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Information Management (AIM) Modernization For DATWG By: Brett Brunk Architecture and Planning System Operations Information Management (AIM) Modernization For DATWG By: Brett Brunk Architecture and Planning System Operations - AIM Group Date: March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration

Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, information and technology • Current Activities – Federal NOTAM System initial deployment – SUA • Consolidation of web sites • Information exchange – AIXM 5 AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 2 2

Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, information and technology • Current Activities – Federal NOTAM System initial deployment – SUA • Consolidation of web sites • Information exchange – AIXM 5 AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 3 3

From AIS to AIM as a core ATM enabler • Traditional AIS – AIS From AIS to AIM as a core ATM enabler • Traditional AIS – AIS is a set of paper products and manual processes • Aeronautical Information Management – System to system exchange of aeronautical information – Global interoperability – Integrated data sets – Single entry multiple views • Customer Service (Civil and military) – – – AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Flight planning and briefing Aircraft ATC automation Traffic management Notice to Airmen Federal Aviation Administration 4 4

Global ATM Vision • Provide “a holistic, cooperative and collaborative decision-making environment, where the Global ATM Vision • Provide “a holistic, cooperative and collaborative decision-making environment, where the diverging expectations and interests of all members of the ATM community are balanced to achieve equity and access. ” From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (1. 9. 1) • “Information management provides accredited, quality-assured and timely information used to support ATM operations. ” From ICAO Doc 9854 Global ATM Operational Concept (2. 15) AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 5 5

What does the Global ATM Operational Concept tell us? • Need a move to What does the Global ATM Operational Concept tell us? • Need a move to seamless global air traffic management – Internationally harmonized and globally interoperable ATM system • ATM includes seven capabilities – – – – • Manage airspace Demand capacity balancing Aeronautical operations Traffic synchronization Conflict management Airspace user operations ATM service delivery management AIM/Information Services – Provide the information services necessary to support the seven ATM capabilities AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 6 6

Role of AIM in supporting ATM • Enabling flight operations Aeronautical Common Operating Picture Role of AIM in supporting ATM • Enabling flight operations Aeronautical Common Operating Picture AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 AIM • Provide common operating picture of aeronautical situation – – Monitor quality Control quality Provide information sharing Integrate data (historical, planning and operational) – Provide decision information support Federal Aviation Administration 7 7

What is missing in AIM today? Global ATM capabilities – Manage airspace – Demand What is missing in AIM today? Global ATM capabilities – Manage airspace – Demand capacity balancing – Aerodrome operations – Traffic synchronization – Conflict management – Airspace user operations – ATM service delivery management AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 How should AIM support these ATM capabilities? Federal Aviation Administration 8 8

Supporting all phases of flight AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Supporting all phases of flight AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 9 9

Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, information and technology • Current Activities – Federal NOTAM System initial deployment – SUA • Consolidation of web sites • Information exchange – AIXM 5 AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 10 10

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities Performance System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Business Services Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Information Data Management SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI Standards & Technologies * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 11 11

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities Performance System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Business Services Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Information Data Management SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI Standards & Technologies * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 12 12

Diverse customer community Originators • • Airport operators Forest service Procedure developers Military airfield Diverse customer community Originators • • Airport operators Forest service Procedure developers Military airfield operators • Air Traffic Control AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Customers • • Dispatchers Pilots General Aviation Business Jets Military dispatch Air Traffic Control Federal Aviation Administration 13 13

Product-driven policy Challenges facing AIM Flight Restrictions (Flow constraint rules, SOP, LOA) Weather data Product-driven policy Challenges facing AIM Flight Restrictions (Flow constraint rules, SOP, LOA) Weather data products National (FDC) NOTAM (IAPs, NAVAID, TFR) Regional (Domestic) NOTAM Special Activity Airspace (SAA) Activation (SID, STAR, Airport) Airport Field Conditions (FICONS) AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 14 14

NOTAM User – Lessons Learned* • User Studies – Dispatchers – Pilots – Timeliness, NOTAM User – Lessons Learned* • User Studies – Dispatchers – Pilots – Timeliness, consistency – Single location • Usability issues – Confusing Q-Codes – Cognitive problems with free text – Cognitive problems with UPPERCASE and ABBRV AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 *Kelley Krokos, Ph. D. , American Institutes of Research Florian Jentsch, Ph. D. , University of Central Florida (UCF) Federal Aviation Administration 15 15

