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INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN means the design of products, environments, INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING in the Educational Environment UNIVERSAL DESIGN means the design of products, environments, programs and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. "Universal design" shall not exclude assistive devices for particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed. [Art. 2, UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 1

REALISTICALLY ACHIEVABLE VISION WHAT WILL BE BEST? (from the perspective of the accessibility and REALISTICALLY ACHIEVABLE VISION WHAT WILL BE BEST? (from the perspective of the accessibility and disability communities) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 2

BEST WILL BE… the Publishing Industry Delivers Accessible Content itself (Inclusive Publishing) if so, BEST WILL BE… the Publishing Industry Delivers Accessible Content itself (Inclusive Publishing) if so, there is a need for publishing standards and processes that allow publishers to create, distribute, and sell accessible material easily = Strategy of the DAISY Consortium [http: /www. daisy. org/mission] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 3

ACCESSIBILITY AND THE PUBLISHING ECOSYSTEM Accessibility calls for the interoperability of Content (i. e. ACCESSIBILITY AND THE PUBLISHING ECOSYSTEM Accessibility calls for the interoperability of Content (i. e. books or documents of any kind) ► Rendering Technologies (Internet, reading systems) ► Distribution Channels (portals, downloads) ► Assistive Technologies (screen reader, Braille displays, other ► alternative entry and controlling systems / devices) ► Consumers (able/enabled to use the technologies) If one of those fails, accessibility fails Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 4

ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (I) NAVIGABILITY Orient oneself in the book / document logical ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (I) NAVIGABILITY Orient oneself in the book / document logical reading order, header hierarchy, sections, paragraphs, pagination, footnotes, annotations, side notes, marginal notes, embedded text boxes etc. Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 5

ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (II) SYNCHRONIZAD PERCEPTION CHANNELS Reading with Eyes, Ears, Fingers pending ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (II) SYNCHRONIZAD PERCEPTION CHANNELS Reading with Eyes, Ears, Fingers pending on the abilities / disabilities content is read and further processed by using different perception channels or combining them (blindness, low vision, deafness, hard of hearing, dyslexia, physical or mental handicaps etc. ) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 6

ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (III) Machine-Readability Text-to-speech technology cannot read IMAGES Bernhard Heinser b. ACCESSIBLE CONTENT KEY REQUIREMENTS (III) Machine-Readability Text-to-speech technology cannot read IMAGES Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 7

SCIENTIFIC CONTENT FORMULAS Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation SCIENTIFIC CONTENT FORMULAS Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 8

ACCESSIBLE CONTENT VIABLE DEFINITION Books or documents of any kind (including educational material and ACCESSIBLE CONTENT VIABLE DEFINITION Books or documents of any kind (including educational material and textbooks) as fully integrated synchronized and navigable electronic multimedia products (= e. Books) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 9

Oh, my God…. . . how can we as Publishers meet all these requirements? Oh, my God…. . . how can we as Publishers meet all these requirements? . . . how much will it cost? . . . what are our benefits? . . . is there a market? . . . what is the business model? Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 10

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (I) ► 10% to 15% of the population with special needs / GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (I) ► 10% to 15% of the population with special needs / disabilities (WHO) ► Demographic change / aging populations with corresponding limited abilities ► Rapidly growing global ICT penetration – not one area of life that is not affected (Education, Formation, Professional Life, e. Services, e. Learning Platforms, Entertainment, Social Media, Internet, TV, Multimedia, etc. ) ► Multiple distribution channels for content consumed on many different devices with different properties Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 11

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (II) ► Corporate Social Identity (the industry’s social responsibility) ► Inclusive Education GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS (II) ► Corporate Social Identity (the industry’s social responsibility) ► Inclusive Education (students with special needs / disabilities ► More regulatory measures (public procurements, accessible are educated in “normal” classes vs. in “special schools”) e. Book readers in the schools, accessible learning material) High Level Principles / Guidelines UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [http: //www. un. org/disabilities/default. asp? navid=14&pid=150] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 12

WIN-WIN SITUATION KILL TWO BIRDS WITH ONE STONE 1. Adapt to the e. Book WIN-WIN SITUATION KILL TWO BIRDS WITH ONE STONE 1. Adapt to the e. Book market by ► rethinking the production workflows [recommended is XML-first ► produce one source file [generate multiple output formats from it, using workflow] multiple distribution channels for multiple rendering tools] 2. Aim for and include built-in accessibility ► consider the accessibility aspects from the start Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 13

