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Great Architects Who’ve Built Great Housing Cooperatives From Aalto to Wright By David Thompson Great Architects Who’ve Built Great Housing Cooperatives From Aalto to Wright By David Thompson of Neighborhood Partners, LLC www. community. coop

Alvar Aalto • Southwestern Finland Agricultural Co-operative Building • A multi-purpose commercial, office and Alvar Aalto • Southwestern Finland Agricultural Co-operative Building • A multi-purpose commercial, office and residential building with a hotel, restaurant and theater. Aalto and his family lived there.

Santiago Calatrava • Built for HSB, Sweden’s largest Housing Co-op • Turning Torso, Malmo Santiago Calatrava • Built for HSB, Sweden’s largest Housing Co-op • Turning Torso, Malmo • Tallest residential building in Europe (54 floors) • Conference Center (52 -54) • 147 Apartments (14 -52) • Office Suites (2 -12) • Commercial (Ground Floor)

Le Corbusier • L'Unité The five Largest Single Block Apartment Complexes in France 300+apts Le Corbusier • L'Unité The five Largest Single Block Apartment Complexes in France 300+apts 1, 000 people • Concrete, pilotis feet • Le Cite Radieuse his most famous work • Nantes stayed a Co-op • Most successful, best maintained, still serving working people

George Da Cunha • The Gramercy #34 Gramercy Place • Oldest continuing coop in George Da Cunha • The Gramercy #34 Gramercy Place • Oldest continuing coop in NYC – 1883 • Member of privately owned Gramercy Park • 45 co-op apartments on ten floors

Henry Janeway Hardenbergh • • • The Dakota NYC 1884 Ten Floors 103 apartments Henry Janeway Hardenbergh • • • The Dakota NYC 1884 Ten Floors 103 apartments Luxury Co-op Judy Garland Lauren Bacall L. Bernstein John and Yoko John Madden

Daniel Liebeskind • • • Grew up at the Amalgamated Co-op in NYC Westside Daniel Liebeskind • • • Grew up at the Amalgamated Co-op in NYC Westside Shopping and Leisure Center, Bern Shopping Mall, Hotel, Wellness, Leisure and Living Owned by Migros, largest Co-op in Switzerland 3. 5 visitors a year, largest private construction project in Switzerland, European traffic node

Hannes Meyer • • • Freidorf, Switzerland Garden Village Co-op Suisse Employees Director, Bauhaus Hannes Meyer • • • Freidorf, Switzerland Garden Village Co-op Suisse Employees Director, Bauhaus 1930’s Co-op store, plaza, allotments, on tram line, shopping center, senior housing • Lowest cost housing in Basle

Luigi Moretti • Watergate, Washington • 1967 a Ten Acre City • Three Co-ops Luigi Moretti • Watergate, Washington • 1967 a Ten Acre City • Three Co-ops with 600 apartments • Offices, Hotel, Mall • One infamous office • Co-op Members • Bob & Libby Dole • Condoleeza Rice • Ruth Bader Ginsburg • Monica Lewinsky

Robert Owen • New Lanark, Scotland, Model Factory Village • Villages of Cooperation Community, Robert Owen • New Lanark, Scotland, Model Factory Village • Villages of Cooperation Community, Co-op Shop, School, Allotments, Health Insurance • UNESCO World Heritage Site & Housing Co-op Again,

Mies Van Der Rohe • Lafayette Park, Detroit 78 acre Master Plan • Apartments, Mies Van Der Rohe • Lafayette Park, Detroit 78 acre Master Plan • Apartments, offices, park • Contains 2 co-ops • Nicolet Place (to the left) 21 Townhomes • Lafayette E. Cooperative 286 apartments, 29 floors • Diana Ross lived here

Frank Lloyd Wright • • Usonian Homes, Pleasantville, Just north of NYC Co-op 47 Frank Lloyd Wright • • Usonian Homes, Pleasantville, Just north of NYC Co-op 47 homes on 100 Acres with 38 acres of communal land Wright did many other housing co-ops He did a design for Circle Pines Co-op Camp in Michigan • Cooperative Homesteads, Detroit UAW, 160 acres, Berm Housing