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Hungarian Accreditation Committee – past, present and future Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Hungarian Accreditation Committee – past, present and future Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC) From Quality Assurance to Quality Culture HEA Regional Conference Sarajevo, 6 October, 2011

Hungarian Accreditation Committee – past, present and future Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Hungarian Accreditation Committee – past, present and future Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC) From Quality Assurance to Quality Culture HEA Regional Conference Sarajevo, 6 October, 2011

Why accreditation? Ø First half of 20 th century in US: protection of good Why accreditation? Ø First half of 20 th century in US: protection of good reputation, diplomas and interest of excellent HE institutions against low level education and degrees. Ø Second half of 20 th century: increasing importance of quality, therefore developing systematic quality assurance systems and quality culture. Ø In higher education: to ensure and improve quality of education and training in interest of all stakeholders (students, labor market, government). Ø For (the knowledge based) society: declaring safeguarded and evaluated quality of programs and/or HE institutions, transparency, informing the public.

Hungarian Higher Education (HHE) HE enrollment: before 1990 at present HE students total: Legal Hungarian Higher Education (HHE) HE enrollment: before 1990 at present HE students total: Legal background: HE institutions: < 10% of age group ~ 380. 000 (half state funded) Act on HE 1993 and 2005 new law in 2012 (draft) ~7 HEI / 1 million people State Church/ Private Total University 19 7 26 College 10 32 42 Total 29 39 68 HEI

System of training programs Before 2005: parallel system of programs - college (practice oriented), System of training programs Before 2005: parallel system of programs - college (practice oriented), 3 -4 y. - university (research oriented), 5 -6 y. Since 2005 (sequence of 3 cycles; Bologna system): - Bachelor – 180/210 credits, 3 -3, 5 y. - Master – 90/120 credits, 2 y - long masters: 300 credits (med, law) - Ph. D – 180 credits, 3+ years Compulsory general changeover started in 2006. This burdened HHE and HAC enormously in recent years. Dr. univ. has a long tradition in Hungary. The present Ph. D form exists since 1993 at universities.

Actors and factors in (Hungarian) HE Quality a) Government: HE Q policy, legal and Actors and factors in (Hungarian) HE Quality a) Government: HE Q policy, legal and financial conds. b) HAC: external Q Evaluation and Accreditation c) HEIs: key performers in quality of the „product”, responsible for internal Q Assurance d) Faculty: determines Q of teaching and research e) Students: accept and reflect to Q of teaching f) Labor market: confirms/questions Q of HE graduates g) Media: reports Q and prepares HE ranking h) Europe: Bologna, EHEA, ESG, ENQA: public Q + international Q labels + US NCFMEA

a) Government (Minister): • • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy a) Government (Minister): • • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy Hungary signed Bologna declaration QUALITY AWARD for HEI QA activity After strong expansion (fourfold increase in student number in a decade) the main focus now: quality! Impact ü Hungarian HE community accepts the need and benefit of QA and accreditation. ü HEIs run QA systems and processes ordered by law. ü State financing is not connected to QA and Accred. ü Quality issue in general is now a common concern of the society.

a) Government (Minister): • • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy. a) Government (Minister): • • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy. Hungary signed Bologna declaration QUALITY AWARD for HEI QA activity After strong expansion (fourfold increase in student number in a decade) the main issue is now: quality! Impact ü Hungarian HE community accepts the need and benefit of QA and accreditation. ü HEIs run QA systems and processes ordered by law. ü State financing is not connected to QA and Accred. ü Quality issue in general is now a common concern of the society.

b) HAC 1 • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament (stakeholders spots). • b) HAC 1 • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament (stakeholders spots). • 19 members (formally appointed by PM), majority delegated by Rector’s Conference and HAS; secretly elected president, committees, for 3+3 years. • Its resolutions are „expert opinions”, legal decisions become effective through minister(ial organs). • There is an independent HAC appeal board. • HAC is a European QA player, charter member of ENQA (European Association for QA in HE), its membership affirmed twice by external reviews. • HAC accepted and applies ESG in all respects.

