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HB Mc. Clure How to save $$ on your home energy bills… a common sense approach
HB Mc. Clure Trust, Value, Comfort…since 1914 Recognized regional leader in providing comfortable and efficient HVAC systems Long time provider of home heating oil Fully staffed with service personnel for plumbing, heating, A/C, and electrical needs Home energy consultants
BEING GREEN CAN SAVE YOU SOME GREEN
Energy Use in the Home
Lighting and Other Appliances 33% of a home’s energy use
Formula for Estimating Energy Consumption This formula can estimate an appliance's energy use: (Wattage × Hours Used Per Day ÷ 1000 = Daily Kilowatt-hour (k. Wh) consumption (1 kilowatt (k. W) = 1, 000 Watts)
Typical Wattages of Various Appliances Aquarium = 50– 1210 Watts Clock radio = 10 Coffee maker = 900– 1200 Clothes washer = 350– 500 Clothes dryer = 1800– 5000 Dishwasher = 1200– 2400 Dehumidifier = 785 Fans Ceiling = 65– 175 Window = 55– 250 Furnace = 750 Whole house = 240– 750 Hair dryer = 1200– 1875
Continued… Clothes iron = 1000– 1800 Microwave oven = 750– 1100 Personal computer CPU - awake / asleep = 120 / 30 or less Monitor - awake / asleep = 150 / 30 or less Laptop = 50 Refrigerator (frost-free, 16 cubic feet) = 725 Televisions (color) 19" = 65– 110 27" = 113 36" = 133 53"-61" Projection = 170 Flat screen = 120
Continued… Toaster = 800– 1400 Toaster oven = 1225 VCR/DVD = 17– 21 / 20– 25 Vacuum cleaner = 1000– 1440 Water heater (50 gallon) = 4500– 5500 Water bed (with heater, no cover) = 120– 380 Watts/hr meter. Phantom users- TVs, VCRs Cable boxes, PCs, Video games
Coffee pot example Consumes Run time Daily use Electric rate x 1200 watts 2 hrs 2. 4 KWH x $0. 12/kwh $0. 288/day x 365 = $105. 12/year
Laundry Wash with cold water whenever possible. Wash and dry full loads to maximize efficiency. Don't overload dryers. Use suds savers and front-loading washers for maximum efficiency. Always adjust the water level to fit load size. Clean the lint filter after each dryer cycle. Regularly clean dryer vent.
Cooking Use your oven instead of your cook top to cut cooking costs. Don't peek. Cooking temperatures can drop 50º every time the oven door is opened. Use the oven's self-cleaning cycle only for big cleaning jobs. Use small appliances such as crock pots, electric frying pans, toaster ovens, and microwave ovens
Lighting Fluorescent bulbs use 1/4 the energy of traditional incandescent bulbs and last six times longer. Putting a lamp in the corner gives off more light than the center of a room.
Consumer Choices First Cost vs. Life Cycle Costs Incandescent Compact Fluorescent First Cost = $1 First Cost = $5 Energy Costs/yr = $20 Energy Costs/yr = $5 Life Cycle Cost (10 years) =$210 Life Cycle Cost (10 years) = $55
If every American home changed 5 lights… • Each home would save $60/year • U. S. would save $6 billion/year • U. S. would save one trillion pounds of greenhouse gases • ≈ emissions of 8 million cars • ≈ output of 21 power plants
Refrigeration 9% of home energy use Test the tightness of the door seal on refrigerators and freezers. Replace old refrigerators. Set refrigerators at 40º F. and freezers at 0º F. Spare refrigerators or freezers cost $100 to $200/yr to operate Allow food to cool before refrigerating Vacuum coils twice per year
If you need a new appliance
Water Heating 14% of home energy use Insulate water pipes. can save you up to $25 annually. Set the water temperature no higher than 120° F. Repair dripping faucets promptly. (15 drops a minute can waste up to 48 gallons a month. ) Install water saving devices Install a water softener Water Heater Jackets can save you up to 4 -9%
Heating & Cooling 44% of home energy use
Programmable Thermostats Set back 3 to 7 degrees and save up to 8% or more!
