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Implementation of international standards & techniques in transition economies Mike. Doran@bluewin. ch Chairman, UN/CEFACT Implementation of international standards & techniques in transition economies Mike. [email protected] ch Chairman, UN/CEFACT Forum Management Group 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 1

Mandate “UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business supports activities dedicated to improving Mandate “UN Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business supports activities dedicated to improving the ability of business, trade and administrative organizations, from developed, developing and transitional economies, to exchange products and relevant services effectively. ” UN UN/ECOSOC UN/ECE UN/CEFACT 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 2

Mission UN/CEFACT’s Mission is to develop: Simple, Transparent & Effective Processes For Global Business, Mission UN/CEFACT’s Mission is to develop: Simple, Transparent & Effective Processes For Global Business, through the development of: Trade Facilitation Recommendations & E-Business Standards UN/CEFACT has a Global Mandate Participation in the UN/CEFACT Forum is open to all United Nations Member states. There are some 300 experts representing every region in the World 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 3

Trade Facilitation Strategy • UN/CEFACT takes a holistic approach to the International Trade Transaction Trade Facilitation Strategy • UN/CEFACT takes a holistic approach to the International Trade Transaction Process • Identifies ways to identify & eliminate regulatory & procedural barriers to trade through international best practices that cut red tape and reduce delays within and between countries & enhances predictability • Develops Trade Facilitation Recommendations & e. Business Standards • Develops Capacity Building Programmes on trade facilitation implementation 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 4

e. Business Strategy Based on: • Cross-sectoral analysis (to promote interoperability & supply chain e. Business Strategy Based on: • Cross-sectoral analysis (to promote interoperability & supply chain synchronicity) • Business process and information modeling (to capture user requirements, independent of any specific technology) • New technologies as they emerge (e. g. , e. Xtensible Markup language (XML), web. Services, …) • International standards for enabling e-business development • Disseminating results in an efficient way 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 5

International Trade Transaction Process Intermediary Buyer BUY SHIP PAY Seller Authority The International Trade International Trade Transaction Process Intermediary Buyer BUY SHIP PAY Seller Authority The International Trade Transaction Process consists ofof International Supply Chains consist of integrated and integrated & coordinated flows of information, goods & payments Source: UN/CEFACT International Supply Chain Reference Model 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 6

International Trade Transaction Process BUY Prepare for Export PAY SHIP Export Transport Prepare for International Trade Transaction Process BUY Prepare for Export PAY SHIP Export Transport Prepare for Import INVOLVES Commercial Procedures • • • Transport Procedures Establish Contract Order Goods Advise On Delivery Request Payment Packing Inspection Certification Accreditation Warehousing • Establish Transport Contract • Collect, Transport and Deliver Goods • Provide Waybills, Goods Receipts Status reports etc. 27 October 2009 Regulatory Procedures Financial Procedures • Obtain Import/Export Licences etc • Provide Customs Declarations • Provide Cargo Declaration • Apply Trade Security Procedures • Clear Goods for Export/Import • Provide Credit Rating • Provide Insurance • Provide Finance • Execute Payment • Issue Statements Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva Source: The UN/CEFACT International Supply Chain Reference Model 7

Rec: 19 Mode of Transport Rec: 16 UN/Locode ISO Country Code Rec: 17 Payment Rec: 19 Mode of Transport Rec: 16 UN/Locode ISO Country Code Rec: 17 Payment Terms Rec: 9 Currency Code Commodity Code Rec: 28 27 October 2009 Means of Transport Rec: Development & Facilitation for Transition Trade 21 Economies - Geneva Package Codes Rec: 20 Units of Measurement 8

UN/EDIFACT • UN/EDIFACT is UN/CEFACT’s global standard for Electronic Data Exchange, EDI. • First UN/EDIFACT • UN/EDIFACT is UN/CEFACT’s global standard for Electronic Data Exchange, EDI. • First published in 1988 – invoice message • Published twice a year – UN/EDIFACT Directories • Backwards compatibility • • Currently 208 messages available • 193 batch messages • 15 interactive messages Most widely implemented international EDI standard 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 9

UN/EDIFACT GS 1 e. Com adoption 2005 - 2009 140000 120000 100000 80000 EANCOM® UN/EDIFACT GS 1 e. Com adoption 2005 - 2009 140000 120000 100000 80000 EANCOM® GS 1 XML 60000 WEB EDI 40000 20000 0 27 October 2009 2005 2006 2007 2008 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 2009 Forecast 10

