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Health Care of the community Dr Abhay Nirgude Health Care of the community Dr Abhay Nirgude

Specific Learning Objectives • Enumerate the components of health care delivery system. • Write Specific Learning Objectives • Enumerate the components of health care delivery system. • Write the functions of Health worker Male/Female. • Write the functions of Health assistant Male/Female

Model of Health Care Delivery System Inputs Health status or health problems Health care Model of Health Care Delivery System Inputs Health status or health problems Health care services Curative Preventive Promotive Resources Health care systems Outputs Public Private Voluntary Indigenous Changes in health status

Health status & health problems Known as Community diagnosis • Demographic • Morbidity & Health status & health problems Known as Community diagnosis • Demographic • Morbidity & mortality profile • Environmental • Socio economic and cultural • Medical & health services available

Resources • • Manpower Money Materials Minutes Resources • • Manpower Money Materials Minutes

Manpower • Includes both professional and auxiliary • Based on a series of accepted Manpower • Includes both professional and auxiliary • Based on a series of accepted ratios

Money and materials • Developed countries – 6 -12% GNP • In underdeveloped countries Money and materials • Developed countries – 6 -12% GNP • In underdeveloped countries - <1% • In India – 3%

Health care services In India, 5 major sectors A. Public health sector – Primary Health care services In India, 5 major sectors A. Public health sector – Primary health care • PHC and subcentres – Hospitals/ health centres • CHC, rural hospitals, district hospitals, specialist and teaching hospitals – Health insurance schemes • ESI, Central Govt Health Scheme – Other agencies • Defence , Railways

Health care services B. Private sector • Private clinics, nursing homes, GP C. Indigenous Health care services B. Private sector • Private clinics, nursing homes, GP C. Indigenous systems of medicine • Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, Unregistered practitioners D. Voluntary health Agencies E. National Health Programmes

Primary health care • Govt has laid down National Health goals so as to Primary health care • Govt has laid down National Health goals so as to achieve Health for All by 2000 • Laid down plan of action To achieve universal coverage and equitable distribution at the village level • Village health guides • Training of local dais • ICDS Scheme

Village level Village Health Guides • Criteria for selection • Post selection • Duties Village level Village Health Guides • Criteria for selection • Post selection • Duties include • Treatment • MCH and FP • Health education and sanitation

Village level Local Dais • Train all categories of TBA • Dai kit Anganwadi Village level Local Dais • Train all categories of TBA • Dai kit Anganwadi worker ASHA/USHA

Subcentre level • 1 subcentre for 5000 population • 1 Male and 1 female Subcentre level • 1 subcentre for 5000 population • 1 Male and 1 female HW • MCH , FP, Immunization

Primary health centre • In 1953 PHC covered a population of 100, 000 • Primary health centre • In 1953 PHC covered a population of 100, 000 • In 1977 reorganised based on Alma atta conference to 30, 000 for plains and 20, 000 for hilly areas

Primary health centre Staffing pattern • Medical Officer • ANM • Block extension educator Primary health centre Staffing pattern • Medical Officer • ANM • Block extension educator • Health assistant (male and female) 1 • UDC & LDC 1 2

Primary health centre Functions • Medical care • MCH , FP • Safe water Primary health centre Functions • Medical care • MCH , FP • Safe water and basic sanitation • Prevention and control of loclly endemic diseases • Collection and reporting of vital statistics • Education about health • National Health programmes • Referral services • Training of health guides, health workers • Basic lab services

Community health centres Staff • MO 4 • Nurse midwives 7 • Lab technician Community health centres Staff • MO 4 • Nurse midwives 7 • Lab technician 1 • Radiographer 1

Hospitals • Preventive , promotive, Curative • Specific catchment area • Medical & paramedical Hospitals • Preventive , promotive, Curative • Specific catchment area • Medical & paramedical workers

CGHS Insurance • • • OPD care Supply of drugs Lab and X ray CGHS Insurance • • • OPD care Supply of drugs Lab and X ray investigation Domiciliary visit Hospitalization facility at Govt Specialist consultation Paediatric Antenatal, postnatal Emergency treatment Supply of optic and dental aids Family welfare services

Voluntary Health agencies An organisation administered by an autonomous board which holds meeting, collects Voluntary Health agencies An organisation administered by an autonomous board which holds meeting, collects funds chiefly from private sources, works with or without paid workers and helps in providing health services, health education, legislation or research.

Voluntary Health agencies Functions • Supplementing the work of the Govt services • Pioneering Voluntary Health agencies Functions • Supplementing the work of the Govt services • Pioneering • Education • Demonstration • Legislation

Voluntary Health agencies • Indian Red Cross Society • Hind Kusht Nivaran Sangh • Voluntary Health agencies • Indian Red Cross Society • Hind Kusht Nivaran Sangh • Indian Council of Child welfare • TB Association of India • Bharat Sevak Samaj • Central Social Welfare Board • Kasturba Memorial fund • FPA of India

Indian Red Cross Society • Relief Work • Milk and Medical supplies • Armed Indian Red Cross Society • Relief Work • Milk and Medical supplies • Armed Forces • Maternal and child welfare services • Family planning • Blood bank and first aid

Job description – HW Female • Registration • Care at Home – – – Job description – HW Female • Registration • Care at Home – – – – Nutritional advice IFA and TT, Vit A Referral for complicated preg and deliveries Conduct deliveries Give postnatal advice Supervise deliveries by dais FP advice Distribute contraceptives Growth monitoring camps Immunization Management of minor ailments Vital statistics Basic investigations Referral for MTP

Job description – HW Female • Care at clinic – Arrange MCH & FP Job description – HW Female • Care at clinic – Arrange MCH & FP clinics – Health education • Care in community – Set up depots for condom distribution – Health education

Job description – HW Male • • • Record maintainence Malaria Leprosy Tuberculosis Communicable Job description – HW Male • • • Record maintainence Malaria Leprosy Tuberculosis Communicable diseases – Identify - diarrhoea, dysentry, diptheria, jaundice – Control measures – Identify cases of blindness and STDs

Job description – HW Male • Environmental sanitation – Chlorinate wells – Educate about Job description – HW Male • Environmental sanitation – Chlorinate wells – Educate about sanitation • Immunisation • FP

Job description – H Assistant Male • Malaria – Supervise spraying of insecticides – Job description – H Assistant Male • Malaria – Supervise spraying of insecticides – Give radical treatment – Surveillance • Take control measures for communicable diseases • Ensure regular treatment of leprosy and TB patients • Help construction of sanitary latrines

Job description – H Assistant Female • Supervisory house visits and subcentre visits • Job description – H Assistant Female • Supervisory house visits and subcentre visits • Guide in holding contraceptive depots, MCH and FP clinics, training for dais, Immunization clinics • Motivate resistant cases for FP

Summary Summary