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History of the Ancient and Medieval World Rebuilding The West Walsingham Academy Mrs. Mc. Arthur Room 111
Summary: 500 -1000 A. D. The heirs to the Roman Empire included: • The Byzantine Empire • The Islamic Empire • The Germanic Kingdoms • A blending of cultures • The role of The Christian Church • The Vikings • Feudalism and Manorialism: Response to Chaos
Feudalism and the Manor Economy Being Knighted on the Battlefield Why do you think a squire might be knighted on the battlefield rather than in the usual formal ceremony? Bulwark against Chaos
Feudalism and Obligations Norman knight wearing chain mail Norman Church Romanesque Architecture (Each image is a link. )
Manorialism: economic basis of feudalism Generic plan of a medieval manor; openfield strip farming, some enclosures, triennial crop rotation, demesne and manse, common woodland, pasturage and meadow Check out a “new” medieval castle (Click on the plan) Optional SCA due Monday: How did religious houses mirror this world?
In-Class Activity Define terms, answer questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Feudalism Develops World of Knights and Nobles Defending the Castle Biography: Eleanor of Aquitaine Manors Support Feudalism Map Activity
The Medieval Church: In-Class Discussion 1. The Church Dominates Medieval Life (pp. 225 -227) 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Spread of Christianity, Map (pp. 226) Monasteries and Convents (pp. 227 -228) The Power of the Church Grows (pp. 229 -229) Corruption and Reform (pp. 229 -230) Jews in Europe (pp. 230) The Gregorian Chant (next slide)
The Church Question: What is the relationship between the Gregorian Chant and life in a medieval monastery? Background: This style of singing grew out of Jewish worship traditions and was influenced by the music of the Greek Church. The name Gregorian Chant comes from Pope Gregory I, 590 -604, biographer of St. Benedict. He set up schools to teach the proper forms of chant and collect and preserve the singing of the monks. Consider: rhythm, beat, language, effect
Assignments 1 -2 1. Read text, pp. 219 -224 2. Define blue-bold terms 3. Answer 3 Checkpoint questions 4. Read Song of Roland answer 4 questions on separate paper. (back page of homework sheet)
Assignment 3 1. Complete in-class project-Feudalism 2. Defending a Castle, pp. 220 -221. Follow link and answer Thinking Critically questions. 3. Take self test
Assignment 4 • Read text, pp. 225 -228 • Define blue-bold terms • Take notes using the concept web illustrated at bottom of pp. 225. (You will complete the web in next assignment) • Using either text or link, answer question of Map Skills, pp. 226 SCA Possibility, due by email 2/8: 10 points A Benedictine Abbey: A Short, Analytical Essay posted in Wk. 3 Class Notes
Assignment 5 • Read text, pp. 228 -230 • Define blue-bold terms • Take notes by completing the concept web illustrated at bottom of pp. 225. • Read biography, St. Francis of Assisi, pp. 229 and answer question. • Monitor your progress, take self-quiz SCA Possibility, due by email 2/8: 10 points A Benedictine Abbey: A Short, Analytical Essay posted in Wk. 3 Class Notes
The Early Christian Church 590: Pope St. Gregory
Early Church Documents 698: Lindisfarne Gospels 800: Book of Kells
The Medieval Church SCA Activity: Analysis of a Benedictine Monastery’s Site Plan Using the archaeological site plan of a typical monastery found on the next slide as well as the pictures in your text (Infographic: Life in a monastery) write a paragraph analyzing what this evidence tells the historian about life in a religious house during the early middle ages. Be sure to incorporate the questions posed in your text, Thinking Critically, pp. 227. You will also want to include what you know about the Benedictine Rule. Submit your paragraph by email no later than Friday, Feb. 8.
Rebuilding Where We Are Cleric, Knight and Peasant • Feudalism and Manorialism – Normandy: the feudal mini-state (coming next week!) • The Medieval Church • Revival of Trade and Growth of Towns (coming next week!)
Quest Overview (for Thursday 2/14) Based on Videos, Class Notes, Text, Chapter 7 • • • 8 Matching: key terms, people, & places 8 Multiple Choice 1 short answer question 1 reading with 3 questions Bayeux Tapestry Questions Long-Range Planning: Due Monday, 2/25 You must have READ Good Masters! Sweet Ladies! (ISBN: 978 -0 -7636 -1578 -9) Available in multiple formats, both new and used. Here is a link to Amazon.