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Indirect Objects Indirect Objects

Let’s Review… The Direct Object answers the question WHO or WHAT after the verb. Let’s Review… The Direct Object answers the question WHO or WHAT after the verb. When we identify the Direct Object we can replace it with a pronoun. The pronoun can be placed in the following locations: 1. Before the conjugated verb 2. Attached to an infinitive verb 3. Attached to the progressive

WHAT IS An INDIRECT OBJECT? The indirect object tells us WHO the direct object WHAT IS An INDIRECT OBJECT? The indirect object tells us WHO the direct object goes to. ¿Qué? For example, in the sentence: “He gives the book to María. ” The direct object is BOOK, and the indirect object is María.

Let’s label some sentences. . . Label the SUBJECT, VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and INDIRECT Let’s label some sentences. . . Label the SUBJECT, VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and INDIRECT OBJECT. Johnny gives his dog a bone. SUBJECT VERB I. D. O. Johnny gives a bone to his dog. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. Johnny gives his dog to the SPCA SUBJECT VERB I sing often. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. SOME SENTENCES HAVE NO INDIRECT OBJECT!

Let’s do some more…You find the INDIRECT OBJECT I give a lecture to the Let’s do some more…You find the INDIRECT OBJECT I give a lecture to the kids. We give the bill to Laura. You have to tell the price to us. Raul gave Eva the flowers. Señor Rudis showed us the power point. Mom serves enchiladas to her guests. Ricky Martin gave the CD to my friends.

You try these… Mis amigos dan dinero a mis padres. SUBJECT VERB D. O. You try these… Mis amigos dan dinero a mis padres. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. El perro de Leonardo juega béisbol SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. conmigo. (with me) Su profesor de español enseña mucha gramatica a los alumnos. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. Nosotros hacemos, para las chicas bellas, un SUBJECT I. D. O. pastel. VERB

Indirect Object Pronouns What is the problem with the following sentences? I bought my Indirect Object Pronouns What is the problem with the following sentences? I bought my friends a pizza. I go to the movies with my friends. THEM I play baseball with my friends. THEM I have many classes with my friends. THEM TOO MANY FRIENDS!!!! What should we do? . USE A PRONOUN!!!

Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish me te le nos os les How do they Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish me te le nos os les How do they work? 1. Identify the Indirect Object of the sentence. 2. Choose what pronoun to use 3. Eliminate the I. D. O. and replace with the pronoun. Roberto hace una pizza para nosotros nos .

Where do we place the pronoun? 1. Before the conjugated verb. Voy a dar Where do we place the pronoun? 1. Before the conjugated verb. Voy a dar el disco a mi novia……… Yo le voy a dar el disco. 2. Attached to an infinitive. Voy a dar el disco a mi novia……. . Voy a darle el disco. 3. Attached to progressive (requires an accent). Yo estoy dando el disco a mi novia. ……. . Yo estoy dándole el disco.

You try these. Re-write with a pronoun. 1. I sing for my parents. Yo You try these. Re-write with a pronoun. 1. I sing for my parents. Yo les canto. 2. We have to make coffee for our favorite Spanish teacher. Tenemos que hacerle el Le tenemos que hacer el c café. have to make dinner for your dumb, ungrateful family. 3. You Tú le tienes que hacer la cena. Le tienes que hacer la 4. Tú compras la television para mí. cena. Tú me compras la televisión. 5. Yo voy a dar un beso a todas las chicas feas y bonitas. Les voy a dar un Voy a darles un

Double Object Pronouns IDOPs (indirect object pronouns) and DOPs (direct object pronouns) Double Object Pronouns IDOPs (indirect object pronouns) and DOPs (direct object pronouns)

Reglas Some verbs can have a direct object and an indirect object Always use Reglas Some verbs can have a direct object and an indirect object Always use an IDOP when there is an indirect object La mesera nos trajo (a Juan y a mí) el pollo asado.

¡Vamos a practicar! [Recipient: you] ¿ ___ enviaron tus padres dinero también? ¿ Te ¡Vamos a practicar! [Recipient: you] ¿ ___ enviaron tus padres dinero también? ¿ Te enviaron tus padres dinero también? What if there is more than one of “you” ? ¿ Les enviaron sus padres dinero también? Use the “Uds. ” form!

