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Innovative research and first-class higher education? Some general remarks from a librarian Henryk Hollender Innovative research and first-class higher education? Some general remarks from a librarian Henryk Hollender Lazarski University

The world: concentration of scientific research and technological innovation • Tool for evaluation: papers The world: concentration of scientific research and technological innovation • Tool for evaluation: papers (output, citations) and patents • Disclaimer: big data gives rough estimation • A global study 1981 -2008 [1]: papers and [email protected] ntu-kpi. kiev. ua patents concentrated in USA, United Kingdom, Japan, Germany and France • Papers less concentrated than patents. Conclusion: technological innovation more concentrated than reasearch impact?

More on spatial and temporal factors of concentration • Papers and patents less concentrated More on spatial and temporal factors of concentration • Papers and patents less concentrated if the data from the USA excluded • Some high-productivity countries are far from listing because of their small size • China, Taiwan and Korea following closely: China mostly in papers, Taiwan and Korea in patents • USA predominance slowly decreasing, but more so in papers than in patents. Again: link between research productivity and innovation is less direct that we might think

Focus on Europe • Sorry, no fresh work (but raw data available in Essential Focus on Europe • Sorry, no fresh work (but raw data available in Essential Science Indicators, Thomson Reuters) • A study covering 1994 -2004 [2]: European Union biomed research producticvity = 76% productivity of the USA (having regard to the number of population) • The issue of 2004: if new EU countries are to be included in the calculation, EU bio-med research productivity = 66% productivity of the USA • Lower score with each subsequent EU enlargement? Sorry, no fresh estimation but data available: Essential Science Indicators (Thomson Reuters), SCImago Journal and Country Rank (Scopus)

http: //www. scimagojr. com/countryrank. php, 1996 -2013 Scimago country http: //www. scimagojr. com/countryrank. php, 1996 -2013 Scimago country

Research – extensive or intensive… Country Documents Citations (million) Citations per document H-index 13. Research – extensive or intensive… Country Documents Citations (million) Citations per document H-index 13. Russian Fed. 14. Netherlands 18. Sweden 19. Poland 29. Czech Republic 38. Hungary 72. Iceland 73. Latvia 639598 614552 417156 387972 185849 3, 6 12, 1 8, 0 2, 9 1, 6 6, 00 23, 03 21, 76 8, 93 10, 09 355 636 567 336 268 124265 12399 12144 1, 4 0, 2 0, 08 12, 71 25, 76 9, 21 277 181 94

Another study [3]: papers per 100000 inhabitants, 2002 -2013 [3] 1. 2. 3. 4. Another study [3]: papers per 100000 inhabitants, 2002 -2013 [3] 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 25. 26. … 28. … 33. Switzerland, 2427 Sweden, 2019 Denmark, 1855 Finland, 1743 Norway, 1638 Netherlands, 1587 Israel, 1497 Australia, 1469 … Hungary Poland Russia China h wit ries unt licy ll co po a Sm arch e res ood g

Patterns for groups of countries [3] • Social Sciences: English-speaking, Netherlands, Israel. • Balanced, Patterns for groups of countries [3] • Social Sciences: English-speaking, Netherlands, Israel. • Balanced, slight dominance of Physical Science, strong disadvantage for Social Science: France, Italy, Poland, Hungary, India • More balanced: German speaking, Finland, Sweden, Denmark; Ireland, Belgium • Engineering Science: Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, China • Physical Science: Russia and Ukraine

Quantity instead of quality? A view on Poland • 1200 or more scholarly journals; Quantity instead of quality? A view on Poland • 1200 or more scholarly journals; lots of lowlycited research • Most of secondary journals: poor circulation, little chance to receive citation, but a publishing opportunity for authors who do not go to highly impactful journals. • Will they turn out to be the kindergarten for highly cited authors?

Tasks for the librarian and the university press • We cannot affect impact, we Tasks for the librarian and the university press • We cannot affect impact, we can affect visibility/readership: publish in English with a real online version (open access or subscription-based) AND try to get to major bibliographic services • What best makes information circulate? – Traditional bibliography – Digital repositories repeating documents already published – Discovery and delivery tools (Primo, EDS, Summon etc. ) – Academia. edu – Informal contacts among scholars

Correcting the general view • Research output in many countries may be missing from Correcting the general view • Research output in many countries may be missing from global bibliographic control • Science is only global? Not true! „Local research” may result in inspiring works, helping adopt new theories and bridging the gap between innovative and outdated scholarship. • What will students read next to expensive handbooks, usually translated? For instance economics: we need shorter attractive books, cases, readable journal articles • Baz. Ekon: example of a bibliographic database which – – Provides full text wherever possible Lists references from the article Lists citations received by the article User-friendly, teaches information literacy!

My bibliography • [1] Mu-Hsuan Huang, Han-Wen Chang, Dar-Zen Chen: The trend of concentration My bibliography • [1] Mu-Hsuan Huang, Han-Wen Chang, Dar-Zen Chen: The trend of concentration in scientific research and technological innovation: a reduction of the predominant role of the U. S. in world research & technology, Journal of Informatics 6 (2012) p. 457 -468 • [2] E. Soteriades, M. Falagas: Comparison of amount of biomedical research originating from the European Union and the United States, British Medical Journal 2005, 331, p. 192 -194 • [3] A. -W. Harzing, A. Giroud: The competitive advantage of nations: an application to academia, Journal of Informetrics, 2014, 8. 1, p. 29 -42.

h. hollender@lazarski. edu. pl Thank you for your attention! h. [email protected] edu. pl Thank you for your attention!