- Количество слайдов: 25
George Bernard Shaw
Biography 1856 -1950 • He was born in Dublin • Education was irregular – disliked organized training • 1876 moved to London – became a prominent member of the Fabian Society • 1879 he began his literary works as a novelist – – to ridicule the English stage radical rationalism disregard of conventions keen dialectic interest and verbal wit • turn the stage into a forum of ideas
Continued • At first his novels were very unsuccessful but he was able to get them published – In many of his novels and plays Shaw criticized many different types of groups • After many years of hard work and making a great fortune he married Charlotte Payne. Townshend – They lived happily together at their home, Shaw’s Corner, until his wife died in 1943 at the age of 84 – 10 years later Shaw died at his home in 1950 at the age of 94
Mom • His mother was a professional singer – She was extremely talented. • After finding out that George Carr would not do anything for her, she left him and Bernard Shaw in Dublin to live with Vandeleur Lee in London. (Bernard Shaw was only 16) • She died in 1913
Dad • His father was a failed cornmerchant, with a drinking problem (in which Oscar Wilde's father, a leading Dublin surgeon, tried unsuccessfully to correct) • Died in 1885
His view on his Parents • George Bernard Shaw completed his schooling and then moved to London with his mother and his sister. • George Bernard was just like his father at first living off his mom and sister, attempting to become successful – His first book, Immaturity, was not successful but his hundreds of other books made his fame and fortune.
Shaw and Wife • He married Charlotte Payne-Townshend in 1898 • In 1906 they moved to Hertfordshire Village of Ayot St. Lawrence where their house was called Shaw’s corner • Shaw remained with Charlotte until her death, although he was occasionally linked with other women.
His Home (Shaw’s corner) • Shaw’s corner was two miles from the nearest major road – Bernard Shaw loved this location, it was dust free from any car that drove by • To get to the house you must travel down a narrow winding road • Shaw and his wife enjoyed walking around their gardens – The gardens are said to be a mile long in length – In each mile they walked they dropped a pebble – He preferred walking and listening to the birds rather then being in the “public world. ” • Shaw died here at the age of 94 due to chronic problems, caused from a fall.
Another Woman? ? ? • He had a passionate correspondence with Mrs. Patrick Campbell (a widow and actress) – She had a star role in Pygmalion. • They say the only reason he was with her was because she was playing the role – The only reason why she got the role was because other woman would not say the word “bloody” • This word was used by the character Eliza Doolittle
Facts about his works • Authored over 60 PLAYS • Wrote about – – – Education Marriage Religion Government Health care Class privilege • wrote many brochures and speeches for the Fabian Society
L I T E R A R Y W O R K S • • • 1879 IMMATURITY 1891 THE QUINTESSENCE FO IBSENISM 1892 WIDOWER'S HOUSES 1899 YOU NEVER CAN TELL 1901 CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA; THREE PLAYS FOR PURITANS 1904 JOHN BULL'S OTHER ISLAND; THE COMMON SENSE OF MUNICIPAL TRADING 1905 MAN AND SUPERMAN; ON GOING TO CHURCH; MAJOR BARBARA 1913 GREAT CATHERINE; PYGMALION 1923 SAINT JOAN 1926 THE SOCIALISM OF SHAW 1928 THE INTELLIGENT WOMAN'S GUIDE TO SOCIALISM AND CAPITALISM
L I T E R A R Y W O R K S • • • • 1930 BERNARD SHAW AND KARL MARX 1933 AMERICAN BOOBS 1936 THE MILLIONAIRESS 1937 LONDON MUSIC IN 1888 -1889 1955 SHAW ON MUSIC 1959 SHAW'S DRAMATIC CRITICISM: 1895 -1898 1961 PLATFORM AND PUPIT; SHAW ON SHAKESPEARE 1969 SHAW: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY, VOL 1 1970 SHAW: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY, VOL 2 1971 THE ROAD TO EQUALITY 1973 COLLECTED MUSIC CRITICISM 1978 THE GREAT COMPOSERS 1984 SHAW ON DICKENS 1991 BERNARD SHAW'S BOOK REVIEWS 1996 UNPUBLISHED SHAW
Literary Works that Became Movies • • Pygmalion. German version(1935) Caesar and Cleopatra (1945) Saint Joan (1927) How He Lied to Her Husband (1931) Arms and the Man (1932) Major Barbara (1941) My Fair Ladyalso considered Pygmalion(1964)
Novels • His first five novels were unsuccessful between 1879 and 1883. – But eventually all were published 1. Cashel Byron's Profession (1886) • written in 1882 2. An Unsocial Socialist (1887) • Written in 1883, 3. Love Among the Artists (U. S. 1900 and England 1914) • Written in 1881. 4. The Irrational Knot (1905) • Written in 1880 5. Shaw's first novel, Immaturity (1931) • Written in 1879
Pygmalion vs. Shaw George Bernard Shaw Pygmalion • Mrs. Shaw was 16 years younger then her husband. • George Carr was a drunkard (tried to be a father figure) • Doolittle was quite younger then Higgins and Pickering. • Mr. Doolittle was also a drunkard. (tried to be a father figure to Eliza) • Mr. Higgins is a linguist who specializes in location of where a person lives • Mr. Higgins and Colonel Pickering were never married • Eliza Doolittle married but Higgins did not think it would last. • Bernard Shaw is a literary linguist • Was married but his wife had died.
