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HUKUMAN SEBAT di Malaysia
AMARAN : Mengandungi imej explicit Antara banduan ini adalah pencuri, perompak, pembunuh dan lain lagi. Mungkin ada dari penonton yang menjadi mangsa kepada banduan dalam tayangan ini. Cubalah renungkan sejenak, adakah anda mahu melalui kesakitan yang teramat ini? Adakah kesakitan ini "worth it" ? Semua kesalahan berpunca dari kehendak kita untuk mendapat "keseronokan" , "kekayaan" , "kekuasaan" dengan cara yang CEPAT. Apabila kita mengambil langkah yang salah untuk mencapai 3 K ini. . . Kehidupan manusia sekitar kita hancur punah. 3 K ini mungkin berada dengan anda sejenak, akan tetapi. . . Sepandai tupai melompat akhirnya jatuh ke tanah juga! Ikutilah cara hidup yang sihat. Jauhi jenayah!
HUKUMAN SEBAT Malaysia - judicial caning
Kesan selepas sebatan
Prison warder Kpl Jigeira Singh whipping an effigy to show whippings are carried out on criminal offenders, at SK Taiping
Students wincing as a prison officer shows how a cane swung at 160 kmh can leave even hardened criminals crying.
ALOR STAR May 27 - Two padi farmers were jailed for between eight and 10 years and ordered to be given six strokes of the rotan each by the Sessions Court here Thursday for raping an underage girl four years ago. Azman Ahmad and Yusrizal Yusof, both 24, were found guilty of raping the girl, who was then aged 15 years 10 months, in a hut in Pida 2 1/2, Sungai Korok, Kubang Pasu, between 11. 15 pm and 11. 40 pm on Aug 21, 2000.
Pegawai yang bertugas sedang mengemaskini ikatan pada tiang sebatan sebelum hukuman sebat dijalankan
Demontrasi sebatan pada patung
Kesan sebatan sedang dirawat
JENAYAH Kesan luka selepas disebat
Jenis-jenis alat sebatan yang digunakan
Demontrasi pada patung
Kesan sebat akan kekal selamanya sebagai kenangan yang tak dapat dilupakan
Hukuman sedang dijalankan
Hukuman sedang dijalankan
Some will find this material shocking. It is not for the squeamish. You may not want to watch these films if you don't approve of severe corporal punishment for ruthless, violent, adult male criminals. It is your choice. Hukuman sedang dijalankan
Hukuman sedang dijalankan The instant the last stroke is laid on, the officer shouts "habis" ("finished"). In one case we can hear one of the attendants positioned closest to the prisoner at the frame telling him to "take a breath, take a breath" ("tarik nafas").
Banduan sedang di bawa masuk ke tempat sebatan
Banduan akan ditemu bual terlebih dahulu oleh doktor
Dibawa ke tempat sebatan
Di ikat terlebih dahulu
Di ikat pada pinggang
Its design is slightly different from that shown in the official photograph of a prisoner prepared for caning.
For a view of the Pudu Prison information officer demonstratin g its use, see "Pudu Jail museum is a family crowd-puller" in The Archive.
Dibaca jumlah hukuman kepada pesalah
Di rawat sebelum dijatuhkan hukuman
Official picture of Malaysian prisoner prepared for caning. Taken from the brochure for the Pudu Prison Exhibition, Kuala Lumpur, 1997.
