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GROWTHMANAGEMENT Transit & Growth Management Tara Bartee –FDOT Public Transit Office GROWTHMANAGEMENT Transit & Growth Management Tara Bartee –FDOT Public Transit Office

Presentation Overview • Transit Basics • Proportionate Fair-Share Equation • Examples GROWTHMANAGEMENT Presentation Overview • Transit Basics • Proportionate Fair-Share Equation • Examples GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Why Growth Management? To try to manage sprawl GROWTHMANAGEMENT Why Growth Management? To try to manage sprawl GROWTHMANAGEMENT

GROWTHMANAGEMENT • What works where • Cost of Transit • Transit is flexible GROWTHMANAGEMENT • What works where • Cost of Transit • Transit is flexible

GROWTHMANAGEMENT GROWTHMANAGEMENT

GROWTHMANAGEMENT GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Automobile Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT Automobile Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Person (automobile) Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT Person (automobile) Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Pedestrian / Bicycle Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT Pedestrian / Bicycle Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Person/Bus Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT Person/Bus Space GROWTHMANAGEMENT

What is Transit-Oriented Development? What is TOD? GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Define the 3 Ds Design What is Transit-Oriented Development? What is TOD? GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Define the 3 Ds Design Density Diversity Comp Plan Language

Definition • GROWTHMANAGEMENT Design Density Diversity “Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is moderate to higherdensity development, Definition • GROWTHMANAGEMENT Design Density Diversity “Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is moderate to higherdensity development, located within an easy walk of a major transit stop, generally with a mix of residential, employment and shopping opportunities designed for pedestrians without excluding the auto. TOD can be new construction or redevelopment of one or more buildings whose design and Caltrans orientation facilitate transit use. ”

What is a transit-oriented development? GROWTHMANAGEMENT Design for people What is a transit-oriented development? GROWTHMANAGEMENT Design for people

GROWTHMANAGEMENT Density GROWTHMANAGEMENT Density

TOD is development that: GROWTHMANAGEMENT – Contains a rich mix of uses – retail, TOD is development that: GROWTHMANAGEMENT – Contains a rich mix of uses – retail, residential, workplaces. – Has appropriate treatment of parking. Diversity Retail Office Residential

Outcome GROWTHMANAGEMENT One encourages TOD at the station One separates the station from the Outcome GROWTHMANAGEMENT One encourages TOD at the station One separates the station from the community

GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Fronton in Miami • Land use doesn’t support transit • I’ve got GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Fronton in Miami • Land use doesn’t support transit • I’ve got the map

Denver, CO Neighborhood to Urban TOD GROWTHMANAGEMENT Neighborhood Urban Denver, CO Neighborhood to Urban TOD GROWTHMANAGEMENT Neighborhood Urban

Where money is spent to improve mobility Roadway F Where money is spent to Where money is spent to improve mobility Roadway F Where money is spent to improve mobility GROWTHMANAGEMENT Improved Transit w/ Operating costs E ers y elt rit Sh rio s. P Bu D C B A l& n a gn ctio ts Si se en ter vem In ro mp I Roads Transit Sidewalk Land Use A A Urban Core B B Urban Center C C General Urban D D Sub-urban E E Rural Reserve F F Rural Preserve

Transit Development Plan (TDP) • Look at: – Specific requirement to look GROWTHMANAGEMENT CIE Transit Development Plan (TDP) • Look at: – Specific requirement to look GROWTHMANAGEMENT CIE at goals and policies of the comp plan and LRTP. FLUM – Public Involvement – Adopted by Governing bodies (county commission) Transportation Element TDP LRTP – 10 year needs plan – Financially feasible to 3 years

Calculating the Costs Transit and roadways are different GROWTHMANAGEMENT … O H, R E Calculating the Costs Transit and roadways are different GROWTHMANAGEMENT … O H, R E A L L Y ? ? – Roadway improvement can be isolated to the “significantly” impacted area – Transit costs can’t be limited to one hour a day and. 74 miles

Transit Prop Share Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Volume Transit Prop Share Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Volume Cost = Proportionate Share GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Proposed Methodology – Project Trips Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Proposed Methodology – Project Trips Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Volume GROWTHMANAGEMENT 10 project trips = Cost = Proportionate Share 10 needed seats/passengers on a bus

