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Instructions • The following powerpoint is designed as a review for your upcoming test. Each team will write down an answer to the blanks in the presentation. After each team has shown their answer, the powerpoint will present the correct answer. The team with the most answers wins. This presentation also will reinforce concepts by showing pictures, maps and diagrams of the Vietnam War. Please view in slide show format only. Let the games begin.
Early Vietnam War French ý The_____ were the first to fight in what was then called _____ Indochina ý _____ ýEstablished the Vietnam Independence League ýWanted to overthrow French rule and gain Independence for the Vietnamese people ýWas the hero for North Vietnam ý Lost to Ho after nine years of fighting at Bien the battle of Diem ____ Fu. 50, 000 ý The French lost about _______ men in their Vietnam conflict. Geneva ý In the ____ Accords Vietnam was divided into North and South Vietnam
John F Kennedy ýJFK believed in the Domino ____ theory, which stated that if Vietnam fell, other nations would follow 600 ýHe sent in _____ military advisors, then increased the number to 16, 600.
Lyndon Baines Johnson ý LBJ had three main reasons for entering the Vietnam War. 1. 2. 3. The Munich Analog, ______ which stated that if you gave in to communists early, you’d have a bigger conflict later Domino The _______ theory, just like JFK Conservative backlash, which meant he was Republican afraid the _____ party would regain power if Vietnam fell to the ______s. Communist
The War Starts • The North Vietnamese attack two U. S. Tonkin destroyers in the Gulf of ____ • This allowed LBJ to push through Congress the _______ resolution. • In 1965 LBJ starts a huge bombing campaign on North and South Vietnam codenamed _______ • By 1968 the U. S. troop strength reached a 500, 000 peak of over ______ men
Guerrilla Warfare • Soldiers from South Vietnam who fight against the United States at Viet Cong night are called ________ Viet Minh • Freedom fighters who fight for Ho Chi Minh are called _____ Punji _____ • The VC would use lethal booby traps called ______Stakes that pierce a man’s leg. Tunnels • The Viet Minh had an elaborate system of ____ that extended far into South Vietnam Tunnel Rats • Soldiers who crawled into them were called ______. Diagram of a Punji Pit
• The North could keep their armies supplied as they fought in the South through the ________ which actually was located in _______ Laos and Cambodia.
Search The United States adopted a ______ and Destroy _____ strategy to counter the guerrilla tactics. They also used Agent _____ to defoliate the countryside and ______, a jellied gasoline that clings to whatever it touches. Napalm Even though the war was going badly for the United States, Johnson thought he could turn it around. However, in January, 1968, the North launched a huge attack in over 100 cities. It coincided with the Vietnamese new year and was thus called the Tet Offensive _______________. This prevented LBJ from seeking reelection. Actual Napalm Canister Fighting during the Tet Offensive
The Nixon Era and Protests • Nixon campaigned in 1968 saying he had a plan for ending the war. This plan, which called for the withdrawal of U. S. troops and their replacement with troops from South Vietnam, was called • __________.
Protests • The public at home were more aware of events in Vietnam than in past wars because of what they saw on ______. Protests mainly came from students university _______ • During the first organized protest in Washington, they chanted in front of the White House “Hey, hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today? • __________”.
A Vietnam War protester holds up his burning draft card while a crowd surrounds him, many of whom offer the camera a rude gesture. • They would demonstrate and the men would burn their _____ cards in protest. Some would claim that they were part of an organized religious group. They were called _________. Conscientious objectors After President Nixon announced the invasion of Cambodia, the protests became more violent.
• Finally, in May, 1970, national guardsmen killed four students at _______, a college in Ohio.
Mai Lai Massacre • Another event that occurred in Vietnam that polarized the public against the war was the _____ Lai Mai _____ massacre, where on March 16, 1968, Lt. William Calley killed over 200 innocent civilians. Victims of Mai Lt William Calley
War’s End • The North and South Vietnamese, the United States and the Viet Cong met in _______, France to negotiate peace. They finally came to an agreement in January 1973. Nixon tried to exit Vietnam with the slogan “Peace with ____. ” Signing of the Cease Fire Agreement, January, 1973
The last troops left in March of 1973. Fighting continued between the North and the South. In Embassies April, 1975 the U. S. ordered all ______ closed and all Americans evacuated. Evacuating the embassy On April 30, South Vietnam surrendered to the North and the North renamed Saigon __________ City. Ho Chi Minh
Nearly _____ 58, 000 Americans died in Vietnam • Most people in the U. S. even today have formulated an opinion on the value of this war. So should you. The Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D. C. is a large Wall black granite _____ that lists the war’s dead and missing.