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Ground-Water Management Plan Beryl Enterprise Area Sign up sheet August 6, 2007 Ground-Water Management Plan Beryl Enterprise Area Sign up sheet August 6, 2007

Agenda • • Water Management Issues Voluntary arrangements Management plan scenarios Water Rights Safe Agenda • • Water Management Issues Voluntary arrangements Management plan scenarios Water Rights Safe Yield Questions / Future directions Handout www. waterrights. utah. gov

Water Use Terms Evaporation ET = Evapotranspiration Transpiration Deep Percolation / Return Flow Water Use Terms Evaporation ET = Evapotranspiration Transpiration Deep Percolation / Return Flow

Definitions • Consumptive Use (Irrigation) The quantity of water that is absorbed by the Definitions • Consumptive Use (Irrigation) The quantity of water that is absorbed by the crop and transpired or used directly in the building of plant tissue, together with that evaporated from the cropped area. • Consumptive use – effective precip = Net irrigation requirement • Enterprise/Beryl Jct, Net irrigation requirement Alfalfa = 2. 49 AF Grain = 1. 66 AF Potatoes = 1. 40 AF Corn = 1. 38 AF

Definitions (cont’d) • Depletion - That part of the withdrawal that has been evaporated, Definitions (cont’d) • Depletion - That part of the withdrawal that has been evaporated, transpired, incorporated into the crops or products, consumed by man or livestock, or otherwise removed. The wellhead diversion minus return flow to the groundwater aquifer. • CU + Incidental losses

Definitions (cont’d) • Irrigation Diversion Allowance - The quantity of water required to satisfy Definitions (cont’d) • Irrigation Diversion Allowance - The quantity of water required to satisfy the irrigation water requirements and taking into account conveyance and application losses. Calculated using alfalfa and flood irrigation practices. In the 71 Area the irrigation diversion allowance is 4. 0 acre-feet per acre per year. • Irrigation Duty (Duty)

Ground-Water Management Plan • Objectives of a plan Limit withdrawals to safe yield Protect Ground-Water Management Plan • Objectives of a plan Limit withdrawals to safe yield Protect the physical integrity Protect water quality • Principles of prior appropriation • Basin hydrology • Relationship surface & ground water • Well spacing • Well interference • Other relevant factors

Voluntary Arrangements • Subsection 4(c), 73 -5 -15, GW Mgt Plan • Water users Voluntary Arrangements • Subsection 4(c), 73 -5 -15, GW Mgt Plan • Water users may agree & participate Voluntary arrangements Consultation with state engineer Any time • Consistent with other law • If less than all water users Does not affect the rights of others

Possible Scenarios • • Present 5 possible scenarios Only for discussion purposes Stimulate thought Possible Scenarios • • Present 5 possible scenarios Only for discussion purposes Stimulate thought and debate A target to consider

Scenario # 1 (stepped ) • • • Leave as is for a set Scenario # 1 (stepped ) • • • Leave as is for a set period of time End of initial period (# years) Reduce diversions by set amount (%) Monitor for set period (x yrs. ) Continue until safe yield reached Ac-Ft Time

Scenario #2 (new water) • • Importation of water Lake Powell Pipeline Other options Scenario #2 (new water) • • Importation of water Lake Powell Pipeline Other options Economics ?

Scenario #3 (steady & gradual) • Immediately begin reducing diversions • % reduction each Scenario #3 (steady & gradual) • Immediately begin reducing diversions • % reduction each year • Monitor water levels and diversions Ac-Ft Time

Scenario #4 (crop) • Reduce diversions by changing crops • Adjust cropping pattern alfalfa Scenario #4 (crop) • Reduce diversions by changing crops • Adjust cropping pattern alfalfa grain, potatoes & corn • Implement over time • Depletion target ( Safe yield )

Scenario #5 – Proposal set forth by Escalante Water Users • • • 1 Scenario #5 – Proposal set forth by Escalante Water Users • • • 1 year to develop resolution Reduce the duty from 4. 0 to 3. 2 AF/A average over 5 years Metering using power records Cut water use 10%, 40 -years (2, 500 acs) Compensation program ($10 million) 50% local & 50% state

Water Right Records • Review and update electronic records – Sole supply – Place Water Right Records • Review and update electronic records – Sole supply – Place of use groups • Certificate outstanding proofs

Water Right Priority Water Right Priority

Water Right Depletions Water Right Depletions

Safe Yield The perennial safe yield is equal to the amount of groundwater that Safe Yield The perennial safe yield is equal to the amount of groundwater that can be withdrawn from the basin over a period of time without exceeding the long-term recharge of the basin or unreasonably affecting the basin’s physical and chemical integrity.

