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GOING GLOBAL: INTERNATIONAL CHILD SUPPORT ISSUES Anne Miller Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement Jeanette Savoy Colorado State Office of Child Support Enforcement 1
International Cases • What do you need to know? • Where do you find information? • How are these cases different from UIFSA cases? 2
Foreign Reciprocating Countries (FRC) • Federal arrangements under 42 U. S. C. 659 a • Minimum requirements • Establish paternity • Establish and enforce support • Collection and distribution of support payments • No cost • Central Authority • State agreements under 42 U. S. C. 659 A(d) and UIFSA Section 308 (UIFSA 2001)
Foreign Reciprocating Countries • • • • Australia Czech Republic El Salvador Finland Hungary Ireland Israel Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Switzerland United Kingdom Canadian Provinces • Alberta • British Columbia • Manitoba • New Brunswick • Newfoundland/Labrador • Northwest Territories • Nova Scotia • Nunavut • Ontario • Saskatchewan • Yukon
OCSE WEBSITE International Resources http: //www. acf. hhs. gov/programs/cse/ international/index. html • • • FRC contact information Links to FRC web sites Copies of FRC agreements OCSE international issuances Caseworker’s Guide to Processing Cases with Foreign Reciprocating Countries
Caseworker’s Guides to Processing Cases with FRCs • General instructions • Best practice tips • Country specific information & forms
International Case Processing Laws • Other countries do not have UIFSA. • However, countries with reciprocity should have laws that are substantially similar to ours. Practices and procedures • Familiarize yourself with the common practices of the other country. • Be willing to explain your state’s common practices to the other country. 7
International Case Processing • Out-going – Use the federal forms – Check Caseworker’s Guide to Processing Cases with Foreign Reciprocating Countries • Incoming – International forms – Information that is “close enough”
International Case Processing Communication • • • Use email when possible Be patient Language barrier Time zones and dates (5/1/11 vs 1/5/11) Formality 9
International Customer Service • Incoming cases – Provide prompt service &responses. • Out-going cases – On initial referrals, contact the foreign jurisdiction within 30 -60 days. – Continue with status requests at appropriate intervals. – Contact appropriate state and/or federal OCSE staff where such contact has failed.
International Customer Service • Send all correspondence to the agency, not to the party. • The party in your state should contact the appropriate office in your state. • The party in the other country should contact their child support agency, not your office.
Things to Keep in Mind • Foreign currency: Oanda. com, XE. com, xrates. com • Extra costs (translations, etc. ) • Telephonic Testimony (limited option) • Age of emancipation – set age vs. self supporting • Administrative vs. judicial actions 12
Things to Keep in Mind System limitations Enforcement limitations Modification of another country’s order Medical Support (dollar amount in lieu of insurance) • “New” countries due to the Hague • •
Other Things to Think About • One-state interjurisdictional cases: outgoing – Long-arm – Assets within the U. S • Direct application international cases: incoming • Limited services – Quick Locates – Service of process (at no cost)
Other Things to Think About • Determination of controlling order • What do you do if a foreign country improperly “modifies” your order? • Cannot charge costs or fees • Orders from countries with no reciprocity.
On the Horizon • Hague Convention On The International Recovery Of Child Support And Other Forms Of Family Maintenance • Signed by the U. S. Delegation Nov. 23, 2007 • Approved by the U. S. Senate Sept. 29, 2010 • Waiting for implementing legislation mandating passage of UIFSA 2008 16
CONTACTS • Your state’s international contact • Federal regional program specialist • OCSE: [email protected] hhs. gov
Other Resources: ERICSA & NCSEA ERICSA website: www. ericsa. org NCSEA website: www. ncsea. org Information for non-FRCs • Overview • Addresses • Bilingual forms • Relevant laws • Helpful links
Other Resources: The Hague Conference on Private International Law web site: http: //www. hcch. net
Contacts Anne Miller Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (202) 401 -1467 Anne. [email protected] hhs. gov Jeanette Savoy Colorado State Office of Child Support Enforcement (303) 866 -5352 Jeanette. [email protected] co. us