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Inovácia obsahu a metód vzdelávania prispôsobená potrebám vedomostnej spoločnosti BAUHAUS The Design history VYPRACOVAL: Inovácia obsahu a metód vzdelávania prispôsobená potrebám vedomostnej spoločnosti BAUHAUS The Design history VYPRACOVAL: Mgr, Barbora Kravcová jún 2014 „Moderné vzdelávanie pre vedomostnú spoločnosť/Projekt je spolufinancovaný zo zdrojov EÚ“

CONTENT • • Short history Main principles Curriculum Laszlo- Moholy- Nagy: childhood Laszlo- Moholy- CONTENT • • Short history Main principles Curriculum Laszlo- Moholy- Nagy: childhood Laszlo- Moholy- Nagy: art Examples of Bauhaus work principles and ideas

HISTORY • literally HISTORY • literally "house of construction" - was understood as meaning "School of Building". • School in Germany that combined crafts and fine art under one roof. • Founded by Walter Gropius. • Started in Weimar, Germany in 1919, the school moved to Dessau in 1924 and then was forced to close in 1933. • Main principles: simplified forms, rationality, functionality. • The idea that mass production could live in harmony with the artistic spirit of individuality. Laszlo-Moholy-Nagy and L. M. Van der Rohe made significant contributions to the development of graphic design. • Bauhaus taught typography as part of its curriculum. • Developed sans-serif typography, which they favored for its simplified geometric forms.

MAIN PRINCIPLES The building itself was the zenith of all design Art and technology MAIN PRINCIPLES The building itself was the zenith of all design Art and technology in a new unity. Principles : • RATIONALITY decide wisely what to use and how. • FUNCTIONALITY it should be easily functional for everyone. • MASSPRODUCT WITH ARTISTIC SPIRIT even though it is a mass produced good it must have an aesthetical value.

BAUHAUS CURRICULUM • Theory of form over the function • Strong understanding of basic BAUHAUS CURRICULUM • Theory of form over the function • Strong understanding of basic design • The principles of composition • Colour theory • Craftsmanship in a wide array of disciplines

LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Childhood • Laszlo Moholy-Nagy was born in a small farming town in LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Childhood • Laszlo Moholy-Nagy was born in a small farming town in southern Hungary. • He was brough up by his grandmother. • He left for Budapest in 1913 to study law, but his studies were interrupted when he was drafted into the Army, experienced the horror of war. • Became a painter, photographer and a teacher at Bauhaus.

LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Examples of work LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Examples of work

LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Art principles and ideas • Believed that all art disciplines should be LASZLO- MOHOLY-NAGY Art principles and ideas • Believed that all art disciplines should be joined together and accompany each other. • L-M-Nagy was fascinated by a new age and modern art fields such as typography, photography and graphic design itself. • He was experimenting with photograms • He was interest in qualities of space, time, and light • He made some sculptures of transparent Plexiglas

EXAMPLES OF WORK AT BAUHAUS EXAMPLES OF WORK AT BAUHAUS

BAUHAUS CONTRIBUTIONS • Bauhaus started to establish extensive contact with business, through many small- BAUHAUS CONTRIBUTIONS • Bauhaus started to establish extensive contact with business, through many small- scale exhibitions • Changed the field of design and education • revolutionized the idea of “pure art” and “applied art” • started so called “factory apprenticeship”, Bauhaus emphasized on the combination of practice and theory. • It also develops modern design theory on architecture design.

QESTIONNAIRE • Who is the man in the photograph? • What do you know QESTIONNAIRE • Who is the man in the photograph? • What do you know about him? • Which art discipline was he fascinated by?

ANSWERS • Laszlo- Moholy-Nagy • A painter, photographer and a teacher at Bauhaus • ANSWERS • Laszlo- Moholy-Nagy • A painter, photographer and a teacher at Bauhaus • was fascinated by a new age and modern art fields. such as typography, photography and graphic design itself.

RE- CAPING • Using bubble map describe Bauhaus. R. . F. . M. . RE- CAPING • Using bubble map describe Bauhaus. R. . F. . M. . . . BAUHAUS S. . Innov ative

SOURCES • • http: //www. designishistory. com/1920/the-bauhaus/ http: //monoskop. org/L%C 3%A 1 szl%C 3%B SOURCES • • http: //www. designishistory. com/1920/the-bauhaus/ http: //monoskop. org/L%C 3%A 1 szl%C 3%B 3_Moholy-Nagy http: //moholy-nagy. org/ • The Bauhaus and Its Influence, ” 2003. http: //www. spurensuchemidwest. org/a_Bauhaus_english. http: //www. dieselpunks. org/profiles/blogs/laszlo-moholynagy-the-pursuit •