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Idaho Public Driver Education Traffic Control Devices and Traffic Laws
Idaho Traffic Laws You must stop: • • • Before a stop line or crosswalk. If there are no lines, stop before entering the intersection. For any red light or sign, flashing or solid. For a pedestrian crossing within a marked or unmarked crosswalk. At a railway crossing when a train is coming or when train signals, gates, or signs indicate an approaching train. When entering a street from an alley, building, driveway, or private road. At the request of any police officer. For emergency or police vehicles sounding a siren or flashing red or blue lights. For a school bus that is loading or unloading students or has it’s stop sign out or flashing lights on. You must stop for a school bus on a road with less then four total lanes. When involved in a wreck.
Speed Limits • The Basic Rule: No matter what the posted speed, you must judge the situation and conditions and adjust your speed accordingly. • The maximum speed on a freeway is 75 mph, 65 mph on a highway, and 35 mph on city streets (unless posted otherwise). • It is illegal to drive so slowly that you disrupt the normal flow of traffic. • Observe posted speeds in school and construction zones to protect students and workers (penalties are higher in these areas).
To “yield” means to let another vehicle or pedestrian go first. You must yield: • When there is a yield sign. • To faster traffic. The law requires that you stay to the right when possible. • When entering a street from an alley, driveway, or garage after stopping. • At four way stops. • At an unmarked or uncontrolled intersection. • When stopped for cross traffic. • Yield when making a left turn. Always yield to oncoming traffic. • In school or construction zones. • For emergency vehicles. Move to the right and stop.
No Parking Zones On sidewalks On the street-side of any other parked vehicle (double parking) In intersections Within 50 feet of railroad tracks On bridges or overpasses In front of a driveway Within 15’ of a fire hydrant Within 20’ of a crosswalk Within 20’ of a fire station driveway Within 30’ of a stop sign, yield sign, or traffic signal On a freeway Where prohibited by signs or a red, yellow, or white “no parking” curb. In a handicapped parking space
Fact About Signaling & Turning • You must signal when turning at an intersection or into a driveway! • You must signal when changing lanes. • You must signal when entering or leaving the freeway. • You must signal when pulling toward or away from the curb. • You must signal 100 feet (about 5 seconds) before turning. • In Idaho, you may turn right on a red light, after stopping. • In Idaho, you may turn left on a red light, after stopping, and if turning onto a one-way street.
Other Laws You Need to Know! • Headlights must be lighted from sunset to sunrise or when visibility is poor. • You must dim your brights 500’ before meeting and 200’ before overtaking another vehicle. • It is illegal to engage in any vehicle race, exhibit of speed, or speed contest on any public road, street, or highway. • Windows and windshields must be kept clean and free of stickers, signs, posters, except those required by law. • When a load extends 4’ or more out the back, a red flag must be attached to the load. • It is illegal to drive recklessly or inattentively.
Traffic signs have three purposes: 1. Regulate traffic, movement or parking 2. Warn of potential dangers or road conditions 3. Provide information and guidance
Colors Have Meaning Red Green Blue Yellow Black White Orange Brown Fluorescent Optic Yellow
Shapes Have Meaning Octagon Rectangle Triangle Pennant Diamond Rectangle Pentagon Circle Crossbuck
Three Types of Signs Regulatory Warning Guide
Where are they located? Where must drivers stop?
Where are they located? When must drivers yield?
SPEED LIMIT SIGNS
Speed Limits v Urban Areas v Parks v Rural Interstate v Urban Interstate v School Zones
Railroad Crossing Warnings RR sign or RR painted on the pavement are advanced warning signs. Crossbucks are yield signs. The train has the right-of-way! Flashing red lights Bells Gates If you hear or see a train
Other Regulatory Signs
ORANGE is for Construction REMEMBER q Common Sense q Caution q Concentration
Types of Work Zones Stationary Moving Work Areas
Markings Indicating Drivers are Entering a Work Zone
Work Zones Areas Work Area Buffer Transition Advance Warning E N D
Tips for Driving Through Work Zones: ü Fines double in a work zone! ü Proceed with extreme caution ü Drive at the posted speed ü Watch out for workers ü Stay in your lane ü Report unsafe conditions
GUIDE SIGNS US Route Marker
Intersections Ø Controlled by signs and signals Ø NOT Controlled by signs and signals, multi-lanes, or pavement Ø Single or two-lane road intersecting with multiple-lane road Ø Turning left Ø Tee Intersections Ø Railroad grade crossings
Signals o Steady lights o Flashing lights o Signal/Sign combinations NO TURN ON RED
Dog House Signals
Pavement Markings Multi-lane Two lane rural Left turn only lane ONE Way TWO Way Stop lines Cross Walks
YELLOW LINES • ALWAYS KEEP TO THE RIGHT OF A YELLOW LINE
BROKEN YELLOW LINES • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS • BOTH DIRECTIONS MAY CROSS THIS LINE • PASSING IS PERMITTED
YELLOW DOTS • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS • LANE GUIDE MARKERS • KEEP TO THE RIGHT OF THIS LINE
SOLID YELLOW LINE • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS • KEEP TO THE RIGHT OF THIS LINE • DO NOT CROSS EXCEPT WHEN TURNING LEFT OFF OF THE ROADWAY
DOUBLE SOLID YELLOW LINES • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS • KEEP TO THE RIGHT • BOTH DIRECTIONS OF TRAFFIC MAY NOT CROSS • BOTH DIRECTIONS CANNOT PASS • LEFT TURNS FROM ROADWAY PERMITTED
SOLID YELLOW WITH A YELLOW BROKEN LINE • TRAFFIC WITH THE SOLID LINE CANNOT PASS • TRAFFIC WITH THE BROKEN LINE MAY PASS
SOLID WHITE • DO NOT CROSS • USUALLY A FOG LINE ALONG THE RIGHT SIDE OF A ROADWAY MARKING THE EDGE OF THE TRAVEL PORTION OF A ROADWAY • STAY TO THE LEFT OF THE FOG LINE
BROKEN WHITE • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN THE SAME DIRECTION • ONE WAY STREETS • DRIVERS MAY CROSS THIS LINE
DOUBLE SOLID LINES • SEPARATES TRAFFIC GOING IN THE SAME DIRECTION • BOTH LANES OF TRAFFIC CAN’T CROSS
BARRIER LINE • TREAT THIS LINE AS IF IT WERE A CONCRETE BARRIER • DO NOT CROSS • THIS LINE IS TWICE AS WIDE AS A NORMAL LANE LINE
Shared Turn Lanes
A poster used to promote carpooling during WWII Carpool Lane Car Pool Lane
Passing Lane Markings
Open Range Law The animals have the RIGHT OF WAY!