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GEO-NETCast Overview GEO User Interface Committee Ottawa, Canada September 5 -7, 2006 Linda V. GEO-NETCast Overview GEO User Interface Committee Ottawa, Canada September 5 -7, 2006 Linda V. Moodie GEO-NETCast Point of Contact

The Premise behind GEOSS September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 2 The Premise behind GEOSS September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 2

What is it? GEO-NETCast is a near real-time data dissemination system -- in support What is it? GEO-NETCast is a near real-time data dissemination system -- in support of the GEO societal benefit areas -- by which environmental in situ, airborne, and space-based observations, products, and services are transmitted to users through satellites. Why? To provide environmental data to users who would not otherwise have access to it. When? Target is to complete the global demonstration by the end of 2007 September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 3

Overall Concept • A global broadcast system for the delivery of data, products, and Overall Concept • A global broadcast system for the delivery of data, products, and services contributed to GEOSS B Data from in-situ and space-based observing systems in standard formats B Supporting all nine GEO societal benefit areas B Built on existing dissemination systems with data collection hubs around the globe • Transmitted to affordable ground receiving stations through satellites B Situated to provide global coverage B Use of standard, multicast, dissemination protocols, such as Digital Video Broadcast (DVB), to encapsulate products of any format • Dissemination is full and open, respecting existing data policies - Data is divided into channels that user can select based on need • The cost of satellite communications for each sector of the globe would be funded by one or more partners in GEO-NETCast, and the day to day management of each sector would be under their responsibility September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 4

Major GEO-NETCast Participants GEOSS Data Providers From Nine GEO Societal Benefit Areas Dissemination Service Major GEO-NETCast Participants GEOSS Data Providers From Nine GEO Societal Benefit Areas Dissemination Service Managers NOAA EUMETSAT Satellite Service Providers Others Many telecomm vendors September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada End Users 5

Typical Receiver Station Configuration - Dedicated personal computer (~ $1000) - Satellite antenna dish Typical Receiver Station Configuration - Dedicated personal computer (~ $1000) - Satellite antenna dish (1 -3 m) (~ $300 -1200) - DTH receiver card or box (~ $200) Data analysis and processing should be done on separate computer(s) September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 6

Interface to GEO • GEO, in December 2005, adopted the concept in principle of Interface to GEO • GEO, in December 2005, adopted the concept in principle of a GEONETCast, as presented by NOAA and EUMETSAT • GEO-NETCast identified as key GEO Work Plan task for 2006 • GEO Architecture and Data Committee has oversight – Must coordinate also with Capacity Building and User Interface Committees • GEO-NETCast Implementation Group (US/NOAA, EUMETSAT, WMO) leads and manages the initiative – Could include involvement of other infrastructure providers when identified September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 7

GEO-NETCast Implementation Group Linda Moodie (NOAA) : GEO-NETCast Point of Contact for GEO • GEO-NETCast Implementation Group Linda Moodie (NOAA) : GEO-NETCast Point of Contact for GEO • NOAA – Richard Fulton • EUMETSAT – Michael Williams Co-leads • WMO – Donald Hinsman • Other infrastructure contributors from around the world September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 8

GEO Members and Organizations Indicating Interest in GEO-NETCast • • • • Argentina Australia GEO Members and Organizations Indicating Interest in GEO-NETCast • • • • Argentina Australia Brazil China European Commission Finland Germany Greece Japan Korea New Zealand Russia South Africa United Kingdom United States (co-lead) September 7, 2006 • African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) • Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) • European Space Agency (ESA) • EUMETNET • EUMETSAT (co-lead) • Federation of Digital Broadband Seismographic Networks (FDSN) • International Institute of Space Law (IISL) • Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) • World Meteorological Organization (WMO) (co-lead) GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 9