Program strategic deliverables Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary Program strategic deliverables Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations • Improve Safety – Timely and accurate distribution of aeronautical information – Capturing and distributing digital aeronautical information • Improve efficiency – Digital capture and delivery – Streamlined information management • International Leadership – “Digital AIM” – ICAO compliance NOTAM Advisories Special Use Airspace Airport Field Conditions SNOWTAMS Flow Constraints • Supporting Next. Gen – Single Authoritative Source (i. e. Common Operating Picture) – Infrastructure for 4 D flight planning, shared situational awareness, … AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 16 16

Expected Benefits • Decrease in incidents where NOTAMs are a contributing factor • Decrease Expected Benefits • Decrease in incidents where NOTAMs are a contributing factor • Decrease data collection and interpretation costs – Approximately $2 M annually for major US carriers • Decrease system operations costs – Approximately $4 M annually for US government • Timely, accurate and complete aeronautical information benefits flight operations – Improvements for controllers and pilot situational awareness AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 17 17

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities Performance System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Business Services Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Information Data Management SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI Standards & Technologies * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 18 18

Example of the legacy AIS challenges NOTAM entry pathways today Airport Military Forest Service Example of the legacy AIS challenges NOTAM entry pathways today Airport Military Forest Service Security Facilities Procedures AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Text Entry Fax Digital Entry Phone System Interface Manual NOTAM Validation Databases Publish Distribution of NOTAM is equally complicated today! Federal Aviation Administration 19 19

New Concept of Operations DATALINK Web AIM Originator Web Page Service (AIXM) Legacy Formats New Concept of Operations DATALINK Web AIM Originator Web Page Service (AIXM) Legacy Formats Web service (AIXM) Accountable Sources Digital Capture (AIXM via templates) AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 AIM Modernization System Validate and Publish by an FAA Authoritative Source Integrated permanent and temporary information Computer readable Electronic distribution to customers Federal Aviation Administration 20 20

Digital capture and delivery Entry AIXM XML Charts Plain Language AIM Modernization – JRC Digital capture and delivery Entry AIXM XML Charts Plain Language AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 21 21

Capability roadmap 2008 2010 2012 2014+ AIM Modernization “Capital Investment Program” Initial Segment 1 Capability roadmap 2008 2010 2012 2014+ AIM Modernization “Capital Investment Program” Initial Segment 1 Final Segment 2 Final Digital NOTAM Concept Development EUROCONTROL x. NOTAM trials FNS 2 Federal NOTAM System (FNS 1) • Tower Lights • TFRs • ICAO • Center NOTAMs • digital • Field Conditions • FDCs Advanced Dynamic Airspace Management (ADAM 1) AIM Common Operating Picture (COP) ADAM 2 • SUA • ALTRV (CARF) • Create Airspace • TFR • ATCAA • digital Next. Gen Common Status and Structure Data (CSSD) • LOA/SOP • Digital flow constraints AIS-Modernization (AIS-M) • briefing AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 • flight planning submission Federal Aviation Administration 22 22

Strategic Plan Technical Policy - Future Systems - SWIM compliance - Legacy support - Strategic Plan Technical Policy - Future Systems - SWIM compliance - Legacy support - ICAO compliance - Digital capture and delivery AIM Modernization Outreach - Education - Human factors analysis - Stakeholder working group AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Safety - Minimize stakeholder impacts - System transitions Federal Aviation Administration 23 23

Monday – 28 January 2008 0500 UTC AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Monday – 28 January 2008 0500 UTC AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 24 24

Federal Aviation Administration NAV CANADA – FAA ICAO NOTAM Harmonization By: Charles Montgomery NAV Federal Aviation Administration NAV CANADA – FAA ICAO NOTAM Harmonization By: Charles Montgomery NAV CANADA Director, AIS & Flight Operations Barry Davis, FAA Manager, Aeronautical Information Management Date: Management Confidential

FAA-NAV CANADA Workgroup Objectives…… • Work together to achieve seamless ICAO NOTAMs between both FAA-NAV CANADA Workgroup Objectives…… • Work together to achieve seamless ICAO NOTAMs between both states • Facilitate a modernization movement from legacy NOTAMs to ICAO formatted NOTAMs • Enable the transition to digital NOTAMs • Use AIXM technology (version 5 and beyond) AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 26 26

