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GOATS: VALUE-ADDED PRODUCTS Tennessee Master Meat Goat Program 2009
GOAT TRIVIA • The oldest form of livestock production (along with sheep) • More versatile than most forms of livestock (along with sheep) • First animals to be used for milk by humans • Brought to Americas by Columbus in 1493 • Do not have teeth in upper front jaw
A dairy goat has the potential to be goat meat, But meat goats do not make good dairy animals • When we think value-added, we often tend to think of dairy goats and their milk • While dairy has lots of potential, meat goats and goat meat also have potential for value-added products.
VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS FROM DAIRY GOATS Original Form ØMilk: Raw vs. Processed Organic vs. Natural Grade A vs. Grade B Further Processed v. Cheese ØIce Cream v. Fudge ØYogurt v. Kefir (fermented beverage) ØButter
MILK NUTRITIONAL COMPARRISON Milk Composition (1 gram) Cow Goat Protein 3. 2 3. 1 Fat 3. 9 3. 5 Carbohydrates 4. 8 4. 4 Sugars (lactose) 4. 8 4. 4 Source: Mc. Cane, Widdowson, Scherz, Kloos Goat milk works for those with lactose intolerances. Goat milk is more easily digested than cows milk, it’s molecules are smaller and more easily absorbed into the digestive system.
CHEESE OPTIONS: Culinary Appeal ØHard Cheeses: Cheddar, Gouda, Mozzarella, and etc ØSoft Cheeses: Brie, Feta, Farmers Cheese, and etc. Flavored v. Cheese Balls v. Herb & Vegetable – Tomato, garlic & rose mary – Dill & garlic v. Fruit flavored v. Strawberry, pineapple, apple
CHEESE: NUTRITIONAL COMPARISON Nutrient comparison Per ounce Bovine Cream Cheese Goat Soft Cheese Calories 99. 5 69. 4 Protein (grams) 2. 1 4 Fat (grams) 10 5. 5 Cholesterol (mg) 30. 5 17. 6 Sodium (mg) 84. 5 83. 4 Made available by the American Dairy Goat Association Goat cheese works for those with lactose intolerances. It is more easily digested than cows milk, due to the fact it’s molecules are smaller and more easily absorbed into the digestive system.
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS FROM GOAT MILK ØSkin & Hair Care Products: Shampoos, Bath salts, Soaps Body Lotions, Baby Lotion, Hand Creams Shaving Cream ØWashing Detergent From Soap: Removes Odors (Deer Hunters)
OTHER IDEAS ØProtein Powders: Goatein, Caprotein ØGoat Milk Product(s) Gift Boxes ØAgri-Tourism, Dairy Goat Farm Tours ØPaint (White-wash) The animals can be further processed into: q. Meat q. Hide: q. Leather apparel q. Gloves
LET US NOT FORGET GOAT MEAT Nutrient Composition of Goat to Other Types of Meat Nutrient (3 oz. cooked meat) Goat Chicken Beef Pork Calories 122 162 179 180 Fat (g) 2. 6 6. 3 7. 9 8. 2 Saturated Fat (g) 0. 79 1. 7 3. 0 2. 9 23 25 25 25 63. 8 76. 0 73. 1 Protein (g) Cholesterol (mg) USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 14
VALUE OF GOAT MEAT • Comprises 63% of red meat consumed world wide • Nutritive value: lean, nutritional qualities, ideal for health conscious consumer • Health benefits: lower in fat, cholesterol • Due to it’s fiber structure it is more easily digested by the human stomach than most other meats • Culinary value - versatility
VALUE-ADDED GOAT • Meat Products – Whole carcass, quartered (legs & ribs) – Cuts – leg, roasts, ham, chops, stew meat, ground – Specialty – sausage, jerky, goat on a stick • Byproducts – Hides – leather gloves, drum skins, original paper (dairy goat hides offer more variation) • Potential – animal food • Dairy & Skin Care Products
MORE THAN YOU REALIZE • We have seen the potential for dairy goats – dairy products, skin care products, and meat • We have seen the potential for meat goats – Meat (health and nutrition) byproducts, and potential as dog and cat food. • What potential do you see for goats and value-added production?
For Additional Information Contact: Robert Spencer, Urban Regional Extension Specialist 256 -776 -6223 rds [email protected] edu The Alabama Cooperative Extension System offers educational programs, materials, and equal opportunity employment to all people without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status, or disability.