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INLS 520 Information Organization INLS 520 Erik Mitchell INLS 520 Information Organization INLS 520 Erik Mitchell

Review • Controlled vocabularies – Term Lists, Hierarchies, Trees, Paradigms, Facets, Folksonomies • Knowledge Review • Controlled vocabularies – Term Lists, Hierarchies, Trees, Paradigms, Facets, Folksonomies • Knowledge organization systems – Term Lists, Thesauri, Taxonomies, Ontologies INLS 520 Erik Mitchell

Today • Protege tutorial – Create a thesaurus – Create an ontology • Ontologies Today • Protege tutorial – Create a thesaurus – Create an ontology • Ontologies – Basic concept – Building in protege – RDF (? ) – OWL (? ) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell

Assignment 1 recap • Required XML tags – <? XML. . . ? > Assignment 1 recap • Required XML tags – • Required DC elements – None, need a content wrapper and at least one element , <author>, etc. • Advanced Concepts – Namespaces – Schemas/DTDs • MARC & DC – Advantages / disadvantages • Techniques for discovering data – View Source – DC DOT Metadata generator INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="CV Concepts & definitions • Controlled Vocabularies – Organized Lists – Relationships between concepts" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-5.jpg" alt="CV Concepts & definitions • Controlled Vocabularies – Organized Lists – Relationships between concepts" /> CV Concepts & definitions • Controlled Vocabularies – Organized Lists – Relationships between concepts • Knowledge organization systems – Typed relationships – Direct / inferable knowledge INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Thesauri Definitions – “Guide to use of terms, showing relationships between them, for the" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-6.jpg" alt="Thesauri Definitions – “Guide to use of terms, showing relationships between them, for the" /> Thesauri Definitions – “Guide to use of terms, showing relationships between them, for the purpose of providing standardized, controlled vocabulary for information storage and retrieval”(Monash) – “A list of words showing similarities, differences, dependencies, and other relationships to each other”(USG) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Thesauri Concepts • • • Preferred terms Non-preferred terms Semantic relations between terms How" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-7.jpg" alt="Thesauri Concepts • • • Preferred terms Non-preferred terms Semantic relations between terms How" /> Thesauri Concepts • • • Preferred terms Non-preferred terms Semantic relations between terms How to apply terms (guidelines, rules) Scope notes Adding terms (How to produce terms that are not listed explicitly in thesaurus) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Common thesaural identifiers • SN Scope Note – Instruction, e. g. don’t invert phrases" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-8.jpg" alt="Common thesaural identifiers • SN Scope Note – Instruction, e. g. don’t invert phrases" /> Common thesaural identifiers • SN Scope Note – Instruction, e. g. don’t invert phrases • USE Use (another term in preference to this one) • • UF Used For BT Broader Term NT Narrower Term RT Related Term INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Thesauri Guides • National Information Standards Organization. (2005). Guidelines for the construction, format, and" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-9.jpg" alt="Thesauri Guides • National Information Standards Organization. (2005). Guidelines for the construction, format, and" /> Thesauri Guides • National Information Standards Organization. (2005). Guidelines for the construction, format, and management of monolingual thesauri. ANSI/NISO Z 39. 192005. Bethesda, MD: NISO Press. – http: //www. niso. org/standards/resources/Z 39 -192005. pdf? CFID=5559601&CFTOKEN=31747314 • Aitchison, Jean & Gilchirist, Alan. Thesaurus Construction: A Practical Guide. 3 rd ed. London: Aslib, 1997. • Willpower Information Management Consultants – http: //www. willpower. demon. co. uk/thesprin. htm INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Ontology Definitions • “The study of being or existence” • “A conceptualization of a" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-10.jpg" alt="Ontology Definitions • “The study of being or existence” • “A conceptualization of a" /> Ontology Definitions • “The study of being or existence” • “A conceptualization of a specification” (Gruber) • “An ontology formally defines a common set of terms that are used to describe and represent a domain. ” (OWL) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Webster’s Dictionary • Webster’s Third New International Dictionary defines Ontology as: 1. A science" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-11.jpg" alt="Webster’s Dictionary • Webster’s Third New International Dictionary defines Ontology as: 1. A science" /> Webster’s Dictionary • Webster’s Third New International Dictionary defines Ontology as: 1. A science or study of being, specifically a branch of metaphysics* relating to the nature and relations of being. 