Double trouble. In all of the examples, there are two objects. That is, someone Double trouble. In all of the examples, there are two objects. That is, someone is giving something to someone. The something is the direct object and the someone (the recipient) is the indirect object).

Say what? Look at the examples and identify the objects: The teacher gave you Say what? Look at the examples and identify the objects: The teacher gave you an A. – Recipient: you – Thing received: an A Bill Gates sent me a million dollars. – Recipient: me – Thing received: a million dollars My parents bought my little sister a used car. – Recipient: my little sister – Thing received: a used car

Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be used together in the same sentence Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be used together in the same sentence just as in English. As with most all pronoun use, the objective is to reduce the length, complexity, or redundancy of the language. IOP Julián, ¿me traes la película? Julián, will you bring me the movie? DOP Te la traigo en un momento. I’ll bring it to you in a moment. As with all object pronouns, double object pronouns are placed before a conjugated verb, and the indirect object pronoun (IOP) precedes the direct object pronoun (DOP).

Double objects We can simplify each sentence if we already know what the objects Double objects We can simplify each sentence if we already know what the objects refer to. Look at this passage: My little sister got a new apartment across town, but there is no bus service. She saw a used car she liked a lot, but she didn’t have a lot of money. My parents bought it for her.

Let’s take a closer look: My parents bought it for her. The expression in Let’s take a closer look: My parents bought it for her. The expression in red is the indirect object (the recipient) and the word in yellow is the direct object. Both are pronouns.

What about in Spanish? We can do the same thing in Spanish: Tengo que What about in Spanish? We can do the same thing in Spanish: Tengo que comprar un libro para la clase de historia, pero no tengo dinero. Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union. – Recipient: me – Thing received: lo (el dinero)

se lo, se la, se los, se las I threw the ball to you. se lo, se la, se los, se las I threw the ball to you. it to you. Yo te lo el. balón. tiré You threw the ball to me. it to me. Le and les must change to se before lo, la, los or las. Tú me tiraste el. balón. lo I threw the ball to him. it to him. Yo se lo el. balón. le tiré You can’t “le lo” in Spanish! The context of the situation or the previous statement or question will clarify the meaning of se. Notice the following slide.

L+L=S+L No, it’s not algebra class! There is a special rule about double object L+L=S+L No, it’s not algebra class! There is a special rule about double object pronouns that you will need to know: if a sentence has two objects that both start with L, the first one changes to SE.

se lo, se la, se los, se las ¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita? se lo, se la, se los, se las ¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita? Will you lend Lupita the money? No, no se lo presto. Es mucho dinero. No, I won’t lend it to her. It’s a lot of money. Queremos comprarles los juguetes a los niños, ¿no? We want to buy the toys for the children, right? Sí, vamos a comprárselos mañana. Yes, we’ll buy them for them tomorrow.

I do! Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union. Note that I do! Mis padres me lo van a enviar por Western Union. Note that the indirect object precedes the direct object. Think “indirect, direct object”: I DO.

The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la me los, me las nos lo, nos la nos los, nos las te lo, te la te los, te las os lo, os la os los, os las se lo, se la se los, se las

Reglas When using DOPs and IDOPs, the order is… – IDOP + DOP…always – Reglas When using DOPs and IDOPs, the order is… – IDOP + DOP…always – Remember “I DO” – or…. “ 123 IDV” 2 L’s = 1 st changes to SE ¿Le dejaste la propina a la mesera? Sí, ya se la dejé.

Práctica She asked her for them. (strawberries). Ella se las pidió. We served you Práctica She asked her for them. (strawberries). Ella se las pidió. We served you it. (steak with onions). Nosotros te lo servimos. I recommend them to you all. (tea and flan). Yo se los recomiendo.

¡Ya está! To summarize, here are the four forms you will need: Subject yo ¡Ya está! To summarize, here are the four forms you will need: Subject yo tú él ella Ud. nosotros ellas Reflexive me te se se se nos se se Direct object me te lo la lo, la nos las Indirect object me te le le le nos les