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ICT- IS IT A FUTURE OR A FAD By- Ayon Mitra 12 Mukund Madhav 24 PGPRM-1
Defining ICTn n ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application for accessing, gathering, manipulation and presentation or communication of information. ‘Using information and such media as the Internet to meet human needs or enrich their lives in a better manner. ’
Is ICT only computer based technology ? n n n It also encompasses radio, television, direct teaching among its applications. Delivery of information has a human face to suit the target population. Impacting on all dimensions of life: education, health, quality of family, culture, leisure and arts, scientific and technological world.
Relating ICTs to Socio. Economic Development n n n Enhance rural productivity. Solution sharing /knowledge societies between local people and communities. Providing access to practical information on small business accounting, weather trends and farming based practices.
Present uses of ICT n n n Greater Access and Control over Information. Empowering Communities. Better Governance. Better Valuation of Resources/ Services. Employment Creation.
Issues in application of ICT n n ICT systems must be relevant to local needs. ICT systems should be made acceptable to the local users. ICT systems must be relevant to the local culture and society. Commitment by government to give time and autonomy for the stakeholders for decision-making and implementation strategies is very important.
The Role of International Organizations in ICT Policy Development n n There are two types of organization. International non- government organization. Inter governmental organization. UNESCO and UN are there best to bridge the digital divide between developed and developing countries.
Role of National Agencies In Indian ICT projects n n National Informatics Centre (NIC) of the Department of Information Technology is providing network backbone and e-Governance support to Central Government, State Governments, UT Administrations, Districts and other Government bodies. It is providing communication network for decentralized planning and , improvement of government services and transparency of national and local government.
Dairy Information Services Kiosk (DISK) n n n Project was aimed at dairy farmers in villages when they come to pour milk at the collection centers of the milk cooperative societies. The project introduced in Gujarat in early 1990’s mapped the success of AMUL also. Milk collection center converted into ‘Dairy Information Service Kiosk’ (DISK). PC connected to the milko-tester machine at the daily A database of society members and their cattle was created and loaded on the PC at the milk collection center. Two way asynchronous communications between the society and dairy union were established through internet Vital information on fodder, veterinary, and animal-husbandry services passed on. It was also used to transmit the daily milk collection data to the dairy union to plan its production processes. Software was developed to create personalized messages relating to the services to its members, and print them in the regional (Gujarati) language on the milk pay slips, which, the dairy farmers receive at the time of pouring the milk.
Community radio by the Deccan Development Society (DDS) in AP. n n n DDS set up a community radio station in Machnoor village, 1999 in response to the demand from poor dalit, non-literate women who felt the need for a medium of communication. Transmitter that can potentially reach listeners located within a 30 -kilometer radius. Programmes range on Information specific to agricultural needs of semi-arid regions , Education and literacy – both formal and non-formal , Public health and hygiene, Environmental and ecological issues , Gender justice , Local cultures, with emphasis on the narrative traditions of song and drama
Current ICT projects implemented by different state governments APSWAN launched in 1999 became powerful tool in the hands of the government to monitor welfare schemes. n. APSWAN connects Secretariat at Hyderabad to all District with 2 Mbps line bone for data voice and video communication. n. It will also provide easy public access to government information. Basic information highway for improving government-citizen and government-industry interface. n
BHOOMI provide Rural Digital Services (RDS) in Karnataka n n n A satellite network, which is being set up by Revenue Department would connect 177 Bhoomi Data Centres located at various taluk centres. Offer value added services, including video conference, to citizens across the state by charging minimal costs. Bangalore based state head quarter has been connected to all 27 state district head quarters.
Sustainable Access in Rural India (SARI) Project in Tamilnadu. n n Was initially implemented in Melur taluk in Madurai during 2003 -04. Connectivity will be established for the 29 District HQ to Chennai TNSWAN Network links all the Government departments to provide Voice, Data and Video connectivity for improving delivery of services to the citizens and for improving the response-time and transparency d also to Taluks and Blocks Its aim was to help villagers harness the power of the Internet for social development, wealth creation and job generation and to establish rural connectivity at a low cost.
