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Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) 14 DOCUMENT #: GSC 14 -PLEN-077 FOR: Presentation - NNT Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) 14 DOCUMENT #: GSC 14 -PLEN-077 FOR: Presentation - NNT SOURCE: IEEE AGENDA ITEM: 7. 1 CONTACT(S): w. c. [email protected] org IEEE Smart Grid Activities Dr. W. Charlton Adams President, IEEE Standards Association Geneva, 13 -16 July 2009 Fostering worldwide interoperability

Smart Grid Standardization Smart Grid Standardization

Smart Grid Definitions “An automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way Smart Grid Definitions “An automated, widely distributed energy delivery network characterized by a two-way flow of electricity and information, capable of monitoring and responding to changes in everything from power plants to customer preferences to individual appliances. ” “An electricity delivery system (from point of generation to point of consumption) integrated with communications and information technology. ”

IEEE’s Role in Smart Grid § IEEE Utilizes the global expertise § IEEE-SA Baseline IEEE’s Role in Smart Grid § IEEE Utilizes the global expertise § IEEE-SA Baseline IEEE standards in diverse and synergy of the IEEE's 44 societies and technical councils in technical development, education, publication, and standards community fields such as power, communications, digital information management controls technology, networking, security, reliability assessment, interconnection of distributed resources including renewable energy sources to the grid, sensors, electric metering, broadband over power line, and systems engineering uniquely position the IEEE-SA to integrate these technologies into a forward-looking platform

44 IEEE Technical Societies/Councils Aerospace & Electronic Systems Antennas & Propagation Broadcast Technology Circuits 44 IEEE Technical Societies/Councils Aerospace & Electronic Systems Antennas & Propagation Broadcast Technology Circuits & Systems Communications Components, Packaging, & Manufacturing Technology Computer Computational Intelligence Consumer Electronics Control Systems Council on Electronic Design Automation Council on Superconductivity Dielectrics & Electrical Insulation Education Electromagnetic Compatibility Electron Devices Engineering in Medicine & Biology Geosciences & Remote Sensing Industrial Electronics Industry Applications Information Theory Intelligent Transportation Systems Instrumentation & Measurement Lasers & Electro-Optics Magnetics Microwave Theory & Techniques Nanotechnology Council Nuclear & Plasma Sciences Oceanic Engineering Power Electronics Power Engineering Product Safety Engineering Professional Communication Reliability Robotics & Automation Sensors Council Signal Processing Social Implications of Technology Solid-State Circuits Systems Council Systems, Man, & Cybernetics Technology Management Council Ultrasonic's, Ferroelectrics, & Frequency Control Vehicular Technology

Interoperability - Distributed Energy Resources (DER) on Transmission and Distribution Bulk Power Substations Systems Interoperability - Distributed Energy Resources (DER) on Transmission and Distribution Bulk Power Substations Systems Approach • Interconnection & Interfaces • Technical Standards • Advanced Technologies • Systems Integration sensors (Also, larger DER on transmission) sensors Transmission System Distribution System sensors Communications – Information Flow, Data Management, Monitor & Control Load Management DER Interconnecti ons Combined Heat & Power sensors

Smart Grid Project Background December 2008: IEEE-SA initiated the development of a project strategy Smart Grid Project Background December 2008: IEEE-SA initiated the development of a project strategy in anticipation of the NIST recommendations in 2009 March 2009: IEEE-SA initiates P 2030 activity Chair: Richard De. Blasio Vice Chair: Tom Prevost Secretary: Tom Basso May 2009: NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework, Release 1. 0

NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework AMI-SEC System Security Requirements Advanced metering infrastructure NIST Initial Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework AMI-SEC System Security Requirements Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and Smart Grid end-to-end security ANSI C 12. 19/MC 1219 Revenue metering information model BAC net ANSI ASHRAE 135 -2008/ISO 16484 -5 Building automation DNP 3 Substation and feeder device automation IEC 60870 -6 / TASE. 2 Inter-control center communications IEC 61850 Substation automation and protection IEC 61968/61970 Application level energy management system interfaces IEC 62351 Parts 1 -8 Information security for power system control operations IEEE C 37. 118 Phasor measurement unit (PMU) communications IEEE 1547 Physical and electrical interconnections between utility and distributed generation (DG) IEEE 1686 -2007 Security for intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) NERC CIP 002 -009 Cyber security standards for the bulk power system NIST Special Publication (SP) 800 -53, NIST SP 800 -82 Cyber security standards and guidelines for federal information systems, including those for the bulk power system Open Automated Demand Response (Open ADR) Price responsive and direct load control Open. HANHome Area Network device communication, measurement, and control Zig. Bee/Home. Plug Smart Energy Profile Home Area Network (HAN) Device Communications and Information Model

Smart Grid Project Background (continued) June 2009: First P 2030 meeting with more than Smart Grid Project Background (continued) June 2009: First P 2030 meeting with more than 300 attendees in person and remote access 2009: IEEE with P 2030 positioned to address member and NIST recommendations

IEEE P 2030 Guide to Interoperability Body of Smart Grid Standards Interoperability Energy Information IEEE P 2030 Guide to Interoperability Body of Smart Grid Standards Interoperability Energy Information Communications Bridge of Discovery

