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History of Internet in Singapore APAN Meeting Busan, August 2003 History of Internet in Singapore APAN Meeting Busan, August 2003

Background Ø 4 components Ø Commodity Internet for R&E community Ø Commodity Internet commercialisation Background Ø 4 components Ø Commodity Internet for R&E community Ø Commodity Internet commercialisation Ø Internet 2 for R&E community Ø Domestic Broadband infrastructure

Chronology of Major Events 1987 NUS’ 4. 8 kbps BITNET link to CUNY paved Chronology of Major Events 1987 NUS’ 4. 8 kbps BITNET link to CUNY paved the way for the introduction of the Internet to Singapore 1990 NUS’ 64 kbps link to Princeton via NSFNET 1991 NUS launches NUSNET the first major campus network in the region linking over 3000 computers Tertiary institutions in Singapore get access to Internet via NUS aggregation point 1992 Launch of Technet the first R&D network in Singapore, enabling academia, government and industry to collaborate more effectively with one another 1994 Sing. Tel launches Sing. Net the first commercial ISP in Singapore

Chronology of Major Events (cont) 1995 Technet sold to a consortium comprising of Sembawang Chronology of Major Events (cont) 1995 Technet sold to a consortium comprising of Sembawang Media, ST Computer Systems and Singapore International Media to form Pacific Internet or Pac. Net, Singapore's second ISP 1996 Singapore joins APAN as one of the founding members 1997 Singapore-ONE is launched – the first national broadband network in the region based on OC-3 ATM infrastructure Sing. Tel launches ADSL services Sing. AREN is launched with a 14 Mbps link from Singapore to Star. TAP in Nov 1997 – the first Internet 2 connection outside USA after Canada Sing. AREN establishes link to Canada's CA*NET II 1998 Sing. AREN establishes direct link with Japan under auspices of MPT, Japan Sing. AREN designated as APAN Hub

Chronology of Major Events (cont) 1999 Singapore establishes satellite C band link with AI Chronology of Major Events (cont) 1999 Singapore establishes satellite C band link with AI 3 via JSAT as part of Satellite Internet Competency Unit Project Collaboration Singapore Cable Vision offers commercial cable modem services 2000 Singapore establishes direct link with Korea as part of TEIN initiative 2001 Bio. Informatics Institute launches the Bio-Medical Grid initiative Sing. AREN upgrades bandwidth to 27 Mbps to v. BNS 2002 A*STAR forms National Grid Committee Sing. AREN upgrades to 90 Mbps Bandwidth to Abilene/v. BNS and migrates from ATM to POS 2003 A*STAR launches the National Grid Pilot Project Sing. AREN changes funding model from agency-supported model to community supported-model

Dialup Internet Penetration Dialup Internet Penetration

Broadband User Penetration Broadband User Penetration

Types of Access Connection Types of Access Connection

Acknowledgements Ø Ø Ø Bernard Tan Thio Hoe Tong Tan Tin Wee A Ananda Acknowledgements Ø Ø Ø Bernard Tan Thio Hoe Tong Tan Tin Wee A Ananda Francis Yeoh Tommy Chen

The Singapore Advanced Research & Education Network http: //www. singaren. net. sg/ The Singapore Advanced Research & Education Network http: //www. singaren. net. sg/