– Published in 1934. – The Black Girl goes searching for God who she thinks is an actual person. At the end she stops her searching with the aid of a Irishman who does not have a metaphysical inclination. – This is to be an allegory • A reminiscent of Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress – Shaw uses her adventures to expose flaws and fallacies in the religions of the world.
The Miraculous Revenge (1885) – Relates the misadventures of an alcoholic investigator while he probes the mystery of a graveyard that migrates across a stream to escape association with the body of a newly buried sinner. – This story is so different from Shaw’s original stories that some people do not believe he wrote it
Widowers' Houses 1885 – First play written by Bernard Shaw – Scathing attack on slumlords – The critic was William Archer • Archer decided that Shaw could not write a play, so the project was abandoned. – First performed at London's Royalty Theatre in 1892. – Shaw called it one of his worst works
Other Plays • His financial success came from – Richard Mansfield's American production of The Devil's Disciple (1897) • Resulting from his success, he went on to write 63 plays – most of these were full-length.
Just some QUOTES • A day's work is a day's work, neither more nor less, and the man who does it needs a day's sustenance, a night's repose and due leisure, whether he be painter or ploughman. • A fashion is nothing but an induced epidemic. • A fool's brain digests philosophy into folly, science into superstition, and art into pedantry. Hence University education. • A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing. • A lifetime of happiness! No man alive could bear it; it would be hell on earth. • Americans adore me and will go on adoring me until I say something nice about them. • An American has no sense of privacy. He does not know what it means. There is no such thing in the country.
And Some More • Criminals do not die by the hands of the law. They die by the hands of other men. • Democracy is a device that ensures we shall be governed no better than we deserve. • England America are two countries separated by a common language. • Everything happens to everybody sooner or later if there is time enough. • Few people think more than two or three times a year; I have made an international reputation for myself by thinking once or twice a week. • Gambling promises the poor what property performs for the rich-something for nothing. • Hegel was right when he said that we learn from history that man can never learn anything from history. • Hell is full of musical amateurs.
After death • Shaw is now a fairly • Used a portion of his common household wealth (£ 367, 233 13 s) name in England to fund the creation of a Ireland new phonemic alphabet for the English • Created a new language adjective "Shavian“ – used to characterize observations such as: "My way of joking is to tell the truth. It's the funniest joke in the world. " – The money was insufficient to support the project – But then his estates earned money from the right to My Fair Lady – Public Trustee only let him use £ 8600 creating a new alphabet • Shavian alphabet
After death cont. • Shaw's home (Shaw's Corner) is a National Trust property, open to the public. • The Shaw Theatre opened in 1971 • The Shaw Festival, an annual theater festival in Ontario, began as an eight week run of Don Juan in Hell and Candida in 1962 – Now it is an annual festival with over 800 performances a year
After Death Cont. • Pivotal founders of the London School of Economics (LSE) – Now called the British Library of Political and Economic Science. • The Fabian Window designed by Shaw, hangs in the Shaw Library in the main building of the LSE.
Bibliography Pictures • • • • http: //www. tcnj. edu/~bearer/shaw 352. jpg http: //image. guardian. co. uk/sysimages/Books/Pix/authors/2007/05/30/gbs 1. jpg http: //www. worldandi. com/newhome/public/2003/ may/graphics/bk 3. jpg http: //nobelprize. org/nobel_prizes/literature/laure ates/1925/shaw-bio. html http: //www. londonarchitecture. co. uk/Images/Sout h. Bank/London. City. Hall-001. jpg http: //images. barnesandnoble. com/images/14600 000/14606008. JPG http: //ecx. imagesamazon. com/images/I/51 Q 4 M 6 DBF 1 L. _SL 500_ AA 280_. jpg http: //www. guidelive. com/sharedcontent/dws/img/ v 3/03 -242008. ngl_23 Major. Barbara 2. GKH 2 C 7 OO 2. 1. jpg http: //www. webbmemorialtrust. org. uk/content/ima ges/fabian_window. jpg http: //www. spartacus. schoolnet. co. uk/EDlse. JPG http: //cache. eb. com/eb/image? id=68012&rend. Ty pe. Id=4 http: //farm 2. static. flickr. com/1386/1165661960_0 26041 f 580. jpg? v=0 http: //www. zaalbooks. nl/Book. Images/2774. jpg Information • • http: //nobelprize. org/nobel_prizes/literature/la ureates/1925/shaw-bio. html http: //www. classicreader. com/author. php/aut. 154/ http: //www. english. upenn. edu/~cmazer/mis 1. html http: //images. google. com/imgres? imgurl=http: //martingoodman. com/soyouwanttobeawriter/ uploaded_images/Shaw%27 s-Corner 744543. jpg&imgrefurl=http: //martingoodman. com/soyouwanttobeawriter/2007/06/georgebernard-shawscorner. html&h=1128&w=1600&sz=392&hl=en &start=3&um=1&tbnid=p 26 a. Vap. Uw 4 VV 6 M: & tbnh=106&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3 Fq%3 Dgeorge%2 Bbernard%2 Bshaw%2 Band%2 B wife%26 um%3 D 1%26 hl%3 Den%26 safe%3 D active%26 sa%3 DN http: //www. quotationspage. com/quotes/Georg e_Bernard_Shaw/ THE END •