2. A theory concerning the kinds of entities and specifically the kinds of abstract entities that are to be admitted to a language system. INLS 520 *Metaphysics: Nature of being “or” existence. Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Ontology Concepts • Classes – Names of objects in the domain • Relationships between" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-12.jpg" alt="Ontology Concepts • Classes – Names of objects in the domain • Relationships between" /> Ontology Concepts • Classes – Names of objects in the domain • Relationships between classes • Connections between classes • Properties of classes • Background or identifying knowledge of these objects • Constraints on these properties & relationships • Limits and parameters of the relationships INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Class exercise • Protégé overview – Orientation – Object types (Classes, Slots, Instances) –" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-13.jpg" alt="Class exercise • Protégé overview – Orientation – Object types (Classes, Slots, Instances) –" /> Class exercise • Protégé overview – Orientation – Object types (Classes, Slots, Instances) – Relationships (hierarchies, associative) • As a group, we will work through the protege training guide – http: //protege. stanford. edu/doc/tutorial/get_started/ get-started. pdf INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="What is the semantic web • • URI (Universal resource identifier) OWL/RDFS All built" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-14.jpg" alt="What is the semantic web • • URI (Universal resource identifier) OWL/RDFS All built" /> What is the semantic web • • URI (Universal resource identifier) OWL/RDFS All built on top of regular web RDF underlying language of semantic web – Xml represents data (document based) – RDF represents pure information (anyone can use, re-harvestable), you could call this knowledge • Examples – Swoogle – Goog 411 INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Ontologies (review) • “A common set of terms that are used to describe and" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-15.jpg" alt="Ontologies (review) • “A common set of terms that are used to describe and" /> Ontologies (review) • “A common set of terms that are used to describe and represent a domain” – Classes, Relationships, Properties, Constraints • A formal organization of knowledge – The primary role of an ontology is to define a language which people and computers in a given domain can share INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="A good ontology has • Features: – Meaningful – all classes have instances –" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-16.jpg" alt="A good ontology has • Features: – Meaningful – all classes have instances –" /> A good ontology has • Features: – Meaningful – all classes have instances – Accurate / correct – Non-redundant – each class/instance is represented in a single way – Rich in description – context, content • Enabled functionality: – Able to use queries to connect new pieces of information – Use XML & definitions to integrate knowledge across domains INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Ontology Continuum • • • Keyword Lists Basic Thesauri Complex Thesauri Taxonomies Simple Ontologies" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-17.jpg" alt="Ontology Continuum • • • Keyword Lists Basic Thesauri Complex Thesauri Taxonomies Simple Ontologies" /> Ontology Continuum • • • Keyword Lists Basic Thesauri Complex Thesauri Taxonomies Simple Ontologies (wordnet) Complex Ontologies (OWL) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="SHOE Ontology project – • Possible to build an ontology for anything – Simple" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-18.jpg" alt="SHOE Ontology project – • Possible to build an ontology for anything – Simple" /> SHOE Ontology project – • Possible to build an ontology for anything – Simple HTML Ontology Extensions (SHOE) Project • http: //www. cs. umd. edu/projects/plus/SHOE/html-pages. html • Sample projects – Beer Ontology • http: //www. cs. umd. edu/projects/plus/SHOE/onts/index. html#beer – Document Ontology • http: //www. cs. umd. edu/projects/plus/SHOE/onts/docmnt 1. 