Joint System Harmonization • • • Direct entry by NOTAM authority ICAO NOTAM format Joint System Harmonization • • • Direct entry by NOTAM authority ICAO NOTAM format for both states Common Series to be used by both states Automation for upfront quality checks Continue legacy system support Transition activities required AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 27 27

ICAO NOTAM Series/1 • • Series A – Aerodrome/Movement or Landing Area Series B ICAO NOTAM Series/1 • • Series A – Aerodrome/Movement or Landing Area Series B – ATC Facilities and Services Series C – Special Use Airspace Series D – Obstruction Series E – Airspace NOTAMs Series F – 2 nd Language Translations (e. g. , French) Series G – GNSS NOTAMs (GPS, WAAS, LAAS) Series H – Chart Corrections AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 28 28

ICAO NOTAM Series/2 • Series J – Special Notices and Advisories • Series L ICAO NOTAM Series/2 • Series J – Special Notices and Advisories • Series L – Limited Distribution NOTAMs • Series M – Military • • Series N – NAVAID NOTAMs Series O – Other Aeronautical Information Series P – Procedural Series V – Military Procedures Series W – Database Corrections Series Y – Test NOTAMs Series Z – Airway NOTAMs AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 29 29

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities Performance System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Business Services Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Information Data Management SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI Standards & Technologies * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 30 30

Digital Aeronautical Information Digital NOTAM AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Digital Aeronautical Information Digital NOTAM AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 31 31

Aeronautical Information Exchange Model Enabling AIM Modernization • Complete data model (Airport AC 150/5300 Aeronautical Information Exchange Model Enabling AIM Modernization • Complete data model (Airport AC 150/5300 -18 B) Provides globally applicable conceptual model and exchange format for aeronautical information Models temporality Accommodates ICAO standards and recommendations: Annex 4 and 15 Others… Accommodates industry requirements: ARINC 424/EUROCAE ED-99/RTCA DO-272 Uses XML and GML Is modular and extendable More information at www. aixm. aero AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 • OGC GML 3. 2 Compliant • Static and dynamic data • Common meanings and definitions • Eliminate free form text Federal Aviation Administration 32 32

Web Site www. aixm. aero • Design Documents • Model Details • AIXM 5 Web Site www. aixm. aero • Design Documents • Model Details • AIXM 5 Forum • Digital NOTAM AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 33 33

The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services The AIM Modernization Concept Provide a ‘one stop shop’ for the aeronautical information services necessary for flight operations Full Flight Plan On-Demand NAS Flight data management 4 D Trajectory Airspace Status Situational Awareness Enabling Next. Gen Capabilities Performance System Operations En Route Aircraft Terminal Global ATM Operations System Forecast Planning Performance NAS ATM Support Services Common Operating Picture for Aeronautical Information Airport Evaluation Airspace Design Geodectics Surface Evaluation Charting Business Services Core Aeronautical Information Services Collect Evaluate Distribute Information Data Management SWIM, Data. Comm, FTI Standards & Technologies * Requirement to be validated and/or reallocated AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 34 34

Federal NOTAM System SWIM architecture NOTAM/CARF Origination Collection NOTAM/CARF Processing Users NOTAM/CARF Distribution FAA Federal NOTAM System SWIM architecture NOTAM/CARF Origination Collection NOTAM/CARF Processing Users NOTAM/CARF Distribution FAA Facilities DOD User entry User query CARF/NOTAM Users FNS Airports External Systems System to System External Systems Service Bus AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 35 35

System Architecture • Open Geospatial Consortium compliant – GML, WFS, WMS • AIXM • System Architecture • Open Geospatial Consortium compliant – GML, WFS, WMS • AIXM • SWIM Web Services – SOAP, XML • Extensible and Modular AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 36 36

Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, Topics • Vision for Aeronautical Information Management • AIM Modernization Architecture – Performance, business, information and technology • Current Activities – Federal NOTAM System initial deployment – SUA • Consolidation of web sites • Information exchange – AIXM 5 AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 37 37

Federal NOTAM System 2009 operational demonstrations 2008 2010 2012 2014+ Federal NOTAM System (FNS Federal NOTAM System 2009 operational demonstrations 2008 2010 2012 2014+ Federal NOTAM System (FNS 1) • Digital Entry Tower Operators and Airports – AIXM Event Specifications – SNOW, Runways and Obstacles System and Web Interfaces Digital NOTAM Entry • Web site concepts – Airport NOTAM summary – NOTAM queries • Concept validation US NOTAM System Database of Record – Technology, Policy, Safety and Outreach • Field studies • Limited deployment demonstrations AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 NOTAM Query and NOTAM Summary Legacy Users Digital Consumers Federal Aviation Administration 38 38