Dipastikan ikatan supaya kemas
Hukuman sedang dijalankan
Wajah pesalah Riak mukanya membayangkan betapa peritnya menahan kepedihan dan kesakitan
Ikatan sedang dibuka sebaik sahaja selesai hukumun untuk diberi rawatan
Diletak untuk diberi rawatan
Punishment by caning
Acara sebatan secara Islam di Indonesia
Indonesia laksana hukuman sebat JAKARTA 24 Jun - Undang-undang Indonesia hari ini mencatat sejarah apabila hukuman sebat dilaksanakan ke atas 15 orang yang melakukan kesalahan berjudi berdasarkan syariat Islam yang mula dikuatkuasakan di Aceh. Hukuman bersejarah itu dilaksanakan selepas solat Jumaat di halaman terbuka Masjid Agung Bireun, kira-kira 350 kilometer dari Banda Aceh disaksikan kira-kira 2, 000 penduduk setempat dan mendapat liputan meluas media massa. Atas alasan kesihatan, baki 11 lagi tertuduh akan menjalani hukuman di halaman masjid di daerah masing-masing pada waktu yang belum ditetapkan lagi. Kesemua mereka yang kebanyakannya petani dan peniaga kecil ditangkap semasa sedang berjudi dalam tempoh beberapa bulan ini, sejak undang-undang syariat dikuatkuasakan. Mahkamah Syariah Bireun mendapati mereka bersalah dan menjatuhkan hukuman sebat di antara enam dan sepuluh kali berdasarkan Peraturan Daerah No. 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Perjudian.
Indonesia laksana hukuman sebat Sebelum disebat, identiti dan kesalahan tertuduh dibacakan untuk memberi ingatan kepada orang ramai yang berpusu-pusu di halaman masjid supaya tidak mengulangi kesalahan yang sama. Selepas menjalani hukuman sebat itu, mereka dibebaskan dan menerima bungkusan hadiah serta dipeluk oleh para pegawai agama dan daerah yang menghadiri majlis tersebut. Mengikut peraturan hukuman sebat, rotan yang digunakan berdiameter di antara 0. 75 hingga 1 sentimeter dan panjang 1 meter dengan sebatan tidak sehingga menimbulkan luka. Hukuman rotan bagi kesalahan berjudi dan berkhalwat ini mendapat kecaman beberapa organisasi hak asasi manusia yang menyifatkannya tidak berperikemanusiaan dan merendahkan darjat manusia. Pelbagai pihak juga mendesak agar hukuman sebat turut dikenakan terhadap kesalahan lain khususnya yang menimbulkan kerugian kepada negara seperti rasuah dan menyelewengkan wang kerajaan Kerajaan Pusat Indonesia memberi kebenaran kepada wilayah Aceh menjalankan undang-undang Syariah Islam pada tahun 2001. - Utusan
Commercial postcard from the Old Melbourne Gaol, now a museum, in Australia. The implements appear to be a cat, a birch and a cane. The flogging triangle itself resembles others we have seen, but the device attached to its front is unlike anything I have previously seen. A reader who has visited the museum writes to say that this is a hinged pad, "something like a folding table, covered in green billiard-table-type felt", to be locked down for birching on the buttocks (with the prisoner bending over it) and kept in the illustrated upright position for flogging on the upper back.
Whipping stand, Adelaide
BRUNEI Demonstration on a dummy of judicial caning in Brunei
Caned buttocks Evidently not the same picture as the one linked above. This seems to be from some sort of museum or display, because it has a caption, which reads in Malay: Kesan luka hukuman sebat ("marks of wounds from caning punishment"). Malay is an official language in both Brunei and Malaysia, so why do I think this is probably from Brunei? First, because the JCP material that we know to have been displayed in Malaysia, such as at the Pudu Prison Exhibition in Kuala Lumpur, was captioned in English. .
CHINA Found in a picture agency's library, this is dated "circa 1900" and its caption reads: "Chinese punishment: Whipping a lawbreaker. Even theft of a few pennies brought about this severe reprisal. " Note that the modus operandi is identical to that in "Wei Hai Wei flogging" (see below).
Punishment of the Bastinado Hand-coloured engraving from a painting by Thomas Allom, published in London around 1843. Most dictionaries define bastinado as a punishment applied to the soles of the feet, but this is clearly a caning on the clothed backside. You can buy a full-size print for £ 22 at http: //www. oldprints. co. uk/prints /cn/images/cn 093. htm. For a glimpse of the long history of this kind of punishment in China, and a much older illustration, see this 2003 news item.
