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Geography of South Asia Geography of South Asia

South Asia 1. 6 billion people One of the most densely populated regions on South Asia 1. 6 billion people One of the most densely populated regions on Earth India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Nepal India makes up a majority of the land in South Asia Subcontinent: Large landmass that is smaller than a continent

Mountain Ranges Himalaya Mountains: 1, 500 -mile-long range of mountains; Highest on earth › Mountain Ranges Himalaya Mountains: 1, 500 -mile-long range of mountains; Highest on earth › Create a massive wall that separates the Indian subcontinent from the interior of Asia Hindu Kush Mountains: In Afghanistan and Pakistan Eastern and Western Ghats: Low-lying mountain ranges around the Deccan Plateau in India A view of the Himalayas from Kathmandu, India. Himalaya is a Sanskrit word that literally means "abode of snow. "

Now, find the Hindu Kush and the Himalayas! Now, find the Hindu Kush and the Himalayas!

Other Landforms Indo-Gangetic Plain: Massive plains that extend across the north and west from Other Landforms Indo-Gangetic Plain: Massive plains that extend across the north and west from Pakistan to eastern India and Bangladesh › Rivers flow through these › Thar Desert is located in it (Northwest India)

Topography of India Topography of India

Deccan Plateau Deccan Plateau: Located south of the great plains › ½ of South Deccan Plateau Deccan Plateau: Located south of the great plains › ½ of South Asia › Millions of farms › High, flat land are rivers

Rivers On the Indo-Gangetic Plain › Indus River: Principal river of Pakistan › Brahmaputra Rivers On the Indo-Gangetic Plain › Indus River: Principal river of Pakistan › Brahmaputra River: Begins in the Himalayas in Tibet and joins the Ganges River at the massive Ganges. Brahmaputra Delta in Bangladesh › Ganges River: Begins in Himalayas; joins the Brahmaputra in Bangladesh; empties into Bay of Bengal Most holy river for Hindus

Climate of India Tropical in the south and temperate in the north Rainfall varies Climate of India Tropical in the south and temperate in the north Rainfall varies by region (some areas have tropical rainforests) Often inconsistent and violent 4 seasons › › Cool, dry (Dec. -Feb. ) Hot, dry (March-May) Wet (June-Sept. —monsoon) Drier monsoon (Oct. -Nov. )

Monsoons Monsoon: Seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia › Key to Monsoons Monsoon: Seasonal wind that dominates the climate of South Asia › Key to life for farmers: need the rain that the monsoon winds bring › Issues: Sometimes there is too much rain and sometimes there is too little › Wet monsoon: Late May or early June › Dry monsoon: October Flooding in Bangladesh from the monsoons

Monsoon Winds Monsoon Winds

Resources Blackwell, Amy Hackney. Resources Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Khyber Pass. " World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. Burris, Tamar. "Himalayas. " World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013 "Flooding in Bangladesh. " Image. Photo. Disc, Inc. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. "Himalayas from Kathmandu. " Image. Corel. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. India: topography. Map/Still. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. . Indian monsoon: average dates of summer monsoon across Asia. Map/Still. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. . "Region at a Glance: South Asia (illustration). " Image. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. Stockdale, Nancy. "South Asia. " World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. "Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. " Image. Corel. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. "Topographic Map. " Map. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 15 Jan. 2013.