Direct NOTAM entry at Denver Airport • Safety risk analysis identified no significant hazards Direct NOTAM entry at Denver Airport • Safety risk analysis identified no significant hazards associated with direct entry at Denver Airport • NOTAM coordination with local ATC facilities • Training and compliance with policies and advisory circulars AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 39 39

Digital NOTAM Capture Demo notamdemo. aim. nas. faa. gov AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing Digital NOTAM Capture Demo notamdemo. aim. nas. faa. gov AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 40 40

Field Summary Demo notams. aim. faa. gov AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Field Summary Demo notams. aim. faa. gov AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 41 41

System to System NOTAM Entry “Lights Out” Entry • • Sample Airport Entry “Lights System to System NOTAM Entry “Lights Out” Entry • • Sample Airport Entry “Lights out” NOTAM Capture (42% of all NOTAMs, 75% of D NOTAMs) Nav. Aid Capture Procedures Capture Airports Capture – Electronic System Interface Capture for large airports (SWIM compliant web services) – Web Capture as backup and other airports AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 42 42

TFR and SUA web site merge • One stop shop • Situational awareness issues TFR and SUA web site merge • One stop shop • Situational awareness issues • Explore concepts for spatial-temporal representation of aeronautical information TFR. FAA. GOV AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 SUA. FAA. GOV Federal Aviation Administration 43 43

SUA Information Exchange • • • Improve scheduling Information dissemination SWIM Service Oriented Architecture SUA Information Exchange • • • Improve scheduling Information dissemination SWIM Service Oriented Architecture NASR SAMS ERAM Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) DOD • • Single authoritative sources Eliminate manual entries AIXM-compliant Consistent with AIM Modernization and Federal NOTAM System! AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 44 44

AIXM/WXXM Conference • AIXM 5 Information • Results of the OGC test bed – AIXM/WXXM Conference • AIXM 5 Information • Results of the OGC test bed – Demonstration of AIXM to the cockpit • Keynote speakers – – David Lewtas, ICAO Vicki Cox, FAA VP (Next. Gen) Ken Reid (Eurocontrol) Many others! • Vendor booths May 12 -14, 2009 Washington DC Register at www. aixm. aero AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 45 45

DOD Coordination • The Value Proposition – Well-established standards for accessing aeronautical data – DOD Coordination • The Value Proposition – Well-established standards for accessing aeronautical data – Digital data access – Timeliness and quality improvements • For your consideration – – Transition from analog to digital products Network enabled operations (SWIM) Security and Access Transition to military systems Acknowledgements: DOD NOTAM office NGA US AF AMC AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 46 46

Conclusions and Questions • AIM is about – Digital capture and delivery of aeronautical Conclusions and Questions • AIM is about – Digital capture and delivery of aeronautical information – Timely and high quality access to information for all customers – Information necessary to support future ATM • AIM Modernization – Customer focus – System designed for interoperability • Key short term initiatives – Federal NOTAM System trials – Denver – SUA – AIXM Conference – May 12 -14 AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 47 47

Thank you • Information on AIM modernization – – Nfdc. faa. gov/aimnews www. aixm. Thank you • Information on AIM modernization – – Nfdc. faa. gov/aimnews www. aixm. aero Notams. aim. faa. gov Notamdemo. aim. nas. faa. gov • Contacts – Brett Brunk • AIM Architecture and Planning • Brett. [email protected] gov – Barry C Davis • Manager of AIM • Barry. C. [email protected] gov AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 48 48

Benefits for customers Provide new digital capabilities while maintaining legacy support Federal NOTAM System Benefits for customers Provide new digital capabilities while maintaining legacy support Federal NOTAM System Format Traditional (Legacy) ICAO Digital (AIXM) RWY 4/22 CLSD EXC TAXI QMRLC… A) B) C) D) E) F) Benefit Faster Standardized Terms Some filtering Graphical Data fusion Advanced filtering Computer readable End Date Approx. 2015 Following ICAO SARPS AIM Modernization – JRC Briefing March 2009 Federal Aviation Administration 49 49