IEEE P 2030, Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information IEEE P 2030, Draft Guide for Smart Grid Interoperability of Energy Technology and Information Technology Operation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-Use Applications and Loads Scope and Purpose • Scope: This document provides guidelines for smart grid interoperability. This guide provides a knowledge base addressing terminology, characteristics, functional performance and evaluation criteria, and the application of engineering principles for smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end use applications and loads. The guide discusses alternate approaches to good practices for the smart grid. • Purpose: This standard provides guidelines in understanding and defining smart grid interoperability of the electric power system with end-use applications and loads. Integration of energy technology and information and communications technology is necessary to achieve seamless operation for electric generation, delivery, and end-use benefits to permit two way power flow with communication and control. Interconnection and intra-facing frameworks and strategies with design definitions are addressed in this standard, providing guidance in expanding the current knowledge base. This expanded knowledge base is needed as a key element in grid architectural designs and operation to promote a more reliable and flexible electric power system. http: //grouper. ieee. org/groups/scc 21/

IEEE SCC 21 P 2030 Meeting First meeting June 3 -5; hosted by Intel IEEE SCC 21 P 2030 Meeting First meeting June 3 -5; hosted by Intel Over 300 in attendance (in-person and remote access) Discussion, level setting, planning for future work. No motions and voting at the meeting Three Task Force breakout sessions: Power Engineering Technology Task Force Leader: Sam Sciacca, Microsol, Inc. and Tom Prevost, Weidman Diagnostic Solutions Information Technology Task Force Leader: Bob Grow, Intel Communications Technology Task Force Leader: Stefano Galli, Panasonic R&D Co of America/Bob Heile, Chair-IEEE 802. 15 and Zigbee Alliance Task Forces to address: Smart Grid Definitions, Topologies, Interoperability, end-use, interfaces, and integration, etc. ) Systems Approach –focused on Functional and Performance Attributes including Test and Verification methods

IEEE SCC 21 P 2030 Meeting Results: A lot of brainstorming and from that, IEEE SCC 21 P 2030 Meeting Results: A lot of brainstorming and from that, some general conclusions; e. g. IT had good support for starting with the NIST Design Expert Working Groups as initial demarcation points for separation of utility function from customers, generation facilities (including home generation), etc. There was general agreement that significant liaison between Task Forces will be required, e. g. The Power Task Force will be requesting capabilities and proposing assumptions for the capabilities to be delivered by the Communications and IT TFs All 3 Task Forces will be meeting either via teleconference or inperson prior to the next P 2030 meeting October timeframe, possibly hosted by IBM Overall: a very positive and collaborative first meeting

Task Force 1: Power Engineering Technology TF-1 will focus on functional requirements of interoperability Task Force 1: Power Engineering Technology TF-1 will focus on functional requirements of interoperability 6 Work Groups Energy Sources Transmission Substation Distribution Load Side (Working Title) Cybersecurity Outreach for input/participation Collaboration with TF-2 and TF-3 Contact: Sam Sciacca [email protected] com Tom Prevost tom. [email protected] com

Task Force 2: Information Technology q q q q Privacy – support different ownership Task Force 2: Information Technology q q q q Privacy – support different ownership of data (aggregation enhances, high granularity compromises) Security – intrusion prevention and detection, focused on demarcs Data Integrity – undetected error requirements, communications and storage Safety – human (support for overides), device and grid Customer requires multi-manager (utility and customer) for both status and control Begin with interfaces to define interoperability demarcation points Also will consider “intrafaces” (within a cloud) Focus on object-oriented device/function definitions o Accommodate “dumb” devices (aggregated) o Data structures, definitions and formats Contact: Bob Grow b. [email protected] org

Task Force 3: Communications Technology Task Forces 1 & 2 • Define information attributes Task Force 3: Communications Technology Task Forces 1 & 2 • Define information attributes (Where, When, Who, What) A B PHY/MAC Task Force 3 Addresses communications interoperability between devices within Smart. Grid • Describe layers above PHY/MAC and below Layer 6 • Neutral to PHY/MAC standards used in the Smart Grid • PHY/MAC standards are being developed by other groups • Interoperability of electric power systems with end use applications and loads should be maintained regardless of the PHY/MAC Contact: Stefano Galli Bob Heile [email protected] panasonic. com b. [email protected] org

Observations Smart grid Standards will extend across the entire grid (i. e. , need Observations Smart grid Standards will extend across the entire grid (i. e. , need interoperability standards (top down) and building block standards (bottom up). Smart grid Equipment Standards will be needed to handle information data management, communications and control. Flexible smart grid system Interoperability Design and operational Standards will allow near term and long term smart grid evolution. Development of a body of Interoperability Smart grid Standards need to be initiated now.

Global Commitment Smart Grid standardization will be a broad global collaborative effort across multiple Global Commitment Smart Grid standardization will be a broad global collaborative effort across multiple communities Standards development organizations Government organizations Private sector

For more information on IEEE’s 2030 Project http: //grouper. ieee. org/groups/scc 21/2030_index. html Chair For more information on IEEE’s 2030 Project http: //grouper. ieee. org/groups/scc 21/2030_index. html Chair Richard De. Blasio ([email protected] gov) National Renewable Energy Laboratory 303 275 4333 (phone) Secretary Thomas S. Basso ([email protected] gov) National Renewable Energy Laboratory 303 275 3753 (phone) Standards Liaison Bill Ash (w. [email protected] org) IEEE 732 465 5828 (phone)