Wei Hai Wei flogging From an undated postcard, which had "punished for stealing" written on the back. Wei Hai Wei is a port and naval base on the north coast of the Shantung Peninsula. It was leased to the British (who called it Port Edward) from 1898 to 1930, hence perhaps the British-looking soldier who is evidently monitoring this infliction. However, the modus operandi shown here is more traditional Chinese than British
CONGO (formerly BELGIAN CONGO) Native flogging This picture has appeared in various places, most recently in King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa by Adam Hochschild (Boston, 1999). It seems likely to be from the period around 1900 when the King of Belgium was running the Congo as his personal fief with the aid of slave labour. The culprit is completely naked, but the strokes of the whip appear to be landing across the buttocks alone. It seems a bit odd that this is going on in what looks like a country lane. Perhaps other officials are present, but of shot. Is the onlooker an assistant to the operation, or -- noting his rather hangdog posture, and the fact that he seems to be holding his own bottom -- another offender waiting his turn?
'Civilisation in Congo Painting dated 1884, on show at "Memory of Congo: The Colonial Era" exhibition in Brussels. The exhibition's caption says: "Flogging by whip or stick, a punishment reserved for Africans, was allowed by penal law until 1940. It was also allowed by army and prison regulations. It could also be used as a form of punishment wherever custom allowed it. Flogging had already been denounced when Stanley was 'founding the Free State'. It was then a vestige of pre-colonial slavery. Thus it is not enough to regard the whip as simply the symbol of colonial oppression. " This punishment is being given on the upper back, in contrast to the previous item, which gives photographic proof of flogging on the bare buttocks.
• EGYPT Pictures from the 1950 s. The man is being whipped for charging too much for his bread. It appears the punishment took place in public. Note the curious crucifix-style whipping post with a hole for the offender to put his head through. The second picture shows a doctor attending to him afterwards.
GERMANY Prügelbock This Prügelbock (whipping trestle) is at the prison museum at Celle, Lower Saxony. On it sits a cat with perhaps six tails. The museum's German-language website says that this particular example was used until 1913. There don't seem to be any other details. It's hard to work out from the picture what goes where, or what the bits and pieces to the left and underneath are for.
HONG KONG Caning A-frame and trestle From the same event as the previous item. The VIPs are standing by the A-frame. The cane looks excessively rigid but perhaps in actual use it would have been soaked in water to make it flexible.
Another picture of the A-frame Students learn about corporal punishment
INDIA Flogging frames, Andaman Islands The Andaman Islands are off the Burma/Thailand coast, but belong to India. A large prison was built at the main town, Port Blair, under British rule, and part of it is now a museum. These two pictures are of two slightly different flogging frames there. The colour picture shows one on display with a model of a prisoner mounted on it, .
INDONESIA (formerly DUTCH EAST INDIES From a Dutch book, Uit onze Koloniën: Uitvoerig reisverhaal (From our colonies: Detailed account of a journey), by Henri Hubert van Kol (Leiden, 1903). The prisoner's buttocks have been bared, though only just. He is tied, rather loosely it would appear, to a post that looks as if it has been installed and fitted out specially for the purpose. Two officials (at left of picture) are pulling on a rope attached to a ring holding his wrists. Everyone looks rather stiff, as if consciously posing for the photographer, and the man with the cane is holding it still in the air and is plainly not in motion, so I think the whole scene is probably staged.
IRAN (formerly PERSIA) Persia is the country now known as Iran. Note that exactly the same punishment is still applied there to this day, with the offender similarly stripped to the waist, in front of a crowd likewise gathered in the street -- see this February 2001 news photograph. However, in 1910 they used a proper flogging triangle rather than a lamp post, and had two operators inflicting alternate strokes from opposite sides.
MALAYSIA A judicial caning I'm virtually certain this is from Malaysia, though it appears on another website as being from Singapore and on yet another as from Thailand. The men are of Malay/Indonesian racial type -- with the Malay-Muslim penchant for moustaches much in evidence -- which would make it Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei or Indonesia. But there is no formal JCP in Indonesia, and in Singapore and Brunei the culprit is, as far as I am aware, always in a bendingover posture with feet together, whereas we know from other pictures that in Malaysia the recipient stands upright, feet apart, as here.
