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How to Use This Presentation • To View the presentation as a slideshow with How to Use This Presentation • To View the presentation as a slideshow with effects select “View” on the menu bar and click on “Slide Show. ” • To advance through the presentation, click the right arrow key or the space bar. • From the resources slide, click on any resource to see a presentation for that resource. • From the Chapter menu screen click on any lesson to go directly to that lesson’s presentation. • You may exit the slide show at any time by pressing the Esc key. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Resources Chapter Presentation Image and Activity Bank Transparencies Brain Food Video Quiz Bellringers Quotes Resources Chapter Presentation Image and Activity Bank Transparencies Brain Food Video Quiz Bellringers Quotes About Character Chapter menu Chapter Menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Quotes About Character “A good name, like good will, is got by many actions Quotes About Character “A good name, like good will, is got by many actions and lost by one. ” —Lord Jeffrey Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All Chapter 10 Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Alcohol Contents • Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body • Section 2 Chapter 10 Alcohol Contents • Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body • Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society • Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Bellringer • What impact would it Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Bellringer • What impact would it have if every alcohol container were labeled with the word drug. Would it make a difference in your perception of the dangers of alcohol? Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Objectives • State why alcohol is Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Objectives • State why alcohol is considered a drug. • List the short-term effects of alcohol use. • Describe the long-term damage that alcohol does to the organs of the body. • Identify three reasons you should not drink alcohol. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Alcohol Is a Drug • Alcohol Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Alcohol Is a Drug • Alcohol is the drug found in beer, wine, and liquor that causes intoxication. The type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages is called Ethyl alcohol. • Alcohol is the most widely used & abused drug. • Intoxication includes all the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol. • One drink is: • 12 oz. of beer • 6 oz. glass of wine • 1 ½ to 2 oz. shot of liquor • It takes 1 hour to rid 1 drink of alcohol. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Effects Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Effects on the Body 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Slows down reaction time Nausea Vomiting Dehydration Poor vision Blackout Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Effects Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Effects on the Mind 1. Slows down the CNS (central nervous system) (any drug that slows down the CNS then it is a depressant). 2. Loses inhibitions. 3. Loses coordination and judgment. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Factors of alcohol • There are several factors that determine the effects alcohol has Factors of alcohol • There are several factors that determine the effects alcohol has on an individual. They are: – – – – Food in the stomach Genetics Gender Size/weight Tolerance Amount of alcohol taken it Drugs in system How quick you drink the alcoholic beverage. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Blood Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Short-Term Effects of Alcohol • Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood expressed as a percentage. • Alcohol has different effects at different BACs. • Binge drinking is the act of drinking five or more drinks in one sitting. This can be fatal. • Alcohol is a poison. The body will rid the alcohol by: • 1 st- Urination • 2 nd- Sweating • 3 rd- Vomiting • 4 th- Incontinence Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Long-Term Effects of Alcohol • Prolonged Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Long-Term Effects of Alcohol • Prolonged use of alcohol can damage the heart, blood, liver, kidneys, pancreas, the digestive tract, and the immune system. • Cirrhosis is a disease caused by long-term alcohol use in which healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Long-Term Effects of Alcohol • Alcohol Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Long-Term Effects of Alcohol • Alcohol causes permanent changes in the brain due to cell death from dehydration and lack of oxygen. • Alcoholism is the second leading cause of dementia in the United States. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Chapter 10 Section 1 Alcohol Affects the Body Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Bellringer • List criteria Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Bellringer • List criteria you think could be used to diagnose alcoholism. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Objectives • State the Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Objectives • State the difference between alcohol abuse and alcoholism. • Describe the stages in which alcoholism develops. • Identify the warning signs of alcoholism. • List three ways that alcohol use can have a negative effect on family life. • Describe how alcoholism affects society. • Summarize two treatment options for overcoming alcoholism. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society What Is Alcoholism? • Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society What Is Alcoholism? • Alcohol abuse is drinking too much alcohol, drinking it too often, or drinking it at inappropriate times. • Alcoholism is a disease that causes a person to lose control of his or her drinking behavior. • Alcoholics are physically and emotionally addicted to alcohol, and suffer painful symptoms when they do not have alcohol. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Develops in Stages Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Develops in Stages Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Develops in Stages Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Develops in Stages • Risk factors for alcoholism include: Age, Social environment, genetics, risk-taking personality The 3 stages of alcoholism are: • 1 st stage- social- Begin to experiment & drink with friends. • 2 nd stage- tolerance- need more of alcohol to achieve the same effect. • 3 rd stage- addicted- Can not control his or her drinking. • Withdrawal- is when symptoms occur when a person stops using a drug to which he or she is physiologically dependent. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Be able to list Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Be able to list 3 warning signs of Alcoholism. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Affects the Family Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Affects the Family • Families of alcoholics may suffer from the following: • • • Guilty feelings Unpredictable behavior Violence Neglect and isolation Protecting the alcoholic Ignoring one’s own needs Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Affects the Family Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Affects the Family • Enabling means helping an addict avoid the negative consequences of his or her behavior. • Codependency is the condition in which a family member or friend sacrifices his or her own needs to meet the needs of an addict. • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition in which a fetus has been adversely affected by its mother’s heavy alcohol use during pregnancy. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Can Be Treated Chapter 10 Section 2 Alcoholism Affects the Family and Society Alcoholism Can Be Treated • There are many treatment options for alcoholics. • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the most widely used program. It involves a 12 -step recovery method and regular meetings. • Al-Anon and Alateen provide treatment and support for people with alcoholics in their family. • SADD= The organization that students can join to help address drinking and driving. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Bellringer • Write down 5 ways that Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Bellringer • Write down 5 ways that drinking alcohol can impair a person’s driving. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Objectives • Identify the role alcohol plays Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Objectives • Identify the role alcohol plays in teen driving accidents. • List the legal consequences of underage drinking. • Summarize how underage drinking can harm a teen’s future. • List three ways you could refuse alcohol if it were offered to you. • Identify student groups and organizations that are involved in educating people about the dangers of alcohol. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death among teens. • Many of these accidents are alcohol-related. • Effects alcohol has on driving are: • • • Slows your reaction time Affects your vision Makes you drowsy Reduces your coordination Affects your judgment More likely to take risk Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • In Texas, a BAC of. 08 is the illegal limit for driving under the influence of alcohol. • PI (public intoxication)- A ticket for drinking & being drunk in public • DWI (Driving While Intoxicated)- Any age can receive this if they are drinking and driving with a BAC level above. 08. • DUI (Driving Under the Influence)- Any one under the age of 21 can receive this if they are drinking and driving and the policeman “detects” alcohol on the person. • MIP (Minor in possession)- Any one under the age of 21 who has alcohol in their possession. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking and Driving: A Deadly Combination • To protect yourself from dangerous situations of alcohol on the road: • Don’t drink • Plan ahead: pick a designated driver • Arrange a ride • Call a cab • Designated driver- A person who chooses not to drink alcohol in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive others home. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking Puts Your Future at Risk • Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Drinking Puts Your Future at Risk • Drinking and Jail You can be sent to jail for trying to buy alcohol, possessing a fake ID, or for drinking in a public place. • Drinking and Sexual Activity The impaired judgment from drinking can put you at risk of any of the dangers of unplanned sexual activity. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter 10 Drinking Puts Your Future at Risk Drinking Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter 10 Drinking Puts Your Future at Risk Drinking and Teen Brains Alcohol use affects the rapidly developing brains of teens. • The most common reason teens start drinking is because of peer pressure. Consequences of underage drinking: • Suspension of drivers license • Heavy fines • Possible jail time • Parents loss trust & are disappointed • Death • Injury Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Saying No to Alcohol • The best Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Saying No to Alcohol • The best way to avoid alcohol is to stay away from people who drink and places where people are drinking. • You should practice ways of saying “No” so you will be prepared when someone offers you a drink. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Building Self Esteem • A healthy self-esteem Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Building Self Esteem • A healthy self-esteem helps you resist pressure to do things you know are unhealthy. • The next slide reminds you of ways to build your selfesteem. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Saying No to Alcohol • Practicing your Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Saying No to Alcohol • Practicing your refusal skills makes it easier to refuse alcohol if it is offered to you. • The next slide provides a review of your refusal skills. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Making GREAT Decisions • Use the Making Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Making GREAT Decisions • Use the Making GREAT Decisions model, shown on the next slide, to make good choices. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Building Resiliency • Being offered alcohol can Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Building Resiliency • Being offered alcohol can be a stressful situation. Resilient people continue to be optimistic when life gets tough. The next slide provides eight skills to help build your resiliency. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

