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5 Themes of Geography • Location – Absolute – Relative • Place – Cultural characteristics – Physical characteristics • Region • Movement • Human and Environment Interaction
Location • Absolute – address 555 Trojan Trail Glasgow, KY 42141 – latitude/longitude 37ºN; 85°W • Relative – What is it located near? • Barren County is near Warren County
Could you create a map that shows the route you traveled from your house to BCMS? http: //www. mapquest. com/directions/main. adp? do=nw&go=1&r=f&aoh =&aot=&aof=&1 a=%5 b 1%2 d 572%5 d%20 MATTHEWS%20 MILL%20 R D&1 c=GLASGOW&1 s=KY&1 z=42141&1 n=BARREN%20 COUNTY&1 y=US&1 l=AMr 2 Ty. D 516 r. Vh. UZl 2 glg. XQ%3 d%3 d&1 g=pm. NVKcd. IUx 8 EK Lx 2 qo 8 Odw%3 d%3 d&1 v=STREET&2 a=555%20 Trojan%20 Trail&2 c= Glasgow&2 s=KY&2 z=42141&2 y=US&2 l=&2 g=&2 pn=&2 pl=&2 v=&2 ffi= &2 ex=&2 n=
ola H Place • Cultural Characteristics – Kinds of houses, means of transportation, recreational activities, jobs, languages, and religion Hello • Physical Characteristics – Climate, soil, plant life, animal life, bodies of water
Region • Areas that have similar unifying characteristics Largest caves Grass looks Blue Smallest of the regions 2/3 rds of coal in KY Gateway to the West Highest elevation
Native Americans in Alaska wear different clothes, have different architecture, and have different lifestyles than the Native Americans in Florida. Describe a favorite city, state, or country. How does the physical characteristics in the place influence the customs? Do hurricanes influence a region’s population and economy?
Movement • The movement of people, the import and export of goods, and mass communication
What places did your ancestors leave in order to settle in the US? Why do you think they moved to America?
Human and Environment Interaction • Humans adapt, depend, and modify the environment.
What are some more examples of ways that humans use and modify the environment in places in which they live?
How does geography influence where businesses such as gas stations and malls are built? Look at page 6 of your Glencoe book.
Homework due Tuesday • Illustrate the 5 themes of geography
Latitude and Longitude
• Lines of Latitude and Longitude are measured in terms of degrees. • Degrees (°) are divided into minutes. – Minutes symbol is ΄. – There are 60 minutes in a degree. • Latitude degrees are N and S. – 0° to 90°N/S • Longitude degrees are E and W. – 0° to 180°W/E
Lines of Latitude are called parallels.
180° longitude = International Date Lines of longitude are called meridians.
Two ways for a cartographer to map: 1. Globe – 3 D; has height, depth, and width 2. Map – 2 D
Comparing Globes and Maps • Which is more accurate? – Globe, because it is shaped like the earth. – Only accurate way to draw earth is a sphere. • Which is easier to read? – Map – Because they show more about the world’s people
Different Types of Maps 1. General purpose – shows a wide range of general information 2. Physical map – shows natural features 3. Political map – shows places that people have created 4. Special-purpose – shows information on specific topics
Mercator Projectionshows accurate land shapes but not accurate size and distance Most popular; Most incorrect; distorted; Greenland Alaska are huge on the map.
Interrupted Projection – Mercator’s as a cut-up sphere; shows size more accurate but difficult to calculate distances
Robinson projection – gives fairly accurate view of most sizes, shapes, and directions; shows a fairly accurate picture of the relationship between land masses and water; used more than the interrupted
Landforms and Water
Tributaries small waterways that feed into larger waters i. e. creeks into rivers
Topography study of the surface; “top” of the earth Elevation – height above sea level Relief – difference in height
Exit Slip: Match the description to the correct term Address Culture Similar characteristics Manmade lake Immigration landforms defined Like a flatten globe States outlined Population map correct sizes and shapes accurate shapes but not sizes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mercator Interrupted Robinson Physical Political 6. Special Purpose 7. Location 8. Place 9. Region 10. Movement 11. Human/Environment Interaction