Clean/Replace Air Filter For healthy indoor air Keep dirt off blower, coils and heat exchanger Increased performance Save up to 10%
Clear your outdoor unit Trim back foliage 1’ to 2’ Avoid blowing grass clippings in to unit Spray clean with hose Increase performance up to 8%
Ventilate your attic Un-vented attics can reach 140 degrees or more Increases cooling load of home Causes your system to work harder
Boiler owners should consider outdoor reset controls On a zero degree day you may need 190 degree water Do you need 190 degree water on a 30 degree day? -NO! Feature is included in some new boilers
Tankless coils in boilers Up to 20% savings & increased capacity if … you switch to an indirect water heater
Tighten your thermal envelope Air-sealing your home Ø Outlet gaskets Ø Weather stripping Ø Caulking
Seal Ductwork Air leaks can waste 15% or more energy
How do I Know Where To Start?
Shop Your Electric Provider You have a wide range of choices for the “generation” portion of your bill. Your current monopoly provider still will handle the billing and servicing the lines that feed your home. We offer a choice on our website: www. hbmcclure. com
Common sense visual inspection Check for drafts and cold spots Window & door weather stripping Attic and crawlspace access points Fireplace flue dampers Pipe and wire entry points
Snow—the “poor man’s infrared”
SEEK Professional Help
Annual equipment tune-ups Reduce operating costs up to 20% Extend the life of system Reduce likelihood of emergency calls Keep new systems operating at peak efficiency
Home Energy Audit The energy audit is a comprehensive evaluation of how your home utilizes energy. At H. B. Mc. Clure our auditor is BPI certified and RESNET Rater trained.
Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Whole house diagnostic energy audit Bigger jobs Greater savings Health & safety Green options
Energy audit vs. home energy report Audits are a comprehensive evaluation that examines your energy bills and projects estimated cost savings from home improvements. They can project a payback analysis on upgrades. Include a re-test. Energy reports are a “reader’s digest” version of the full audit. Less expensive but do not provide payback report.
“House As a System” A building is a collection of systems that interact with each other. Insulation Vapor barrier integrity Heating and cooling equipment Duct and piping systems
Air Infiltration and Ex-filtration
Identifying Air Leaks. . .
. . . And Insulation Problems
Mechanical System Upgrades Maximize Federal Tax Credits up to $5 oo combined total for “qualified” HVAC systems set to expire 12/31/11 30% un-capped for total system costs for solar and geothermal until 12/31/16 State Solar Rebates- up to $2, 000 for most systems Utility Rebates (PPL & First Energy)- while funding lasts Up to $300 for Air Conditioning Up to $400 for air-source Heat Pumps $300 for Heat Pump Water Heaters $217/ton for Geothermal $50 for programmable thermostat
Apricus Solar Thermal System Lower water heating costs up to 60% Vacuum tubes passively track the sun Qualifies for Federal Tax Credit and State Rebate
Solar PV systems
Solar PV Systems 30% federal tax credit on installed cost PA Sunshine grants (while funding lasts) Currently @ $0. 75/watt REC (renewable energy credits) annually Currently +/- $350/Kw
Geothermal Heat Pumps
Efficient Heating & Cooling Extremely Quiet Helps w/ Domestic Water Heating Federal Tax Credits and Utility Rebates Apply Experienced- We’ve installed thousands of earth-coupled systems since 1974
Conventional HVAC Systems Cooling SEER up to 20. 2 Heat Pump HSPF up to 9. 3 Gas Furnace AFUE up to 98% Dual Fuel Heat Pumps Multi-stage equipment Variable-speed ECM fans Zone controls Programmable Thermostats
Fossil Fuel Boilers Gas Boiler AFUE up to 95. 85% Oil Boiler AFUE up to 87% Indirect Water Heating Outdoor Reset Controls
Conclusions Little things can add up Many improvements you can do yourself Incremental approach may be best Be aware of Federal, State and Utility Programs (and when they expire)
Questions? We’d be more than happy to continue this discussion at our booth: # 213 - 232 Thank you for attending! HB Mc. Clure Trust, Value, Quality…since 1914