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Informal Commands WALK! SLEEP! EAT! Informal Commands WALK! SLEEP! EAT!

In Spanish… • When we want to tell a friend to do something we In Spanish… • When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… • ¡Come! – EAT! • ¡Camina!- WALK! • ¡Duerme!- SLEEP! What looks familiar about these endings?

Positive Commands • There are both affirmative (Do it) and negative commands (Don’t do Positive Commands • There are both affirmative (Do it) and negative commands (Don’t do it). • Lets begin with the do’s (positive tú commands) To state the do’s of most verbs, drop the –s ending of the verb. STATEMENT COMMAND (tú) caminas ¡Camina! Walk! (tú) comes ¡Come! Eat! (tú) duermes ¡Duerme! Sleep!

Negative Commands • To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands – Switch the –as Negative Commands • To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands – Switch the –as ending to –es and the –es endings to –as… BUT start with the YO form, drop the “o” and then add the opposite ending of the tu form. STATEMENT (tú) COMMAND fumas (yo fumo) ¡No fumes! corres (yo corro) ¡No corras! duermes(yo duermo) ¡No duermas! traes (yo traigo) ¡No lo traigas! Don’t smoke! Don’t run! Don’t sleep! Don’t bring it!

Verbs with spelling changes… There are several verbs that change spelling when made into Verbs with spelling changes… There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound… 1. Jugar- ¡No juegues! - g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound 2. Verbs ending in –car like Practicar - ¡No practiques! -c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound

Let’s work on negative commands… • These next verbs have spell changes… – Either Let’s work on negative commands… • These next verbs have spell changes… – Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que Don’t play in the house! - Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas - Change –as to –es and remember spelling change!= juegues ¡No juegues en la casa!

Pronouns with commands • With affirmative commands, ATTACH the pronoun to the command. • Pronouns with commands • With affirmative commands, ATTACH the pronoun to the command. • Ex: Buy it today. Cómpralo hoy. • Ex: Wash your face. Lávate la cara.

Pronouns with commands • With negative commands, the pronoun is placed in front of Pronouns with commands • With negative commands, the pronoun is placed in front of the verb. • Ex: Don’t buy it now. • No lo compres ahora. • Ex: Don’t wash your face with that soap. No te laves la cara con ese jabón.

Irregular TU commands Venir Decir Salir Hacer Tener Ir Poner Ser No No vengas Irregular TU commands Venir Decir Salir Hacer Tener Ir Poner Ser No No vengas digas salgas hagas tengas vayas pongas seas

Practica de los irregulares • Go home. • Ve a tu casa. • Put Practica de los irregulares • Go home. • Ve a tu casa. • Put it here. • Ponlo aquí. • Leave at 1: 00. • Sal a la una. • Don’t be goofy. • No seas tonto. • Don’t tell me that. • No me digas eso. • Don’t do that. • Hagas eso.