Work for 2006 • NOAA, EUMETSAT and WMO to refine initial technical details relating Work for 2006 • NOAA, EUMETSAT and WMO to refine initial technical details relating to late spring demo of GEO-NETCast (as built upon EUMETCast), including the identification and provision by NOAA of data sets to be added to EUMETCast data. The first version of a demo product list is now available. • Refine concept, including an assessment of current data transfer and dissemination systems, a discussion of options, and a recommended way forward, building on identified user requirements. • Identify other GEO-NETCast providers to develop a global dissemination capability and all associated technical tasks. • Work with the GEO User Interface and Capacity Building Committees and others to identify additional data, products, services, and reception requirements to address the needs of all nine societal benefit areas under GEO. • Develop full master schedule through GEO-III timeframe. • Report status and proposed way forward to GEO’s Architecture and Data Committee, Executive Committee, and Plenary. September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 10

GEO-NETCast Live Demonstrations • European Commission Workshop, Belgium, 5/3/06 • GEO Capacity Building Committee GEO-NETCast Live Demonstrations • European Commission Workshop, Belgium, 5/3/06 • GEO Capacity Building Committee Workshop, Brazil, 5/29/06 • Meteorological Satellite Data Users Course, Brazil, 7/06 • First GEO-NETCast Participants Meeting, USA, 7/19/06 • GEO Architecture and Data Committee Meeting, USA, 7/20/06 • GEOSS Workshop, IEEE Int’l Geophysical and Remote Sensing Symposium, USA, 7/30/06 • USGEO Meeting, USA, 9/14/06 • GEO Plenary-III, Switzerland, 11/06 September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 11

Sample of GEO-NETCast Demonstration Products from NOAA and EUMETSAT • • • Global Normalized Sample of GEO-NETCast Demonstration Products from NOAA and EUMETSAT • • • Global Normalized Differential Vegetation Index Global Instability Index Ocean surface wind speed Chlorophyll concentration Cloud Analysis and Cloud Mask Soil moisture Land surface type, albedo, temperature, and radiation fluxes Volcanic ash imagery and advisories Fire and smoke analysis Snow cover, depth, and water content Will be adding in-situ products + products from all GEO societal benefit areas September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 12

Current GEO-NETCast Data Flow to Seattle Hotbird-6 Satellite NOAA + EUMETSAT Demo Products NSS-806 Current GEO-NETCast Data Flow to Seattle Hotbird-6 Satellite NOAA + EUMETSAT Demo Products NSS-806 Satellite AMC-3 Satellite Ku C Ku FTP Usingen, Germany Uplink September 7, 2006 Paris, France Turnaround Virginia, USA Turnaround GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada Seattle, USA 13

Participants Meeting: July 19, 2006 Objectives with Outcomes Objective: Ensure that there is a Participants Meeting: July 19, 2006 Objectives with Outcomes Objective: Ensure that there is a consensus understanding of the initiative; Outcome: – Scope of GEO-NETCast in context of GEOSS architecture – Phased development, progressing to operational – Global coverage – Serving all nine societal benefit areas – Involvement of developing countries Objective: Identify those partners that might be able to provide other components, both infrastructure and data or products, contributing to a global dissemination capability; Outcome: - Prospective global coverage by late 2007: - US/NOAA intending to provide coverage of the Americas and much of Pacific - - EUMETSAT currently covering Europe, Africa, much of Americas China offering to provide coverage of East Asia, Australia, and western Pacific Expanding data and products to serve all nine SBAs will require additional resources, both in-kind actual (e. g. , for additional bandwidth) September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 14

EUMETCast Coverage September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 15 EUMETCast Coverage September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 15

Proposed US/NOAA Coverage Area (notional) September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada Proposed US/NOAA Coverage Area (notional) September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 16

Proposed Chinese Coverage (in purple) Asia. Sat-4 September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Proposed Chinese Coverage (in purple) Asia. Sat-4 September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 17