0. html INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Ontology Concepts • • Multiple inheritance Vertical and horizontal relationships Decomposed subject/object Predicate based" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-19.jpg" alt="Ontology Concepts • • Multiple inheritance Vertical and horizontal relationships Decomposed subject/object Predicate based" /> Ontology Concepts • • Multiple inheritance Vertical and horizontal relationships Decomposed subject/object Predicate based description (is. Relatedto, has. Version) • First Order Predicate Logic – Statements broken down into subjects/predicates • Proposition – All men are mortal, Socrates is a man • Therefore – Socrates is mortal INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Creating a CV review • Design methods – Re-use existing, start with content &" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-20.jpg" alt="Creating a CV review • Design methods – Re-use existing, start with content &" /> Creating a CV review • Design methods – Re-use existing, start with content & desired use ideas – Committee / community approach • Top-down – Concept driven • Bottom-up – Document driven – Empirical approach • Deductive approach – Select terms, create relationships, perform term control • Inductive approach – Establish CV at outset, build hierarchies on as needed basis INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Creating a CV review (2) • Top-Down – Identify audience – Identify all topics," src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-21.jpg" alt="Creating a CV review (2) • Top-Down – Identify audience – Identify all topics," /> Creating a CV review (2) • Top-Down – Identify audience – Identify all topics, concepts, uses, and context of the domain – Sort topics identified into an appropriate organization scheme (enumerative, hierarchical, faceted) – Solidify structure and clean up gaps & redundancies – Assign documents to categories, test retrieval • Bottom-up INLS 520 Erik Mitchell – Identify audience – Survey documents for topics/concepts. – Build system on the fly – let content drive structure and limits of system – Identify gap & redundancies in system – Test retrieval </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Creating a CV review (3) • Think about scope, use, content, maintenance • Gather" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-22.jpg" alt="Creating a CV review (3) • Think about scope, use, content, maintenance • Gather" /> Creating a CV review (3) • Think about scope, use, content, maintenance • Gather Terms – Based on existing systems, content – Based on user needs/expectations – Investigate issues of specificity, exhaustivity, granularity • Build hierarchies, relationships – Broader/narrower terms, Related terms, Use/Use for, see/see also • • Establish Rules Implement Evaluate Maintain http: //www. boxesandarrows. com/view/creating_a_controlled_vocabulary INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Creating an Ontology • Determine Scope of field, define boundaries • Check for existing" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-23.jpg" alt="Creating an Ontology • Determine Scope of field, define boundaries • Check for existing" /> Creating an Ontology • Determine Scope of field, define boundaries • Check for existing ontologies, vocabularies • Select a top-down/bottom-up approach – Identify concepts, vocabulary, parameters, constraints • Identify relationships – Multiple hierarchies, inheritance • Build, test, maintain INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Class exercise • Design your own ontology – In Groups, pick a domain of" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-24.jpg" alt="Class exercise • Design your own ontology – In Groups, pick a domain of" /> Class exercise • Design your own ontology – In Groups, pick a domain of knowledge • Type of food (pizza, soup, beer), field of study (library science, math), etc • Come up with a basic ontological framework and begin creating it in Protege • Be prepared to share a brief overview with the class which will include – – Domain area Top level classses Instance definitions Relationships INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Assignment 2 • Overview • In this assignment you will create an ontology on" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-25.jpg" alt="Assignment 2 • Overview • In this assignment you will create an ontology on" /> Assignment 2 • Overview • In this assignment you will create an