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I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Infantry NCM Training Review DP 1 - 4 Conducted by the Infantry School on behalf of Director Infantry Report to EX BAYONET May 2009

I É n c Background: NCM Trg Review f o At the Jan 09 I É n c Background: NCM Trg Review f o At the Jan 09 XIAB on it was decided that the Inf school would conduct a review of the NCM Training IOT: a l n § Optimise trg progression for Inf NCMs IOT ensure that they are e t prepared for command roles and rank specific taskings. r d y § Review Inf DP 1 -4 and develop training design and delivery options that ’ will: i S n § Deliver the right training at the right time in each NCMs career progression c f h a § Ensure that trg is relevant, rewarding, progressive and firmly based o n in the COE o t § Improve resource efficiency (especially training time) across the Inf l e training system r i e

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e INTRODUCTION NCM 2020: Strategic Objectives § Tactical Excellence. § An NCM Corps whose members understand are capable of applying force, collectively and individually, to achieve assigned missions and objectives. § Outstanding Leaders. § NCMs as leaders embody the Principles of Leadership and, as mentors, guide and develop their subordinates

Learning Curve/Skill Fade I É n c f o a l n e t Learning Curve/Skill Fade I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Infantry Section Commander in Battle: Statement of the Problem. Learning Curves of the Infantry Soldier – Pte - Sgt The Gap Sect Comd Trg Offensive Ops Patrolling Defensive Ops Skill at Arms Trg Conventional Ranges Field Firing Weapons Instruction PTE/CPL Rifleman Rank & Appointment MCPL - Sect 2 IC SGT – Sect Comd

JOHNSON’S DRIFT MODEL Amount of Change I É n c f o a l JOHNSON’S DRIFT MODEL Amount of Change I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e , OE C l ina ctr do o s t y) e ng olog ha (c chn e e ng ng t a i Ch erg al nt em e d nm , an o vir ges En an ch Training Gap 2 1 Previous Section Commander’s Courses Time Current DP Courses

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e FUTURE TRENDS § DAPS, Attrition & the Demand for Snr NCOs. § The Infantry School expects a substantial increase in the demand for DP 3 A training in the near future. § “A particular concern for the army is the growing shortage of leadership, specifically in the ranks of tactical level leaders…. [today's] changing international security environment with its emphasis on asymmetrical warfare and counter-insurgency, [shows that] current leadership challenges are neither temporary nor limited. ” § LGen Andrew Leslie, CLS

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Assumptions and Methodology § § LFSAT was utilised A review of JBS was conducted as a preliminary stage Stakeholder input was (and is being) sought Changes will not be made unless they can be shown to be fully justified § Work to conduct any QS or TP changes will begin after the May 09 CIA § Training Must be delivered ‘Just In Time’ § A ‘Lean Training’ philosophy was employed

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Criteria for Selection of Options and Required Outputs § The best training solution will deliver: § Achieve strategic objectives (NCM PD 2020) § Current and competent soldiers and commanders (trained Just in Time) § Tactical Excellence § Outstanding Leadership – Mentorship & Development § A training flow that will match the JBS requirements for each Infantry position: i. e train in time and to need § Resource efficiency for the training system (esp time)

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e INFANTRY NON COMMISSONED MEMBERS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM Recruit /Pte Trained/ Cpl MCpl/ Sgt DP 1 DP 2 DP 3 BMQ DP 1 Infantry IPSWQ Fire 9 mm Fire C 6 SF Fire 60 mm Small Arms Coaching PLQ-Inf Physical Training Inst Class Drill Discipline General Service Knowledge Rge Trg Safety DP 3 A ILQ Run a Conventional Range Lead Subordinates Plan Operations Instruct Advanced Weapons Conduct Operations Instruct STANO Communicate Coach the SRAAW(H) Instruct Heavy Weapons Field Firing DP 3 B Army Applied Leadership Control Direct Fire Control Indirect Fire Offensive Operations Defensive Operations Patrolling Unique & Transitional Ops Battle Procedure Administration Fighting Patrols Offensive Ops Defensive Ops Unique, Delay & Trans Ops Describe Combined Arms