Caning demonstration on a dummy Picture from the website of the State of Johor Anti-Drug Agency of the Johor Ministry of Internal Security. The caption in Malay says "Demontrasi hukuman sebat bagi kesalahan pengedaran dan memiliki dadah" (Demonstration of caning punishment for the offences of trafficking in and possessing drugs). What's quite interesting is that, unlike the other dummy caning pictures we have seen, the audience here are not the general public but uniformed staff of some kind. Could this be a sort of preliminary training session for prison officers thinking of volunteering to become whipping operatives?
clearer view of the dummy Clearly the same dummy as above, this time put on show in a shopping mall in Johore Baru, capital of Johor state, as shown on the website of one Seattle Steve, who was visiting JB as a tourist and found it all a bit much. The trestle shown looks a bit too flimsy to be a real one. Also on display were these punishment canes, the smallest one being for punishing white-collar crimes. Steve says he was told the smaller ones hurt just as much as the big one, which seems rather unlikely to me. Were that so, what would be the point of having a smaller one?
Public caning in Pakistan In colour for the first time, and a better-quality picture than we have had before, this is clearly a judicial caning in Pakistan before a crowd at a stadium. I think it is probably Karachi - the Aframe is identical to that seen in this sequence of pictures. This would be during the regime of General Zia al Huq, around 1980. One difference with the other pictures is that the administering officer appears not to be taking a run-up. Note another prison officer in the background holding a bundle of canes. For yet more Pakistan JCP photos
Another open-air caning This Associated Press picture is credited to "AP Photo/Naeem-ul-Haq" and the caption reads: "A 40 -year-old drug dealer is publicly given 10 lashes at a playground on Sunday morning, July 23, 1995 in Karachi. Zameen Khan alias Sheenu was arrested in 1990 with 1. 5 kg of heroin. He was sentenced to five years' imprisonment and 10 lashes by the court. It was the first time since 1988 that an accused was publicly flogged. " This makes it much more recent than the other Pakistan caning pictures we have, all of which are thought to date from around 1980. The offender has been made to bend over and hold on to an ordinary domestic chair, rather after the manner of a naughty schoolboy being dealt with in the headmaster's study, as also seen in the top and bottom pictures on this page
And another one Rather like the previous one, in that it's another "schoolboy-style" caning, in a rather public-looking place but with hardly any of the public present. (I think the spectator in white may be another culprit waiting his turn to bend over the chair; it's hard to be certain, but he looks as if he may be being held on a chain by the wrist. ) This picture allegedly comes from Newsweek in 1987. I hope to check that out later and, if I do find it, to reproduce whatever text went with it.
Flogged on the ground This Associated Press photo is captioned: "Nadeem Butt, a notorious local drug seller, is publicly beaten by police in Lahore Saturday, Jan. 10, 1998. During the Islamic holy fasting month of Ramadan, police are on special alert for vice crimes such as drug pushing and gambling. " Which rather gives the impression that this isn't a caning by order of a court, but an ad hoc, not to say ultra vires, informal punishment carried out on the spot at the police's whim. However, it can't have been as ad hoc as all that, (a) because a press photographer was present and (b) because the culprit is being held by a chain to his wrists, so some element of preparation has gone into the event. Had this been in one of the tribal areas that are beyond the reach of the central government, it would be less surprising -- see for instance this public whipping by so-called religious scholars in 1992
PAPUA NEW GUINEA Rabaul is the main town on the island of New Britain, part of what is now Papua New Guinea. The part of New Guinea taken by Britain in the 19 th century passed to Australian control in 1906. Other bits of it, including Rabaul, had been in German hands since 1884. When the First World War broke out, Australian forces occupied the German areas, taking Rabaul on 13 September 1914. This photograph, captioned "Germans are flogged at Rabaul for beating a priest they thought was a spy", appeared without further explanation in an unidentified Australian reference work.
