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General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics

Investigation of Texts: Literary Analysis Acknowledge the Integrality of Form and Content Modern Application Investigation of Texts: Literary Analysis Acknowledge the Integrality of Form and Content Modern Application Audience Writer Document Literary Approach (13. 1)

Implications Factual Establishing Informative What factual issues did the writer report from that world? Implications Factual Establishing Informative What factual issues did the writer report from that world? Did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world establish the origins or historically justify the world of the original audience? How did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world provide information about their world? Moral Modeling Directive What moral issues did the writer report from that world? Did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world provide models or examples for the original audience? How did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world Morally obligate them in their world? Emotional Adumbrating Affective What emotional issues did the writer report from that world? That World of History Anticipations Did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world adumbrate or closely parallel the world of the original audience? How did the factual, moral, and emotional issues of that world provide affective considerations for their world? Explicit Implicit Explicit Their World of Audience Observations Implicit Describing Original Meaning (13. 2)

Application: “for us” But not directly for us “on whom the fulfillment of the Application: “for us” But not directly for us “on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come” Original Meaning: Not just for them… What are these epochal differences between original meaning and today? How are we to Differences in Redemptive Historical acknowledge them in Epochs application? Epochal Adjustments (13. 3)

General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics

Literary Covenant Stages Pre-literary Covenant stages Christ A D W David Moses Abraham Noah Literary Covenant Stages Pre-literary Covenant stages Christ A D W David Moses Abraham Noah Adam Covenants and Scripture (13. 4)

Covenant Stage of Application Covenant Stage of Original Meaning Intervening Covenant Stage Christ Applying Covenant Stage of Application Covenant Stage of Original Meaning Intervening Covenant Stage Christ Applying the Mosaic History David A W Background Covenant Stage D Moses Covenant Stage of Original Meaning W D A David Covenant Stage of Application Christ Applying the Deuteronimistic and Chronisitc Histories Moses Twofold Orientation (13. 5)

General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics General Epochal Adjustments I. Basic Idea 9 II. Covenants and Canon III. Covenant Dynamics

All Covenant dynamics function in all covenants, but vary as the Kingdom of God All Covenant dynamics function in all covenants, but vary as the Kingdom of God develops in its forward movement toward the universal earthly reign of God. For this reason, Christians must make epochal adjustments by comparing and contrasting all four elements in the dynamics among various stages of the covenants. Christ David Moses Abraham Noah Adam Human Loyalty Continuity / Discontinuity (13. 6) Curses in Nature and War Blessings in Nature and War Divine Benevolence

Scofieldian Dispensationalism Reformed Theology Replacement Organic Development Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Scofieldian Dispensationalism Reformed Theology Replacement Organic Development Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Christ David How should we expect later covenants to relate to previous covenants? Dispensationalist Outlook (3. 7)

Reformed Theology Organic Development Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Christ David How Reformed Theology Organic Development Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Christ David How should we expect later covenants to relate to previous covenants? Reformed Outlook (13. 8)

Models of Ideological Development Building Blocks Some Elements Remain the Same Others Become Obsolete Models of Ideological Development Building Blocks Some Elements Remain the Same Others Become Obsolete Fluid / Organic All Elements Remain Normative, but None Stay Exactly the Same Models of Continuity (13. 9)

Divine Benevolence Continued Parts Curses Blessings Discontinued Parts Christ Discontinued Parts Human Loyalty Moses Divine Benevolence Continued Parts Curses Blessings Discontinued Parts Christ Discontinued Parts Human Loyalty Moses David Some parts continue and others are discontinued by later revelation. Segmented View (13. 10)

Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Christ David All aspects continue, but all Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Moses Christ David All aspects continue, but all aspects are changed by later revelation. Organic / Fluid View (13. 11)

All Dynamics in All Covenants Relatively Major Developments Relatively Minor Developments Curses Blessings Divine All Dynamics in All Covenants Relatively Major Developments Relatively Minor Developments Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty Christ David Moses Degrees of Development (13. 12)

Divine Benevolence Deliverance from Egypt Wonder of Tabernacle Success in Conquest Distribution of Land Divine Benevolence Deliverance from Egypt Wonder of Tabernacle Success in Conquest Distribution of Land Deliverance through Judges Human Loyalty Moses Curses Blessings Wisdom of Law

Divine Benevolence Gratitude for Benevolences Application of Law to Life Human Loyalty Moses Curses Divine Benevolence Gratitude for Benevolences Application of Law to Life Human Loyalty Moses Curses Blessings Heart Love for God

Victory in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Bounty in Nature in Canaan Victory in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Bounty in Nature in Canaan Human Loyalty Moses Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence

Defeat in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Corruption of Nature in Canaan Defeat in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Corruption of Nature in Canaan Human Loyalty Moses Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence