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e INFANTRY NON COMMISSONED MEMBERS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM Recruit /Pte Trained/Cpl MCpl/Sgt DP 1 DP 2 DP 3 BMQ DP 1 Infantry IPSWQ CASW Fire 9 mm. 50 Cal Fire 60 mm Fire C 6 SF Small Arms Coaching PLQ-Inf Physical Training Inst Class Drill Discipline General Service Knowledge Rge Trg Safety Army Applied Leadership Control Direct Fire Control Indirect Fire Offensive Operations Defensive Operations Patrolling Unique & Transitional Ops DP 3 A ILQ Run a Conventional Range Lead Subordinates Instruct Advanced Weapons Plan Operations Conduct Operations Instruct STANO Communicate Coach the SRAAW(H) Instruct Heavy Weapons Field Firing DP 3 B Battle Procedure Administration Fighting Patrols Offensive Ops Defensive Ops Unique, Delay & Trans Ops Describe Combined Arms

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e INFANTRY NON COMMISSONED MEMBERS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM Recruit /Pte Trained/Cpl MCpl/Sgt DP 1 DP 2 DP 3 BMQ DP 1 Infantry IPSWQ CASW Fire 9 mm. 50 Cal Fire 60 mm Fire C 6 SF Small Arms Coaching PLQ-Inf Physical Training Inst Class Drill Discipline General Service Knowledge Rge Trg Safety Army Applied Leadership Control Direct Fire Control Indirect Fire Offensive Operations Defensive Operations Patrolling Unique & Transitional Ops DP 3 A ILQ Run a Conventional Range Lead Subordinates Instruct Advanced Weapons Plan Operations Conduct Operations Instruct STANO Communicate Coach the SRAAW(H) Instruct Heavy Weapons Field Firing DP 3 B Battle Procedure Administration Fighting Patrols Offensive Ops Defensive Ops Unique, Delay & Trans Ops Describe Combined Arms

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e OPTION COMPARISON Option 1. Status Quo 2. Improved Sequencing 3. Improved Sequencing + Train to Need Meet Strategic Objectives (NCM 2020) Limit tactical trg. Skill fade. Tactics outdated. Improved Tactical & Leadership Skills. Training Flow (Timing and Needs) Most don’t need FFQ Sect Comd training delivered too early Wpns Instruction delivered later Some Inf WO will not use or need FFQ delivered on a needs basis Sect Comd trg delivered at an optimal period Resource Efficiency Considerable duplication. FFQ is not relevant to sect comd. 2240 Less total soldier-trg days by moving FFQ rearward in NCM career. More than 2240 soldier-trg day savings. FFQ Trained as needed.

Expected Skill Level I É n c f o a l n e t Expected Skill Level I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Infantry Section Commander in Battle: Recommendation. Learning Curves of the Infantry Soldier – Pte - Sgt Learning Curves Potential Infantry Soldier – - Sgt Sect Comd Trg Offensive Ops Patrolling Defensive Ops Skill at Arms Trg Conventional Ranges Weapons Instruction Basic Tactics PTE/CPL Sect Comd Trg The Offensive Ops Patrolling Defensive Ops Gap Skill at Arms Trg Conventional Ranges Field Firing Weapons Instruction Rank & Appointment Rank Level MCPL/SGT

JOHNSON’S DRIFT MODEL Amount of Change I É n c f o a l JOHNSON’S DRIFT MODEL Amount of Change I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e , OE C l ina ctr do o s t y) e ng olog ha (c chn e e ng ng t a i Ch erg al nt em e d nm , an o vir ges En an ch 3 2 4 1 Previous Section Commander’s Courses Expected Results of Option 2 & 3 Potential Results of Status Quo Time Current DP Courses

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Conclusion § Input now required: § Validation of the results of the review § Selection of the optimal training sequence § Approval for further development § Next Phase of the Project § Presenting these recommendations for approval in principle to AITA, DAT and Comd LFDTS. § Staffing changes to OS, QS, and TPs of DP 1, IPSWQ, PLQ-INF, and DP 3 A. The creation of a generic Field Firing course with an OSS, QS and TP is already staffed at DAT since the rest of the Army requires this training also.

I É n c f o a l n e t r d y I É n c f o a l n e t r d y ’ i S n c f h a o n o t l e r i e Questions & Comments