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ICT Development in Nepal Shiv Bhushan Lal Director Nepal Telecom Central Regional Directorate Birgunj ICT Development in Nepal Shiv Bhushan Lal Director Nepal Telecom Central Regional Directorate Birgunj

ICT is changing the way of life: FThe way we do business, (E-commerce, E-Procurement, ICT is changing the way of life: FThe way we do business, (E-commerce, E-Procurement, Online banking) FThe way we communicate, (Mobile, SMS, MMS, 3 G Video) FThe way government functions (E-Governance, Digital signature) FThe way we entertain (Online games, Internet, Chhating) FThe way we share information (Internet, Virtual library) FThe way services delivered (E-Health, E-Learning, Shopping, Online banking)

Maitland report (missing link) – 1985 1 st to Identify Digital Divide “Not all Maitland report (missing link) – 1985 1 st to Identify Digital Divide “Not all people were sharing the social and economic benefits that telecommunication creates”

From Third World to First Lee Kuan Yew (Former Prime minister of Singapore) “The From Third World to First Lee Kuan Yew (Former Prime minister of Singapore) “The new divide in the world will be between those with the knowledge and those without. We must learn and be part of the knowledge-based world. ”

Harsh Reality ICT in Nepal Ø Information poor and information rich communities. Ø Mismatched Harsh Reality ICT in Nepal Ø Information poor and information rich communities. Ø Mismatched tele-density in urban and rural area. Ø Local language on Internet Ø Poor Access to information for rural people. Ø Knowledge sharing is weak.

Nepal Telecom’s Infrastructure ØNumber of telephone exchanges : 236 + 1 ØPSTN Subscribers : Nepal Telecom’s Infrastructure ØNumber of telephone exchanges : 236 + 1 ØPSTN Subscribers : 5, 42, 623 ØCDMA subscribers : 6, 17, 444 ØGSM subscribers : 20, 74, 677 ØTotal Internet Subscriber : 10, 651 ØTotal ADSL Subscriber : 13, 115 ØTotal PDSN Internet (CDMA) : 29, 422 ØTotal Internet Bandwidth(Intl GW) : 625 Mbps ØVSAT terminals : 484 ØVDC Covered by NT services : 3209 ØInternational circuits : 3410 ØTele Density Total : 12 % Ref: NT’s MIS of Mangsir 2065

Upcoming Technologies ØNext Generation Network (NGN) ØGSM 3 G Services (800 Subcs. In Kathmandu) Upcoming Technologies ØNext Generation Network (NGN) ØGSM 3 G Services (800 Subcs. In Kathmandu) ØCDMA EVDO Services (IP CDMA) ØNational IP Backbone – STM 64 ØADSL service with Telephone/Internet/IPTV ØNew Value added services ØFiber link with China ØInternet Gateway STM 4 ØSIP Phones ØMobile Commerce

Value added services • PCC Prepaid Calling Card • AFS Advance Free Phone Service Value added services • PCC Prepaid Calling Card • AFS Advance Free Phone Service (Toll Free Phone) • HCD Home Country Direct • PCL Prepaid Credit Limit • UAN Universal Access Network Eg- IVR(interactive-voice-record) Notice Board, VMS, Quarry Bill etc.

Mobile User’s Rate • Postpaid – GSM / CDMA • • 6. 00 AM Mobile User’s Rate • Postpaid – GSM / CDMA • • 6. 00 AM to 8. 00 AM to 6. 00 PM 10. 00 PM to 6. 00 PM 6. 00 PM to 10. 00 PM • Prepaid – GSM Rs. 1. 00/min Rs. 1. 60/min Rs. 0. 75/min Rs. 1. 00/min • 6. 00 AM to 10. 00 PM • 10. 00 PM to 6. 00 AM Rs. 2. 00/min Rs. 0. 75/min • 6. 00 AM to 10. 00 PM • 10. 00 PM to 6. 00 AM Rs. 1. 80/min Rs. 0. 75/min – CDMA – SMS • Rs. 0. 50/sms

New Charges in Landline • No installation Charges for 2 months • Charges for New Charges in Landline • No installation Charges for 2 months • Charges for CID Rs. 200 (Prev. Rs. 500) • Monthly Rental Charges Rs. 200 (175 calls free) – 6. 00 AM to 8. 00 AM 1 call for 4 mins. – 8. 00 AM to 6. 00 PM 1 call for 2 mins. – 6. 00 PM to 10. 00 PM 1 call for 4 mins. – 10. 00 PM to 6. 00 AM 1 call for 8 mins.

