control Biologic Control PERU

SITE www. senasa. gob. pe SITE www. senasa. gob. pe

Portal Fitosanitario Internacional – PFI Portal Fitosanitario Internacional – PFI

Thank you…. . dgsv@senasa. gob. pe www. senasa. gob. pe Thank you…. . [email protected] gob. pe www. senasa. gob. pe