b) HAC 1 • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament (stakeholders spots). • b) HAC 1 • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament (stakeholders spots). • 12 members (formally appointed by PM), 6 delegated by the minister, 3 HRC, 2 HAS, 1 NCD; president selected by the minister, committees, for 6+6 years. • „Expert opinions” requested by the minister, decisions will be effective through ministerial organ. • There is an independent HAC appeal board. • HAC is a European QA player, charter member of ENQA (European Association for QA in HE), its membership affirmed twice with external reviews. • HAC accepted and applies ESG in all respects.

HAC 2 • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs HAC 2 • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs have to apply to HAC for external QA and accreditation. • HAC has a permanent secretariat (8 + 7 staff) • a database of ~1200 experts (acutally trained) • HAC introduced HE EXCELLENCE AWARDS • HAC has functions in external and in internal QA. • HAC sets public conditions and quality norms in evaluation and accreditation. • HAC activity and decisions are public: http: //www. mab. hu

HAC 2 • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs HAC 2 • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs have to apply for external QA and accreditation in different affairs. • HAC has a permanent secretariat (8 + 7) • a database of ~ 1200 experts (actually trained) • HAC introduced HE EXCELLENCE AWARDS • HAC has functions in external and in internal QA. • HAC sets public conditions and quality norms in evaluation and accreditation. • HAC activity and decisions are public: http: //www. mab. hu

HAC 3 • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity HAC 3 • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity permanently with different actions and co-operations. HAC has an active International Advisory Board. • HAC has to move from evaluation of inputs to outputs. (Note! Filtering out a program at start is less painful than exclusion during the process. ) • HAC wishes that institutions show their values and results at accreditation instead of fearing a critical evaluation. More self-esteem is needed, if it’s well founded! • HAC has its own Self-Assessment mechanisms. • HAC needs to increase its publicity.

HAC 3 • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity HAC 3 • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity permanently with different actions and co-operations. HAC has an active International Advisory Board. • HAC has to move from input to output evaluation. (Note! Filtering out a program at input is less painful than exclusion during the process. ) • HAC wishes that institutions show their values and results at accreditation instead of fearing a critical evaluation. More self-esteem is needed, if it’s well founded! • HAC has its own Self-Assessment mechanism. • HAC has to increase its publicity.

System of HAC activities (external QA) at input (ex ante) – HEI is charged System of HAC activities (external QA) at input (ex ante) – HEI is charged During process & at output (ex post) – free of charge establishing HEIs/faculties Accred. of operating HEI, including QA system (/5 y) establishing B and M programs --- launching B and M programs parallel programs’ evaluation setting up doctoral (Ph. D) schools doctoral schools’ evaluation professors’ appointment ---

System of HAC activities (external QA) at input (ex ante) – HEI is charged System of HAC activities (external QA) at input (ex ante) – HEI is charged During process & at output (ex post) – free of charge establishing HEIs/faculties Accred. of operating HEI, including QA system (/5 y) establishing B and M programs --- launching B and M programs parallel programs’ evaluation setting up doctoral (Ph. D) schools doctoral schools’ evaluation professors’ appointment ---

HAC past activities in figures Average approved Task for HAC cases/year /total establishment of HAC past activities in figures Average approved Task for HAC cases/year /total establishment of HEI/faculty 2– 4 --accred. of operating HEI 8 – 15 --establishment of Bachelor pr. 4– 6 141/163 launching Bachelor programs 80 – 100 ~800/1100 establishment of Master pr. 50 – 60 ~350/450 launching Master programs 300 – 400 ~550/750 parallel accred. of B/M progr. 30 – 80 --accreditation of Ph. D schools 2– 3 10 + 170* opinion for professors’ appt 120 – 140 yes: 90– 100