Another Chechnya caning This came with the caption "Chechen man caned in Grozny, Sept 15, 1996". The source is unknown, but the picture looks genuine enough.
SOUTH KOREA Ancient flogging punishment re-enacted at Seoul Folk Museum This flogging bench is provided for the enlightenment (and use!) of visitors at the Folk Village Museum in Seoul. Compare with these pictures of the real thing about 100 years ago, which all appear to involve an implement more like a cane or switch than the big "paddle" shown here.
Flogging equipment at Seoul Folk Museum: not in use Another picture of the bench, this time without anyone on it, giving a clearer view of the details of the contraption.
UGANDA This appeared on 21 April 2004 in a Lira-based Atesotlanguage paper, Rupiny, with the following text: odo: LC tye ka miyo odo tye ka kayo dud lakwo dek. LAKWO mo ma oywek atika i Kitgum taun ma dano ngeyo ki nying ni Kao odoo okayo dude malit pi kwalo dek i gang pa min Otoi i Oryang Ojuma icabit ma okato ni J. Moro coyo. Nyeri ikare ma kimake en bene oye ni en ki luwote mogo aye gikwalo dek pa min Otoi kacel ki gweni abic idye wor meno kun giburu dano ni gin gibedo adui LRA pa Kony. LC 1 me East Ward Alfred Omara owaco ni rwom me kwo tye malo mada tutwale kwo me dyegi, opego, gweni ki jami odi matino calo cupuria. jerry can,
Galamira mangu nkuwe ebibyo Further to the above, another local paper, Bukedde, has now (4 January 2005) published this similar picture.
UNITED KINGDOM A British prison flogging This is believed to be the only official picture ever published of a (possibly posed) flogging with the cat-o'-nine-tails in a British prison. This might be either as a judicial sentence by a court (in addition to a prison term) or as a punishment for a very serious breach of internal prison discipline; the procedure in the two cases was identical. I believe the picture was authorised by Winston Churchill as Home Secretary of the day, which fixes the date at 1910 or 1911.
Staged reconstruction of a British prison flogging Hollywood movies are not renowned for getting historical details right, to put it mildly. But here is an exception. I'm told the picture is a still from a 1948 film noir called "Kiss the Blood off my Hands" (which I haven't seen), starring Burt Lancaster as an American seaman falling into crime in London. Compare with the real thing, above. The frame appears to have been reproduced very precisely. This view gives a clearer impression of the hoist-and-pulley system keeping the prisoner's arms stretched up. However, the handle of the cat looks to be too long and its separate strands don't appear to hang down properly -- the implement is too big altogether and looks more like an ordinary whip. Perhaps the makers of the film didn't think the real thing looked scary enough: it was a surprisingly small and lightweight implement, according to this article by a retired police chief in a tabloid paper of 1954, by which time CP could no longer be ordered by the courts but was still occasionally used for prison disciplinary offences involving serious violence.
Flogging a Convict A cigarette card, allegedly from 1902. Although published in the UK, the picture has an American look. In any event it is probably posed by actors and not "the real thing".
The flogging stand in Govan Police Station This picture (though possibly not the object itself) is in a museum in Glasgow. The strange "flogging stand" looks to have been adapted from some piece of domestic furniture, possibly a wardrobe. It's difficult to see otherwise why it would be made of polished wood or have such an elaborate and otiose cornice at the top. At all events, the picture is highly misleading in showing the lad stripped down TO the waist, implying that the punishment was applied to the upper back. He should be stripped FROM the waist down: juvenile police court birchings and tawsings in Scotland were, as far as I know, always administered across the offender's bare posterior. Note padding on the front of the thing to cushion the boy's abdomen. That in itself tends to suggest that the impact was expected at a level somewhat lower than his shoulders
Supplement on Saudi Arabia Soldiers administering corporal punishment in the main square of Riyadh.