Hydrologic Studies • Hydrology Of The Beryl-Enterprise Area, Escalante Desert, … - Mower (1982) Hydrologic Studies • Hydrology Of The Beryl-Enterprise Area, Escalante Desert, … - Mower (1982) • Ground-water conditions in Utah - Burden (2005) • USGS National Information System Water Level Web Interface • Consumptive Use of Irrigated Crops in Utah – Hill (1994) • Acreage Surveys – Utah Division of Water Rights

Recharge Acre Feet Subsurface Inflow from Mountains/Streams 31, 000 Precipitation on Valley Floor 500 Recharge Acre Feet Subsurface Inflow from Mountains/Streams 31, 000 Precipitation on Valley Floor 500 Subsurface Inflow 320 Return Flow from Surface Irrigation 1, 400 Natural Recharge 34, 000

Recharge Qrecharge + Δstorage = Qconsumptive Where: Qrecharge is the recharge to the aquifer Recharge Qrecharge + Δstorage = Qconsumptive Where: Qrecharge is the recharge to the aquifer Qconsumptive is the estimated crop depletions from well withdrawals. Δstorage is the calculated change in water stored in the aquifer 5 year period from 2001 to 2005

Recharge Qrecharge = Qconsumptive - Δstorage Where: Qrecharge is the recharge to the aquifer Recharge Qrecharge = Qconsumptive - Δstorage Where: Qrecharge is the recharge to the aquifer Qconsumptive is the estimated crop depletions from well withdrawals. Δstorage is the calculated change in water stored in the aquifer 5 year period from 2001 to 2005

Method 1 - Qconsumptive Well Withdrawal Estimates - USGS - 87, 640 acft Consumptive Method 1 - Qconsumptive Well Withdrawal Estimates - USGS - 87, 640 acft Consumptive Factor - HILL Qconsumptive - 78 % - 68, 359 acft

Method 2 - Qconsumptive Underground Supplied Irrigation - 25, 040 acres Consumptive Use - Method 2 - Qconsumptive Underground Supplied Irrigation - 25, 040 acres Consumptive Use - Qconsumptive - 2. 49 acft/acre 62, 348 acft

Δstorage USGS Observations 2001 Δstorage USGS Observations 2001

Δstorage Water Level Surface 2001 Δstorage Water Level Surface 2001

Δstorage Water Level Surface 2006 Δstorage Water Level Surface 2006

Δstorage Water Level Surface 2006 Δstorage Water Level Surface 2006

Δstorage Drawdown From 2001 - 2006 Δstorage Drawdown From 2001 - 2006

Specific Yield - Porosity Specific yield is the ratio of the volume of water Specific Yield - Porosity Specific yield is the ratio of the volume of water drained to the total rock volume Groundwater Model

Δstorage Specific Yield X Δ Volume Δ Storage = 31, 425 acft Δstorage Specific Yield X Δ Volume Δ Storage = 31, 425 acft

Recharge Qrecharge = Qconsumptive - Δstorage 33, 575 = 65, 000 - 31, 425 Recharge Qrecharge = Qconsumptive - Δstorage 33, 575 = 65, 000 - 31, 425 Safe Yield = 34, 000 acre feet / year

Safe Yield Best Estimate = 34, 000 acre feet / year How will we Safe Yield Best Estimate = 34, 000 acre feet / year How will we know we have reached safe yield? Water Levels

Questions ? Questions ?

Summary • • Nothing is set in stone Given you several proposals to consider Summary • • Nothing is set in stone Given you several proposals to consider Allow you time to consider Review the water right records Comments – September 30 Next meeting – late fall Thank you