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Information, Monitoring & MRV for REDD+ in Indonesia: The UN-REDD Approach Joel Scriven REDD+ Information, Monitoring & MRV for REDD+ in Indonesia: The UN-REDD Approach Joel Scriven REDD+ After Cancun: Moving from Negotiation to Implementation 10 May 2011, Douala

Outline • The UN-REDD Programme • Information, monitoring & MRV • Approach in Indonesia Outline • The UN-REDD Programme • Information, monitoring & MRV • Approach in Indonesia (and generally in Asia Pacific) • Challenges to date

The UN-REDD Programme • Established in 2008 by UNDP, UNEP and FAO – UNFCCC The UN-REDD Programme • Established in 2008 by UNDP, UNEP and FAO – UNFCCC Bali Action Plan • Offers UN Joint Program: Delivering as One UN • Agreed delivery platform with FCPF and FIP • Supports countries to benefit from REDD+ – Facilitate international cooperation; – Support countries through the development of the three REDD+ phases; – Capacity building and strengthening; • FAO: Focus on technical monitoring and MRV aspects

The UN-REDD Programme MRV and Monitoring REDD+ Governance Stakeholder Engagement Multiple Benefits of forests/REDD+ The UN-REDD Programme MRV and Monitoring REDD+ Governance Stakeholder Engagement Multiple Benefits of forests/REDD+ Transparent Equitable Accountable Management of REDD+ Payments REDD+ as Catalyst of Green Economy

The UN-REDD Programme The UN-REDD Programme

Following (& Translating) UNFCCC Decisions • Two UNFCCC Decision texts: – Decision 4/CP. 15 Following (& Translating) UNFCCC Decisions • Two UNFCCC Decision texts: – Decision 4/CP. 15 on methodological guidance for REDD+; – Decision 1/CP. 16 Section II Chap. C on policy approaches for REDD+. • Key points: – Use of International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidance and Guidelines; – System for providing information on REDD+ safeguards (Information); – Set-up of robust and transparent national forest monitoring systems (Monitoring and MRV); – Phased approach (1. Readiness; 2. Demonstration activities; 3. Fully MRV’ed national activities).

REDD+ Safeguards Information System • Parties must develop a system for providing information on REDD+ Safeguards Information System • Parties must develop a system for providing information on how REDD+ safeguards are being addressed and respected throughout the implementation of REDD+ activities: a) Consistent with the objectives of NFPs and international agreements; b) Transparent and effective national forest governance structures; c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and local communities; d) The full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders; e) Consistent with the conservation of natural forests and biological diversity; f) Actions to address the risks of reversals (permanence); g) Actions to reduce displacement of emissions (leakage). • Need to make this information accessible to all stakeholders during all implementation activities (Phases 2 and 3).

Monitoring Systems • In Phase 2 of REDD+: 1. Demonstration Activities Monitoring System: Ensure Monitoring Systems • In Phase 2 of REDD+: 1. Demonstration Activities Monitoring System: Ensure that subnational demonstration activities are results-based (i. e. , result in measureable positive outcomes); 2. Provides basic national coverage data, e. g. , forest cover changes and the location of fires (feeds into REDD+ Safeguards Information System); » E. g. Brazil’s PRODES TERRA-AMAZON 1. In Phase 3 of REDD+: 1. National Performance Monitoring System: Ensures that the implementation of national policies and measures on all the national territory are results-based (for the country to check how successful their policies and measures are and international transparency).

Measurement, Reporting & Verification R M ACTIVITY DATA Satellite land monitoring system x EMISSION Measurement, Reporting & Verification R M ACTIVITY DATA Satellite land monitoring system x EMISSION FACTOR National Forest Inventory 2005 = REDD+ GHG Inventory LULUCF Inventory compilation QA/QC V UNFCCC Secretariat Roster of Experts UNFCCC Emission Inventory Database

REDD+ PHASES Phases & Elements: Bringing it all together. . . Year 2 Year REDD+ PHASES Phases & Elements: Bringing it all together. . . Year 2 Year 3 REDD+ Safeguards Information System Capacity building & development Phase III Results-based demonstration activities Readiness Year 1 INFO, MON & MRV PHASES Phase II Phase I Demonstration Activities Monitoring System SLMS Payments for verified performance Year 4 Year 6 Year 5 REDD+ Safeguards Information System National Performance Monitoring System SLMS: AD NFI: EF GHG-I: CO 2 e MRV System Year 7

Global Significance of Indonesia’s Forests • 3 rd largest tropical forest area, peatlands; high Global Significance of Indonesia’s Forests • 3 rd largest tropical forest area, peatlands; high deforestation rates Hansen et al. , South Dakota State University

Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Follow phases • Phase 1: Readiness – Partnerships Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Follow phases • Phase 1: Readiness – Partnerships (e. g. Norway) – Extensive technical consultations – Develop Action Plan, including institutional arrangements: Build on existing capacities and expertise – Presidential Decree to enact Action Plan – including creation of new institutions and steering committees – Hire and train technical staff

Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Phase 2: Transition, implementation & capacity building • Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Phase 2: Transition, implementation & capacity building • Implementation: – National policies and measures (e. g. , logging moratorium) – Demonstration Activities Monitoring System for subnational pilot activities (e. g. , Central Kalimantan) – REDD+ Safeguards Information System • Capacity building: – SLMS (data and image collection, processing and analysis) – NFI (training of field teams, data management, processing and storage) – REDD+ GHG inventory (standardization of all official data, reporting requirements)

Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Phase 3: Payments for verified performance • Integration Approach to Implementation in Indonesia • Phase 3: Payments for verified performance • Integration of REDD+ with other mitigation actions – Fully operational MRV System to report REDD+ mitigation performance in CO 2 e: Payment linked to performance – REDD+ reporting requirements consistent with NAMAs (paragraphs 60 & 61, 1/CP. 16): • National Communications every four years • Update reports every two years – REDD+ Safeguards Information System (ongoing) – Demonstration Activities Monitoring System National Performance Monitoring System

Challenges • International context – Limited knowledge of negotiation outcomes • Institutional – Gaining Challenges • International context – Limited knowledge of negotiation outcomes • Institutional – Gaining national consensus • Coordination – Of international support – Distribution of tasks • Technical – Communicating and building lasting technical knowledge • Logistical – Extending training across Provinces

Thank you for your attention Contact: joel. scriven@fao. org Thank you for your attention Contact: joel. scriven@fao. org