Divine Benevolence Jerusalem Temple Victories Imperial Prosperity Further Revelation Human Loyalty David Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Jerusalem Temple Victories Imperial Prosperity Further Revelation Human Loyalty David Curses Blessings Permanent Dynasty

Divine Benevolence Gratitude for Benevolences Application of Law to Life Application of Further Revelation Divine Benevolence Gratitude for Benevolences Application of Law to Life Application of Further Revelation Human Loyalty David Curses Blessings Heart Love for God

Victory in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Bounty in Nature in Canaan Victory in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Bounty in Nature in Canaan and Expanded Territories Human Loyalty David Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence

Defeat in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Corruption of Nature in Canaan Defeat in War in Canaan and with Neighboring Nations Corruption of Nature in Canaan and Expanded Territories Human Loyalty Moses Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence

Prior to Eschaton: Ongoing Cycles of Covenant Blessing and Judgment: Personally, Regionally, Nationally Curses Prior to Eschaton: Ongoing Cycles of Covenant Blessing and Judgment: Personally, Regionally, Nationally Curses Blessings Divine Benevolence Human Loyalty David Deut 28 Judges Liturgical Cycles Moses OT Covenantal Cycles (13. 21)

Prolonged Flagrant Disloyalty Restoration to Great Blessings in “Latter Days” Curse of Exile Repentance Prolonged Flagrant Disloyalty Restoration to Great Blessings in “Latter Days” Curse of Exile Repentance Moses’ Anticipation Israel’s Covenantal History (Deut 4, 28 -30 Lev 26) Mosaic Eschatological Outlook (12. 8)

Prophetic Expansion of Covenant History Prolonged Flagrant Disloyalty Restoration to Great Blessings in “Latter Prophetic Expansion of Covenant History Prolonged Flagrant Disloyalty Restoration to Great Blessings in “Latter Days” Curse of Exile Repentance Mosaic Eschatological Outlook (12. 8)

Jer 31: 31 -40 // Deut 30: 1 -6 // Heb 8: 7 -13 Jer 31: 31 -40 // Deut 30: 1 -6 // Heb 8: 7 -13 It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them, “ ((31: 32) Prolonged Flagrant Disloyalty • …a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah … with the house of Israel after that time (31: 33) • "Only if the heavens above can be measured and the foundations of the earth below be searched out will I reject all the descendants of Israel because of all they have done, " (31: 37) • The city[Jerusalem] will never again be uprooted or demolished. “ (31: 38) Curse of Exile Failure of Old Covenant Repentance Restoration to Great Blessings in “Latter Days” Success of (Re)New(ed) Covenant vd'x' Eschatological New Covenant (12: 11)

New Testament Eschatology Consummation Continuation Inauguration Success of (Re)New(ed) Covenant vd'x' Phases of Eschaton New Testament Eschatology Consummation Continuation Inauguration Success of (Re)New(ed) Covenant vd'x' Phases of Eschaton (12. 12)

Relatively Large Changes New Relatively Small Changes 1. NT Revelation David Moses 2. Holy Relatively Large Changes New Relatively Small Changes 1. NT Revelation David Moses 2. Holy Spirit & New Earth 3. Jesus as Eternal King 4. Spiritual Battles 1. Fuller Revelation of OT Divine Benevolence 4. Wars with Other Nations 5. Tabernacle 5. Temple Curses Blessings 2. Inheritance of Canaan 4. Conquest of Canaan 6. Christ AS Heavenly Priest 3. Davidic Dynasty 1. Mosaic Law of Pentateuch 3. Expectation of King 5. Christ & Church 2. Expanded Borders 6. Priestly Orders Failure and Exile Radical Divine Intervention 6. Levitical Priesthood Human Loyalty OT tp NT Adjustments (13. 26)

Consummation 1. Face to Face 2. New Heavens and Earth 3. Jesus’ New Earthly Consummation 1. Face to Face 2. New Heavens and Earth 3. Jesus’ New Earthly Reign 4. Final Judgment Continuation 5. Sanctification of New Earth 1. NT Canon 6. Universal Priesthood 2. Down Payment of Spirit, et al 3. Christ’s Conquering Heavenly Reign 4. Ongoing Spiritual War 5. Church as Body of Christ 6. Christ and Church as Priests David Inauguration 1. Fuller Revelation of OT 2. Expanded Borders 3. Davidic Dynasty 4. Wars with Other Nations 1. Jesus, Apostles, Prophets 2. Jesus’ and Apostles’ Geographical Reach 3. Jesus’ Ascension 4. Jesus’ Death and Resurrection 5. Christ‘s Body on Earth 6. Christ as Sacrifice and Mediator 5. Temple 6. Priestly Orders ICC Adjustments (13. 27)