Prospective Chinese Contribution • China proposing its Feng. Yun. Cast data dissemination system to Prospective Chinese Contribution • China proposing its Feng. Yun. Cast data dissemination system to be an integrated component of GEO-NETCast – Moving from narrower Ku-band coverage to broader C-band coverage (Asia. Sat-4 at 122 E) – 110 DVB-S user stations currently – Expanding number of stations this year to Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Mongolia, Pakistan, and Thailand – Currently focused mostly on transmission of meteorological satellite data and products (FY-1, FY-2 C, MTSAT, NOAA/POES, MODIS), but willing to expand to other types of data for all nine GEO societal benefit areas • Russia testing MITRA satellite data dissemination system – They expect to propose it for GEO-NETCast September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 18

Participants Meeting: July 19, 2006 Objectives with Outcomes (continued) Objective: Work with those participating Participants Meeting: July 19, 2006 Objectives with Outcomes (continued) Objective: Work with those participating as users to identify additional data, products, services, and reception requirements to meet the needs of all nine societal benefit areas under GEO; Outcome: Importance of ongoing dialogue with User Interface Committee and Capacity Building Committee Objective: Discuss the future framework of the 2007 -2009 GEO Work Plan and any desired GEO-NETCast input; Objective: Discuss development of a GEO-NETCast Implementation Plan; Objective: Demonstrate an initial GEO-NETCast capability. Outcome: Successfully completed September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 19

Challenges for 2007 • Continuing coordination with and receiving input from user community • Challenges for 2007 • Continuing coordination with and receiving input from user community • Developing linkages to other dissemination methods as part of the overall GEOSS architecture • Confirming and working with other infrastructure contributors to build a global system • Incorporating data and product contributions from multiple sources to serve all GEO societal benefit areas • Further developing a GEO-NETCast Implementation Plan • Unveiling GEO-NETCast to ministers at the 4 th Earth Observation Summit September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 20

Backup Slides September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 21 Backup Slides September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 21

Live GEO-NETCast Demonstration: Two Objectives: • End User demo: – Demonstrate the real-time reception Live GEO-NETCast Demonstration: Two Objectives: • End User demo: – Demonstrate the real-time reception of GEO-NETCast demo products using the 1. 2 m satellite dish here at the Boeing facility and our portable receiver station • Data provider demo: – Demonstrate the ad-hoc transmission using internet FTP of a sample product from Seattle to the satellite uplink facility in Germany, through 3 commercial satellites for broadcast and reception back here by our receive station September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 22

GEONETCast Demonstration Updates for GEO Meetings in Seattle • A Ku-band, United States footprint GEONETCast Demonstration Updates for GEO Meetings in Seattle • A Ku-band, United States footprint from the AMC-3 satellite was set up by NOAA for the GEO Seattle meetings • The purpose was to make the GEONETCast demo available in Seattle • A standard ‘DVB turnaround’ was implemented at the Americom teleport in Alexandria, Virginia • This demonstrates: – Implementation of a turnaround to extend the geographic coverage of GEONETCast; – Data exchange by overlapping footprints (EUMETCast America feeds the AMC-3 retransmission). September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 23

Current Satellite Infrastructure and Coverage Supporting the GEO-NETCast Demonstration EUMETCast HB-6, Ku-band NOAA AMC-3, Current Satellite Infrastructure and Coverage Supporting the GEO-NETCast Demonstration EUMETCast HB-6, Ku-band NOAA AMC-3, Ku-band EUMETCast South America NSS 806, C-band, September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 24

2006 -2007 U. S. /NOAA Activities • Refine NOAA’s vision and concept for a 2006 -2007 U. S. /NOAA Activities • Refine NOAA’s vision and concept for a GEO-NETCast in the Americas – A draft NOAA document has been written and is being distributed for review • Develop and approve NOAA’s Level 1 Requirements specifications and cost estimates • Identify user product requirements • Engage other potential data providers regarding their data/product size, frequency, etc. • Begin development of a data collection and dissemination hub • Evaluate communication satellite provider services and costs to provide coverage for the Americas September 7, 2006 GEO User Interface Committee, Ottawa, Canada 25