RE-USABLE CONTENT Create re-usable content (simply said: create one output-agnostic source file from which RE-USABLE CONTENT Create re-usable content (simply said: create one output-agnostic source file from which many output formats can be generated in automated conversion processes) “For years I’ve been telling that in order to build e-books we need content that is re-usable. Many editors and publishers are still thinking about paper books and don’t think about the fact that they are producing content that can be scalable and used on other devices. ” [Luc Audrain, Hachette Livre, 2012] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 14

WHERE TO START - STRATEGICALLY? ► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers WHERE TO START - STRATEGICALLY? ► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers [http: //www. editeur. org/109/Enabling-Technologies-Framework. Guidelines/] Make the Inclusive Publishing a top priority at the senior management level of the company [appoint an internal responsible for accessibility concerns] ► Build up partnerships with agencies specialized in providing accessible material (libraries for the blind, service centres for disabled students etc. ) ► Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 15

WHERE TO START - TECHNICALLY? EPUB 3 STANDARD Supports natively accessibility key requirements built-in WHERE TO START - TECHNICALLY? EPUB 3 STANDARD Supports natively accessibility key requirements built-in accessibility Open worldwide de facto standard for e. Books XML based – XHTML 5 – HTML 5 Developed and maintained by the International Publishing Forum (IDPF), not-for-profit [http: //idpf. org/] In close collaboration with the Inclusive Publishing - focused community (DAISY Consortium) [http: //www. daisy. org/] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 16

EPUB 3 SUPPORTS Navigability ► Synchronization of Perception Channels (“Media ► Overlays” [text, audio, EPUB 3 SUPPORTS Navigability ► Synchronization of Perception Channels (“Media ► Overlays” [text, audio, video]) Reflowability (automatic adaption to screen sizes) ► Global Language Support (worldwide adoption) ► Math. ML (scientific content) ► Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) ► Online – Offline Reading ► Rich and flexible meta data management ► Fixed Layout [http: //idpf. org/epub/fxl/] ► Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 17

DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (I)? O‘Reilly’ publications http: DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (I)? O‘Reilly’ publications http: //shop. oreilly. com/ “Best Practices” (February 2013) EPUB Forums: http: //idpf. org/forums ► EPUB Accessibility Forum: http: //idpf. org/forums/epub-accessibility ► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines: http: //idpf. org/accessibility/guidelines/ ► Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 18

DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (II)? EPUB 3 Samples DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (II)? EPUB 3 Samples http: //code. google. com/p/epub-samples/ Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 19

DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (III)? Reading Systems ► DO YOU WANT TO KN 0 W MORE ABOUT IT (III)? Reading Systems ► READIUM (reader, reference implementation, developed by IDPF ► READIUM (now on Chrome Web Store) ► Book Industry Study Group (BISG) develops / maintains the EPUB 3 Support Grid [http: //www. bisg. org/what-we-do-16 -152 - [http: //readium. org/] [http: //readium. org/news/readium-now-on-chrome-web-store] epub-3 -support-grid. php] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 20

SPECIAL ATTENTION TO BE PAID TO NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS images, graphs, animations, videos Bernhard Heinser SPECIAL ATTENTION TO BE PAID TO NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS images, graphs, animations, videos Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 21

NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (I) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (I) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 22

NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (II) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (II) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 23

NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (III) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation NON-TEXTUAL ELEMENTS (III) Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 24

IMAGE DESCRIPTIONS / DIAGRAM-PROJECT [http: //diagramcenter. org/about. html] ► The DIAGRAM Center […] to IMAGE DESCRIPTIONS / DIAGRAM-PROJECT [http: //diagramcenter. org/about. html] ► The DIAGRAM Center […] to make it easier, faster, and more cost effective to create and use accessible images so that students with print disabilities have timely access to the information they need ► The Project Partners: Benetech [http: //www. benetech. org], National Center for Accessible Media, [http: //ncam. wgbh. org/], DAISY Consortium [http: //www, daisy. org] ► The DIAGRAM Content Model [http: //diagramcenter. org/development/content-model. html ] ► TOBI: authoring tool that supports the DIAGRAM content model [http: //www. daisy. org/tobi] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 25

ACCESSIBILITY DESCRIPTION META DATA - ONIX The ONIX Standard contains meta data for the ACCESSIBILITY DESCRIPTION META DATA - ONIX The ONIX Standard contains meta data for the description of Accessibility List 196 E-publication Accessibility Details [http: //www. editeur. org/files/ONIX%20 for%20 books%20%20 code%20 lists/ONIX_Book. Product_Code. Lists_Issue_19. html ] Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 26

THE PATH TO INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING ► Focus on EPUB 3 ► Assume Social Responsibility THE PATH TO INCLUSIVE PUBLISHING ► Focus on EPUB 3 ► Assume Social Responsibility - Make Accessibility a top Priority (in your company) ► Think of Image Descriptions (non-textual elements) ► Build up Partnerships (organizations that can make your e. Books more accessible / access-enhancements) ► Add Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Accessibility Meta Data (to your products) Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 27