Program of Nepal Telecom for F/Y 065/66 Ø PSTN : 1, 42, 026 Lines Program of Nepal Telecom for F/Y 065/66 Ø PSTN : 1, 42, 026 Lines Ø NGN Based Switch : 464, 000 Lines Ø ADSL Switch : 62, 946 Ports Ø GSM : 2. 0 M Lines out of 3. 5 M Ø GSM BTS : 800 Nos. Ø CDMA BTS : 100 Nos. Ø OPTICAL FIBER CABLE LAYING : 400 km Ø No of Exchanges : 10 Nos.

Birgunj Regional Directorate at A Glance • Total Working Man Power 610 • Telephone Birgunj Regional Directorate at A Glance • Total Working Man Power 610 • Telephone Distribution • Telephone Exchanges • PSTN Telephone Lines • GSM Mobile Telephone Post Paid Prepaid • CDMA Telephone Lines C-Phone Post Paid C-Phone Prepaid SKY Phone 36 + 1 = 37 45657 236586 7125 229461 6953 20300 45219

GSM BTS DETAILS (upto 600 K) S/N District No of Existing BTS New Add. GSM BTS DETAILS (upto 600 K) S/N District No of Existing BTS New Add. BTS in 600 K 1 Chitwan 13 09 2. Makwanpur 05 04 3. Bara 04 03 4. Parsa 04 07 5. Rautahat 02 02 6 Dolkha 0 04 7 Ramechhap 0 04 8 Sindhuli 0 04 9 Dhanusha 03 05 10 Mahottari 01 02 11 Sarlahi 03 02 35 46 Total

GSM BTS Summary (upto 600 K) • Total Number of BTS : • Site GSM BTS Summary (upto 600 K) • Total Number of BTS : • Site Commenced : • Site Cancelled : 6 • Equipment Shifted : 1 to MWD 81 81 74

CDMA BTS DETAILS S/N District No. of Existing BTS New Add. BTS in F/Y CDMA BTS DETAILS S/N District No. of Existing BTS New Add. BTS in F/Y 065/066. 1 Chitwan 04 01 2. Makwanpur 03 03 3. Bara 03 03 4. Parsa 02 04 5. Rautahat 03 3 6 Dolkha 0 04 7 Ramechhap 0 04 8 Sindhuli 0 01 9 Dhanusha 02 04 10 Mahottari 02 03 11 Sarlahi 03 03 22 25 Total

Summary of CDMA BTS • Total Number of BTS • BTS Commenced • Equipments Summary of CDMA BTS • Total Number of BTS • BTS Commenced • Equipments in Store : : : 46 30 0

CURRENT STATUS OF BTS (3. 5 m) S/N District No. of BTS 1 Chitwan CURRENT STATUS OF BTS (3. 5 m) S/N District No. of BTS 1 Chitwan 13 12 12 2. Makwanpur 6 0 0 3. Bara 13 5 0 4. Parsa 16 8 3 5. Rautahat 8 5 3 6 Dolkha 3 0 0 7 Sindhuli 1 0 0 8 Dhanusha 29 7 0 9 Mahottari 9 4 0 10 Sarlahi 17 4 2 115 45 20 Total House Rent Completed 3 Phase Remarks Supply On Process

NT’s Value Added Services Ø Ø Ø Voice Mail for PSTN, GSM & CDMA NT’s Value Added Services Ø Ø Ø Voice Mail for PSTN, GSM & CDMA PDSN Packet Data for CDMA Customers Prepaid Calling Card Home Country Direct PSTN Bill Enquiry through IVR GSM Bill Enquiry through SMS GSM Bill payment through ATM, Banks and E-Bank Bills on Internet Web SMS Caller Ring back tone SMS Value Added Service (2626, 2323, 2722, 5151)