Akshaya Project -Kerala. n n Kerala Government implemented Akshaya project to provide IT literacy to at least one member of each family through 600 village telecenters. Akshaya has conducted one of the world's largest computer literacy drives, claiming to reach over 600, 000 households, representing more than 3. 6 million people, in less than 6 months It provided services like data-entry, Desk Top Publishing, Computer Training and Internet Telephony; generate and distribute locally relevant content; improve public delivery of services for Government departments like payment collection, e commerce, e-courier; and create employment opportunities. Local self-governing bodies(1214) has been computerized to expedite transactions like issue of certificates, licenses, tax collection etc.
Gyandoot: Community owned rural Internet kiosks n n n Gyandoot, launched in the year 2000 in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh state in India, is recognized as a breakthrough in e-Government executed with minimal investment. Dhar district has a population of 1. 7 million people wherein 60 percent live below the poverty line. Initially low cost rural Intranet covering 20 village kiosks in five Blocks of the district was installed, which was later the project was extended to another 11 kiosks. Soochanalaya (information centre in Hindi language), the kiosks enable the citizens have access to several government related information and services through the Intranet and Internet services.
SETU: Integrated Citizen's Service Centers SETU in (Maharashtra) n n n The project aimed to provide agricultural, medical, and educational information to villagers by establishing networked "facilitation booths” in 70 villages. The existing co-operative structure was equipped with State of the art infrastructure (high speed VSATs) to allow Internet access to existing cooperative societies. Single window clearance of 83 important certificates (includes renewal of leases , permits & licenses), Quick redressal of public grievances, Common registry of letters, petitions for all sections of the office.
ICT applications in rural business. n n n 'E-Choupal' services launched in June 2000 today reach out to more than 3. 5 million farmers. Growing a range of crops - soyabean, coffee, wheat, rice, pulses, shrimp - in over 31, 000 villages through 5372 kiosks. Located across seven states Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Kerela.
Continued… n n Village internet kiosks managed by farmers – called sanchalaks dissesiminate information in their local language on the weather & market prices, knowledge on scientific farm practices. E-Choupal’ enhances the ability of farmers to take decisions and align their farm output with market demand secure quality & productivity.
HLL Shakti Project n n n First time implemented in Andhra Pradesh later on it extended to MP , Gujarat, UP. Company sales improved by 15% in rural areas. The objectives of Project Shakti was to create income-generating capabilities for underprivileged rural women by providing a small-scale enterprise opportunity, and to improve rural living standards through health and hygiene awareness.
HLL launched `I-Shakti', an IT-based rural information service in November, 2004 that provides solutions to key rural needs in the areas of agriculture, education, vocational training, health and hygiene. Information kiosks offer information in a voice based interactive system, covering a wide range of topics including, Medical, General Health and Hygiene, Agriculture, Horticulture, Vetenary, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Children and Adult Education, Employment, Legal, General Entertainment, Computer Games and other Women's related topics.
Where we stand n n n India ranks 39 th out of 104 in ‘ICT for development’ survey annual survey conducted by the World Economic Forum. The study based its assessment on mathematics and science education, affordability and accessibility of telephone connections and government prioritization for ICT. study’s index included three main variables -development of ICT, actual levels of networked readiness of individuals, businesses and governments, and actual levels of usage of ICTs by these three groups.
Future considerations of ICT projects. q q q Build on local needs and innovate creative uses. Contain local content in local language be economically sustaining Trickle down to rural populations Extend its benefit beyond merely techies Voice concerns of disadvantaged groups and share successes/failure.
Future needs for ICT interventions n n n Heavy investment for Technological inputs. Proper project feasibility study Comprehensive CBA analysis for future learning's.
Future applications of ICT n n Evolution of ICT-enabled Knowledge Societies for Human Development. Use of ICTs in education and health. Empowerment of women Build libraries.
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