RESOURCES (I) Inclusive Publishing ► UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; RESOURCES (I) Inclusive Publishing ► UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; high level principles for Inclusion: http: //www. un. org/disabilities/default. asp? navid=14&pid=150#accessible_pdf ► Accessible Publishing - Best Practice Guidelines for Publishers (in English, German, French, Japanese, Spanish, Italian). Those Guidelines have been endorsed by The International Publishers Association, the Federation of European Publishers, and the International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers: [www. editeur. org/109/Enabling-Technologies. Framework-Guidelines/] Basic References ► International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF): www. idpf. org ► DAISY Consortium: www. daisy. org ► Strategy of the DAISY Consortium: http: /www. daisy. org/mission Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 28

RESOURCES (II) ► ► EPUB 3 specifications (2011): www. idpf. org/epub = DAISY distribution RESOURCES (II) ► ► EPUB 3 specifications (2011): www. idpf. org/epub = DAISY distribution standard DAISY(4) authoring specification (2012): Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification, ANSI/NISO Z 39. 98 -2012: www. daisy. org/z 3998/2012/z 3998 -2012. html. Image Description: DIAGRAM Project: www. diagramcenter. org/about. html Accessibility Metadata: www. editeur. org/files/ONIX%20 for%20 books%20%20 code%20 lists/ONIX_Book. Product_Code. Lists_Issue_19. html Handbooks Garrish, Matt: What is EPUB 3 (1 st Edition), 2011, O’Reilly Media ► Garrish, Matt: Accessible EPUB 3 (1 st edition), 2012, O’Reilly Media ► Garrish, Matt, Gylling Markus: EPUB 3, Best Practices, February 2013, O’Reilly Media All available at: http: //search. oreilly. com/? q=garrish%2 C+matt&x=60&y=9 ► Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 29

RESOURCES (III) Further Information Sources ► EPUB Forums (general): http: //idpf. org/forums ► EPUB RESOURCES (III) Further Information Sources ► EPUB Forums (general): http: //idpf. org/forums ► EPUB Accessibility Forum: http: //idpf. org/forums/epub-accessibility ► EPUB Accessibility Guidelines (technical-oriented, including sample code): http: //idpf. org/accessibility/guidelines/ EPUB 3 Samples ► EPUB samples for download / browsing source codes http: //code. google. com/p/epub-samples ► Dante‘s Comedy (example, including Media Overlay with human narration, video): http: //www. smuuks. it/index. php/en/projects/divinecomedy-read-prof-lino-pertile Reading System (EPUB 3) ► READIUM Reference Implementation (IDPF): http: //www. raedium. org Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 30

RESOURCES (IV) ► READIUM on Chrome Web Store: http: //readium. org/news/readium-now- ► Books Industry RESOURCES (IV) ► READIUM on Chrome Web Store: http: //readium. org/news/readium-now- ► Books Industry Study Group (BISG): EPUB 3 Grid: on-chrome-web-store http: //www. bisg. org/what-we-do-16 -152 -epub-3 -support-grid. php Other Helpful Resource ► EPUB Resources: “A comprehensive (OK, probably not) list of EPUB devices, tools, and applications. Items marked with [EPUB 3] claim to provide some level of support for EPUB 3. ”: http: //epubtest. com/resources. php Tools developed by the DAISY Consortium ► PIPELINE 1 (multi-format converter); cross-platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free): http: //www. daisy. org/pipeline Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 31

RESOURCES (V) ► PIPELINE 2 (multi-format conversion, under development); cross- platform, open source transformation RESOURCES (V) ► PIPELINE 2 (multi-format conversion, under development); cross- platform, open source transformation framework for creating DTB-based documents from DTBook or XHTML documents - (free), supports EPUB 3: http: //sourceforge. net/projects/daisymfc TOBI (authoring tool for DAISY and EPUB 3, including support for the DIAGRAM object model, open source, free): http: //www. daisy. org/tobi ► OBI (DAISY 3 audio production tool): http: //www. daisy. org/project/obi ► Other DAISY 3 / 2 authoring tools ► Save As DAISY add-in for Microsoft Word (supports Math. ML): http: //www. daisy. org/project/save-as-daisy-microsoft-word-add-in ► odt 2 daisy - Open. Office. org Writer Extension (supports Math. ML): http: //odt 2 daisy. sourceforge. net/ Bernhard Heinser b. heinser@sbs. ch Universal Design for Digital Document Creation and Publication Dublin, 29 November 2012 32