ontology on a topic of your choice. Your ontology should contain multiple classes and instances and be focused on a specific purpose. This assignment includes an implementation of the ontology in Protégé and a brief paper explaining your ontology. • Guidelines • Select a topic of interest and determine the top level (i. e. Basketball, Chocolate, etc). • Define the scope (depth/breadth) and purpose of the ontology. Define specific classes and facets (known as slots in Protégé) that describe those classes. Your ontology should have between 5 -10 classes with multiple (2 -5) slots for each class. Think about the use of hierarchy and multiple inheritance in your ontology. • Summarize your ontology in a short paper (no more than two pages). Outline your ontology and discuss your rationale and key decisions (e. g. scope, purpose, classes and slots, defining relationships) • Implement the ontology in Protégé. Define your classes and instances. Create two queries that illustrate ways in which the data could be retrieved. • Dates & groupwork • Due – November 6 th • Groupwork is acceptable INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="RDF • Subject, property, object triples • Transmitted in xml • RDFS extends RDF" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-26.jpg" alt="RDF • Subject, property, object triples • Transmitted in xml • RDFS extends RDF" /> RDF • Subject, property, object triples • Transmitted in xml • RDFS extends RDF with an ontology language – Properties, specialization • OWL – More powerful extension of RDFS – Uses same syntax of RDF INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="RDF Model Author Webpage: http: //www. stuff. com “Saki Knafo” (Resource) (Property type) (Value)" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-27.jpg" alt="RDF Model Author Webpage: http: //www. stuff. com “Saki Knafo” (Resource) (Property type) (Value)" /> RDF Model Author Webpage: http: //www. stuff. com “Saki Knafo” (Resource) (Property type) (Value) Subject Predicate Object “The author of the stuff webpage is Saki Knafo” - A literal, a triple, a statement INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="How is RDF different? • RDF is a descriptive model that – Allows variable" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-28.jpg" alt="How is RDF different? • RDF is a descriptive model that – Allows variable" /> How is RDF different? • RDF is a descriptive model that – Allows variable contextualized description – Deconstructs the descriptive process – Allows more granular automated processing of data – Uses exact markup to indicate the context of values (namespaces, schemas) INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Encoding RDF in XML <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-29.jpg" alt="Encoding RDF in XML <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:" /> Encoding RDF in XML <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns: dcterms="http: //purl. org/dc/terms/" xmlns: dc="http: //purl. org/dc/elements/1. 1/" xmlns: rdfs="http: //www. w 3. org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"> <rdf: Description rdf: about="http: //www. stuff. com/"> <dc: title>The Hang: The Island of Black Jeans</dc: title> <dc: creator>SAKI KNAFO</dc: creator> <dc: date>Sun, 16 Sep 2007 01: 04: 40 GMT</dc: date> <dc: description>descriptive content</dc: description> </rdf: Description> </rdf: RDF> INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Iterative RDF description <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns: vcard="http:" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-30.jpg" alt="Iterative RDF description <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns: vcard="http:" /> Iterative RDF description <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf="http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns: vcard="http: //dli. grainger. uiuc. edu/publications/metadatacasestudy/dc_schemas/ vcard. xsd" xmlns: dc="http: //purl. org/dc/elements/1. 