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Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Joining the Fight Against Drunk Driving • Chapter 10 Section 3 Teens and Alcohol Joining the Fight Against Drunk Driving • Two organizations that spread information and work to end problems with drunk driving are: • Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) • Students Against Drunk Driving (SADD) Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

CHAPTER 10 QUICK REVIEW VOCABULARY Alcoholism Cirrhosis Designated Driver Binge Drinking Intoxication Enabling Fetal CHAPTER 10 QUICK REVIEW VOCABULARY Alcoholism Cirrhosis Designated Driver Binge Drinking Intoxication Enabling Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 1. _____ is when symptoms occur when a person stops using a drug to which he or she is physiologically dependent. 2. The alcohol found in alcoholic beverages is called __________ alcohol. 3. What is MADD? What is SADD? 4. One alcoholic drink is equivalent to _______ounces of _______, _____ ounces of ________ & _______ ounces of ________. 5. What does BAC stand for? What is the legal limit in Texas? 6. It takes _____ hour(s) to rid the body of 1 drink. 7. 8. 9. 10. List 3 short-term affects of alcohol. List 3 factors that can change the effectiveness of alcohol on the body. List 3 warning signs of alcoholism List 3 effects alcohol has on driving. Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

End of Chapter 10 Show Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and End of Chapter 10 Show Chapter menu Resources Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.