Some of the Benefits UN/EDIFACT (ISO 9735) • Customs • (Source: EU-TAXUD): 175 Million Some of the Benefits UN/EDIFACT (ISO 9735) • Customs • (Source: EU-TAXUD): 175 Million Customs Declarations per year • 480‘ 000 per day • 333 per minute • 5. 5 per second • Fiscal Declarations (Source EDIFICAS, France): • • 1987 - 100 companies 2004 - 1 million companies • 92% of VAT collected using EDIFACT • 45% of revenues collected by the French Government • Benefit to the State (Source EDIFICAS, France): • Euros 100 M per year 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 11

e. Business Standards Development • • Business Process Models Business Requirements Specifications-BRS Requirements Specification e. Business Standards Development • • Business Process Models Business Requirements Specifications-BRS Requirements Specification Mapping-RSM Core Component Technical Specifications Core Component Libraries Core Component Harmonisation Naming & Design Rules Schema Generation 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 12

Trade Data Element Directory United Nations Trade Data Elements Directory International Standards Organisation ISO Trade Data Element Directory United Nations Trade Data Elements Directory International Standards Organisation ISO 7372 • • Developed to provide a Directory to facilitate open interchange of data in international trade Standard data element names with description of meaning (data value) and a specification of character representation Supports and is fully consistent with Recommendation 1 – UN Layout Key for Trade Documents Fully consistent with UN/EDIFACT Multimodal & multisectoral Technology & syntax independent eb. XML Core Components Technical Specification compliant 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 13

Implementing UN/CEFACT Standards & Recommendations Single Window Note: Single Window Rec 34 under development Implementing UN/CEFACT Standards & Recommendations Single Window Note: Single Window Rec 34 under development Cross Border Data Exchange National Data Harmonization Document Simplification and Standardization Process Analysis and Simplification Recs 33, 35 SWReposit’y Data Model based on International Standards Cooperation with WCO UNTDED, Core Component Library, UN LOCODE and code lists, UN Layout Key, Master Document, UNTDED, TF Toolkit and Forms Repository • Business/Political Process - Collaboration Between Trader and Government (UN/CEFACT Rec. 4, Rec. 18), • UN/CEFACT International Supply Chain Reference model, • Unified Modeling Methodology (UMM), Business Process Analysis Guide 27 October 2009 • Global Facilitation Partnership for. Transition Trade Development & Facilitation for Trade and Transport (GFP) Audit Methodology Economies - Geneva 14

Single Window Definition UN/CEFACT Recommendation 33 “A facility that allows parties involved in trade Single Window Definition UN/CEFACT Recommendation 33 “A facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardised information and documents with a single entry point to fulfil all import, export and transit related regulatory requirements. If information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once. ’ 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 15

Draft UN CEFACT Recommendation 34 Draft Recommendation 34 Data Simplification and Standardization for International Draft UN CEFACT Recommendation 34 Draft Recommendation 34 Data Simplification and Standardization for International Trade • • Recommends Capturing existing requirements into a national trade data inventory Defining the individual data elements Analyzing the need for, and context of the data requirements Reconciling the national trade data inventory with international standards TO PRODUCE A SIMPLIFIED, STANDARDIZED NATIONAL DATA SET FOR THE EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION WITH A SINGLE WINDOW FACILITY Status: Final drafting prior to submission to the UN/CEFACT Plenary for approval 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 16

UN/CEFACT Recommendation 35 UN/CEFACT Recommendation No 35 Establishing a Legal Framework for an International UN/CEFACT Recommendation 35 UN/CEFACT Recommendation No 35 Establishing a Legal Framework for an International Single Window Current Status: Completed and submitted to the 15 th UN/CEFACT Plenary (Geneva 9 -14 November 2009) for approval 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 17

New e. Invoice Standard UN/CEFACT’s new e. Invoice Standard to enhance links between business New e. Invoice Standard UN/CEFACT’s new e. Invoice Standard to enhance links between business and financial supply chains The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) has published the Cross Industry Invoice (CII) Version 2. 0 standard to enhance links between business and financial supply chains and enable cross-industry and cross-domain interoperability. This common global standard is based on a set of business requirements from different industries and stakeholders in both the private and public sectors. 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 18

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 27 October 2009 Trade Development & Facilitation for Transition Economies - Geneva 19