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How to Write a Paper Carl Che 2002. 9 How to Write a Paper Carl Che 2002. 9

Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Details § Bibliographies

Introduction § Guidance in Writing a Paper • Just Frame (Mike Ashby) • Not Introduction § Guidance in Writing a Paper • Just Frame (Mike Ashby) • Not Content (Hang Li) • Not Publication (Ya-Qin Zhang) § What’s Good Written Papers? • Readable, Remembered, Cited § Wanna Write Something

Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Details § Bibliographies

Market § Market is Readers! § Thesis • Examiners – Details of All Research Market § Market is Readers! § Thesis • Examiners – Details of All Research § Paper • Skilled Referees – Check • Scientifically-literate Public – Extract Information § Research Proposal • Funding Agency – Judge § Popular article • Intelligent but Un-informed Public

Concept § § § Making Concept-Sheet (Slides) Structure Thinking Freedom of thought Range over Concept § § § Making Concept-Sheet (Slides) Structure Thinking Freedom of thought Range over Entire Paper De-focus – Forget Details The most satisfying Step of Writing

Concept-Sheet Concept-Sheet

Embodiment – First Draft § Do it in Any Order • • • Title Embodiment – First Draft § Do it in Any Order • • • Title Abstract Introduction Method Result Discussion Conclusion Figures …

How to Read a Paper § § § Title Abstract Conclusion Figures And Move How to Read a Paper § § § Title Abstract Conclusion Figures And Move on

Title § Meaningful and Brief § Consists of Keywords § Avoid Using Abbreviation Title § Meaningful and Brief § Consists of Keywords § Avoid Using Abbreviation

Abstract § Try for One Sentence each on: • • Motive Method Key Results Abstract § Try for One Sentence each on: • • Motive Method Key Results Conclusions § Don’t exceed 3 sentences on Anyone § Whether to Read on

Conclusion § § § Most important results List any reservations or limitations Don’t duplicate Conclusion § § § Most important results List any reservations or limitations Don’t duplicate the Abstract Summing up of the advances Bullet-Pointed List

Figures § Reproduced or imitated by others § Self-Contained • • Title Labeled Axes Figures § Reproduced or imitated by others § Self-Contained • • Title Labeled Axes Defined Units …

Introduction § What’s the problem and why’s it interesting? § Who are the main Introduction § What’s the problem and why’s it interesting? § Who are the main contributors? § What did they do? § What novel thing will you reveal? § State you will do a new thing!

Method § § Easy to write Allow to be repeated by someone else But Method § § Easy to write Allow to be repeated by someone else But no more Keep results for the next section

Results § § Easy to write, too Present the Output Concise and Meaningful Don’t Results § § Easy to write, too Present the Output Concise and Meaningful Don’t mix with Discussion

Discussion § Extract Principles, Relationships, Generalizations § Present Analysis, Model or Theory § Show Discussion § Extract Principles, Relationships, Generalizations § Present Analysis, Model or Theory § Show relationship between the results and analysis, model or theory § Clear and Concise

Details § § Grammar Spelling Punctuation Style Details § § Grammar Spelling Punctuation Style

Style § § § Be Clear Write from an appropriate design Define everything Avoid Style § § § Be Clear Write from an appropriate design Define everything Avoid empty words Revise and rewrite Do not overstate, over-emphasize or apologize

Style (Cont. ) § Avoid being patronizing, condescending or eccentric § Use appropriate language Style (Cont. ) § Avoid being patronizing, condescending or eccentric § Use appropriate language § Good first sentence § Seek helpful examples and analogies § Linking § Observe good writing § Finally…

Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Outline § Introduction § Steps to Write a Paper • • Market Concept Embodiment Details § Bibliographies

Bibliographies § How to Write a Paper • Mike Ashby § Some Notes on Bibliographies § How to Write a Paper • Mike Ashby § Some Notes on English Technical Writing • Hang Li § How to Publish a (good) Paper? • Ya-Qin Zhang § Efficient Reading of Papers in Science and Thchnology

Reading makes a full man conference a ready man and writing an exact man Reading makes a full man conference a ready man and writing an exact man --- Francis Bacon

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