1/" xmlns: rdfs="http: //www. w 3. org/2000/01/rdf-schema#"> <rdf: Description rdf: about=“http: //www. stuff. com"> <dc: title>The Hang: The Island of Black Jeans</dc: title> <dc: creator rdf: href = "#Creator_001"/> <dc: identifier>http: //www. stuff. com</dc: identifier> <dc: date>Sun, 16 Sep 2007 01: 04: 40 GMT</dc: date> <dc: description>descriptive content</dc: description> </rdf: Description> <rdf: Description ID="Creator_001"> rdf: about="http: //dli. grainger. uiuc. edu/publications/metadatacasestudy/dc_, , , "> <vcard: given>Saki</vcard: given> <vcard: family>Knafo</vcard: family> <vcard: email> <vcard: userid>knafo@www. nytimes. com</vcard: userid> </vcard: email> </rdf: Description> </rdf: RDF> INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="RDFS • RDF Schema – Defines additional rdf elements that help type relationships •" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-31.jpg" alt="RDFS • RDF Schema – Defines additional rdf elements that help type relationships •" /> RDFS • RDF Schema – Defines additional rdf elements that help type relationships • Special Classes – Based on RDF Classes / Properties / Attributes with additional • http: //www. w 3 schools. com/rdf_reference. asp • Allows the creation of vocabularies / ontologies INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="OWL (Web Ontology Language) • An ontolgy that is geared towards representing information on" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-32.jpg" alt="OWL (Web Ontology Language) • An ontolgy that is geared towards representing information on" /> OWL (Web Ontology Language) • An ontolgy that is geared towards representing information on the web – Classes, properties, and relationships that describe URIs and their facets. • Based on the Triple concept – Subject, Predicate, Object – 3 versions: OWL-Lite, OWL-DL, OWL-Full • Formatted in RDF/XML – Uses RDF and RDFS as a foundation – Adds new elements in the owl namespace INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="OWL Versions • OWL-Lite – Simple hierarchies, constraints • OWL-DL – Uses description logics" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-33.jpg" alt="OWL Versions • OWL-Lite – Simple hierarchies, constraints • OWL-DL – Uses description logics" /> OWL Versions • OWL-Lite – Simple hierarchies, constraints • OWL-DL – Uses description logics • Logic-based semantic markup based on first-order predicate logic – Still guarantees finite relationship processing – Best suited for automation • OWL-Full – Most complex – Open ended, possible to get into infinite processing INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="OWL Example <? xml version="1. 0"? > <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf=http: //www. w 3." src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-34.jpg" alt="OWL Example <? xml version="1. 0"? > <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf=http: //www. w 3." /> OWL Example <? xml version="1. 0"? > <rdf: RDF xmlns: rdf=http: //www. w 3. org/1999/02/22 -rdf-syntax-ns# xmlns: rdfs="http: //www. w 3. org/2000/01/rdfschema#" xmlns: owl=http: //www. w 3. org/2002/07/owl# xmlns=http: //www. w 3. org/2001/sw/Best. Practices/OEP/Simple. Part. Whole/part. owl# xml: base="http: //www. w 3. org/2001/sw/Best. Practices/OEP/Simple. Part. Whole/part. owl"> <owl: Ontology rdf: about=“> <owl: version. Info rdf: datatype="http: //www. w 3. org/2001/X. . . ">1. 0</owl: version. Info> <rdfs: comment rdf: datatype="http: //www. w 3. org/2001/XMLSchema#string" > An ontology containing the basic part relations: part. Of, has. Part, part. Of_directly, and has. Part_directly. These are described in the accompanying note. Author: Chris Welty </rdfs: comment> </owl: Ontology> <owl: Transitive. Property rdf: ID="part. Of"> <owl: inverse. Of> <owl: Transitive. Property rdf: ID="has. Part"/> </owl: inverse. Of> </owl: Transitive. Property> <owl: Object. Property rdf: ID="has. Part_directly"> <rdfs: sub. Property. Of rdf: resource="#has. Part"/> <owl: inverse. Of> <owl: Object. Property rdf: ID="part. Of_directly"> <rdfs: sub. Property. Of rdf: resource="#part. Of"/> </owl: Object. Property> </owl: inverse. Of> </owl: Object. Property> </rdf: RDF> INLS 520 Erik Mitchell (Chris Welty) </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="More OWL Examples • Airport • Pizza INLS 520 Erik Mitchell " src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-35.jpg" alt="More OWL Examples • Airport • Pizza INLS 520 Erik Mitchell " /> More OWL Examples • Airport • Pizza INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="Next Week(s) • Fall Break – Enjoy • 10/30 – Guest speaker Lorrie Eakin" src="https://present5.com/presentation/352ef94a52f5ccfd9d6eef34267f1326/image-36.jpg" alt="Next Week(s) • Fall Break – Enjoy • 10/30 – Guest speaker Lorrie Eakin" /> Next Week(s) • Fall Break – Enjoy • 10/30 – Guest speaker Lorrie Eakin • 11/6 – First Group presentations INLS 520 Erik Mitchell </p> </div> <div style="width: auto;" class="description columns twelve"><p><img class="imgdescription" title="" src="" alt="" /> </p> </div> </div> <div id="inputform"> <script>$("#inputform").load("https://present5.com/wp-content/plugins/report-content/inc/report-form-aj.php"); 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