Value Added Services in coming days Ø Ø Ø Ø National IP Backbone Virtual Value Added Services in coming days Ø Ø Ø Ø National IP Backbone Virtual private networking ADSL based Internet and Telephone SMS Service between GSM & CDMA CTD (Cell time Discount) LBS (Location Based Service) MVPN (Mobile Virtual Private Network) MMS (Multi Media Service) to all GSM Subscriber

Services of NT PSTN PCL 3 G ISD STD Call Waiting Caller ID Forwarding Services of NT PSTN PCL 3 G ISD STD Call Waiting Caller ID Forwarding VMS GPRS GSM Mobile prepaid Postpaid AFS CDMA Fixed Prepaid PSTN VMS PCC Pay Phone Email CDMA VMS Leased Lines Dial up Internet CDMA Fixed Postpaid Night surfing Internet SKYDATA CDMA Mobile Prepaid

x. DSL Technology Ø Refers collectively to all types of digital subscriber lines Categories: x. DSL Technology Ø Refers collectively to all types of digital subscriber lines Categories: 2 main 1) Asymmetric DSL (ADSL) 2) Symmetric DSL (SDSL) Ø x. DSL is technology backed by telephone companies to provide next generation high bandwidth services to the home using the existing telephone copper cabling infrastructure. Ø Promises bandwidths up to theoretically 8. 448 Mbps. Ø Data rates depends on Distance and line quality conditions. 21

x. DSL and PSTN POTS – Plain Old Telephone Service Local Loop – On x. DSL and PSTN POTS – Plain Old Telephone Service Local Loop – On Hook, Off Hook Dial Tone, Ringing tone Transmit receive sound signal (300 Hz to 3. 4 Khz) PSTN Exchange 22

How x. DSL works Ø Utilise more bandwidth on copper (Frequency above 3. 4 How x. DSL works Ø Utilise more bandwidth on copper (Frequency above 3. 4 Khz) Ø Local Exchange is bypassed End Devices Modem PSTN Exchange 23

ADSL 24 ADSL 24

Life is easy with NT’s Internet Services Collaboration PC PDA Phone Whatever you’re using Life is easy with NT’s Internet Services Collaboration PC PDA Phone Whatever you’re using (devices) Cellular Video Whatever you’re doing (applications) Email Web Apps Wherever you are At your Desk On the Road Managed Office 25 In the Air (across various access types) At Home In Town

Mobile Broadband A mobile phone or cell phone is a long–rang, portable electronic device Mobile Broadband A mobile phone or cell phone is a long–rang, portable electronic device used for mobile communication. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, current mobile phones can support many additional services such as SMS for text message, email, packet switching for access to the internet and MMS for sending and receiving photo and video.

GPRS NETWORK PSTN GMSC GGSN AUC HLR VLR SGSN MSC Gb A BSS Note: GPRS NETWORK PSTN GMSC GGSN AUC HLR VLR SGSN MSC Gb A BSS Note: AUC= Authentication Centre HLR= Home Location Registr. VLR= Visitor Location Reg. PCU BSC Abis BTS Internet PDN

The Evolution of Messaging Service v The roadmap of Messaging Service: SMS-EMS-MMS Enhanced SMS The Evolution of Messaging Service v The roadmap of Messaging Service: SMS-EMS-MMS Enhanced SMS (EMS) Short Message Service (SMS) Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) Nice flower Happy Birthday

Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) The multimedia message service (MMS) is a kind of new Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) The multimedia message service (MMS) is a kind of new message service developed on the basis of short message services. The contents of multimedia messages include text, graph, image, audio, video, etc.

Application Mode of MMS Handset to handset Handset to E-mail Handset to SP(Service Provider) Application Mode of MMS Handset to handset Handset to E-mail Handset to SP(Service Provider) Mobile Network E-mail user MMSC SP

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