Processes (standards are published in advance): Ex ante accreditations (input conditions): in 90 days Processes (standards are published in advance): Ex ante accreditations (input conditions): in 90 days Ø written proposal submitted Ø 2 HAC expert reviews (anonymous) → Ø disciplinary committees’ proposal (15 members) → Ø resolution of HAC plenum Ex post accreditation (during operation): in 1 year Ø self-evaluation report (including C-SWOT) → Ø site visit by a visiting team (HAC experts, incl. student, stakeholder, QA specialist) → Ø draft of the accr. report of the visiting team → Ø comments from the HEI → Ø resolution of HAC plenum

A unique system: parallel accreditation of all doctoral schools (Ph. D programs) in Hungary. A unique system: parallel accreditation of all doctoral schools (Ph. D programs) in Hungary. ü a full, live, open access electronic database, covering all 26 universities +1 college: www. doktori. hu. (Information for students!) ü ex ante and ex post evaluation of ~200 doctoral schools, the 3 rd cycle of Bologna system, including - documents of functions, teaching and research plans, coherency, programs of QA, - websites, - ~ 2200 core members evaluated individually by qualification, performance and relevance to the respective school. This mirrors the quality of scientific output of HEI.

Impact of HAC on HEIs ü HEIs consider the quality norms and consequences of Impact of HAC on HEIs ü HEIs consider the quality norms and consequences of external evaluation in all issues : applications are often prepared carefully; exceptions ~25%. ü HAC conditions and norms are the same for all – state and non-state (but state recognized) – HEIs. ü HAC has high quality norms in order to compensate the expansive ambitions of HEIs (state financing follows student number, not quality). ü HAC evaluations result in requests and advice for QA systems and management of HEIs. ü HAC as a strong quality safeguard reduces the responsibility of HEIs: HAC whishes to change it!

c) HEI quality management 1 – 2 documents Ø HE Act: „The HEI operates c) HEI quality management 1 – 2 documents Ø HE Act: „The HEI operates an internal QA system. The HEI prepares a quality development program. • It specifies the process of operation, like the execution of management, planning, control, measurement, assessment, and consumer protection related tasks • regulates the rules pertaining to the evaluation of lecturer performance by the students. • The HEI annually revises the implementation of the program and • publishes its findings on the website. ” ü QA systems are developed, programs start formally.

c) HEI quality management 1 – 2 documents Ø HE Act: „The HEI operates c) HEI quality management 1 – 2 documents Ø HE Act: „The HEI operates an internal QA system. The HEI prepares a quality development program. • It specifies the process of operation, like the execution of management, planning, control, measurement, assessment, and consumer protection related tasks, • regulates the rules pertaining to the evaluation of lecturer performance by the students. • The HEI annually revises the implementation of the program and • publishes its findings on the website. ” ü QA systems are developed, programs start formally.

HEA’s question: • Secretariat manages (organizes) the process of accreditation (logistics, printed and e-reports, HEA’s question: • Secretariat manages (organizes) the process of accreditation (logistics, printed and e-reports, visits). • HAC secretariat has 15 permanent members (8 professional and 7 administrative). • Independent expert members of the visiting panels are selected by HAC plenum from a large database. • Reports are written by the visiting panel. • HAC delivers draft of the reports to the HEI on comments before accepting the final version. • Compulsory accreditation is financed by the state in the HAC’s budget

 • Evaluation of HEI’s proposal is financed by the HEI (fee is set • Evaluation of HEI’s proposal is financed by the HEI (fee is set by the government). • HAC has web-published criteria as a base for accreditation of all courses and programs. • Average period for one institutional and parallel program accreditation is about one year. • HAC conducts accreditation of the third cycle; e-databese: www. doktori. hu

QA vs. QP: QA isn’t an art for art sake: the main aim of QA vs. QP: QA isn’t an art for art sake: the main aim of QA is good Quality Product: - high class graduates, - excellent science and innovation, - efficient local/social services.

Thank you for the invitation and for your kind attention! Thank you for the invitation and for your kind attention!