Proposed Methodology – Change in Max Service Volume Number of Project Trips Change in Proposed Methodology – Change in Max Service Volume Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Volume Cost = Proportionate Share GROWTHMANAGEMENT Typical value of 40 seats per bus • Fundamental Assumption: Providing capacity on transit satisfies identified roadway capacity issue – Does not address issue of use/ridership of service

Proposed Methodology - Cost Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Proposed Methodology - Cost Number of Project Trips Change in Peak Hour Max Service Volume GROWTHMANAGEMENT – 3 years when TQOS A or B, – 5 years when TQOS C or D, – 7 years E or F or new service – Capital Investments – Technology Implementation – Operating and maintenance Average Corridor Study Hour Transit Cost/Revenue Cost = Proportionate Share Time (years) (Capital + Operating) $ = Cost

Proposed Methodology - Cost GROWTHMANAGEMENT Initial Assumption: Entire length of transit route (sum of Proposed Methodology - Cost GROWTHMANAGEMENT Initial Assumption: Entire length of transit route (sum of both directions) included in cost calculation

GROWTHMANAGEMENT Example Applications GROWTHMANAGEMENT Example Applications

Small Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding 50 new peak hour Small Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding 50 new peak hour trips to one segment of a constrained four-lane facility in urban area

Small Development • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects are planned or could Small Development • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects are planned or could reasonably be constructed • Existing transit service on Main Street = LOS B GROWTHMANAGEMENT – 10 minute headways, 6 buses per hour • Cost per operating hour = $75 • Length of existing bus route = 10 miles (20 miles round trip)

Sample Calculation Small Development 50 40 GROWTHMANAGEMENT cost. hour $75 passengers_ peak hour passengers_ Sample Calculation Small Development 50 40 GROWTHMANAGEMENT cost. hour $75 passengers_ peak hour passengers_ bus = 1. 25 number of peak hours. year cost. hour 520 peak hours. year bus _ peak hour Duration of Funding (yrs) = 3 years IMPROVEMENT COST =

Sample Calculation Small Development 50 40 passengers_ peak hour passengers_ bus = 1. 25 Sample Calculation Small Development 50 40 passengers_ peak hour passengers_ bus = 1. 25 bus _ peak hour GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding peak hour trips to Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding peak hour trips to several segments of a constrained six-lane facility in suburban area

Medium Development (Your turn) GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding peak hour Medium Development (Your turn) GROWTHMANAGEMENT Development on ‘Failing’ Facility • Development adding peak hour trips to several segments of a constrained six-lane facility in suburban area

Medium Development on ‘Failing’ Facility GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects Medium Development on ‘Failing’ Facility GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects could reasonably be constructed • Existing transit service on SR X = LOS D • Length of existing bus route = 10 miles (20 miles round trip) Local government and transit agency review site plan and negotiate so that TOD principles are included.

Sample Calculation Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Sample Calculation Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Sample Calculation Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT Sample Calculation Medium Development GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Large Development on ‘Failing’ Facilities GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Development adding peak hour trips to several Large Development on ‘Failing’ Facilities GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Development adding peak hour trips to several segments of a constrained six-lane facility, segments of a constrained four-lane facility, and segments to an unconstrained facility

Large Development • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects could reasonably be constructed Large Development • Agency agreement that no roadway capacity projects could reasonably be constructed on constrained facilities (SR X) • Existing transit service on SR X = LOS D GROWTHMANAGEMENT • Length of existing bus routes = 10 miles (20 miles round trip)

Sample Calculation Large Development SR X GROWTHMANAGEMENT Sample Calculation Large Development SR X GROWTHMANAGEMENT

Sample Calculation Large Development Jon Street GROWTHMANAGEMENT Sample Calculation Large Development Jon Street GROWTHMANAGEMENT

GROWTHMANAGEMENT Questions? GROWTHMANAGEMENT Questions?

Additional Information or Questions GROWTHMANAGEMENT Karl Passetti, P. E. Kittelson & Associates, Inc. 407 Additional Information or Questions GROWTHMANAGEMENT Karl Passetti, P. E. Kittelson & Associates, Inc. 407 -540 -0555 [email protected] com