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GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF MILITARY COOPERATION AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS OF THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE Briefing on the situation in the South-East of Ukraine (10. 03 – 15. 03. 2016) 1
Development of situation within the context of Russian-Ukrainian conflict EVENTS IN MILITARY-POLITICAL AND HUMANITARIAN DOMAINS 1. 10. 03. 2016 – in Minsk, within the framework of negotiations regarding conflict settlement in Donetsk one has discussed the following issues: activities on «formalization» of mandate and competence of Joint Center of Control and Coordination; results of events conducting on counter mine activity; mechanisms of ceasefire violations preventing. 2. 14. 03. 2016 - in Brussels, during EU Council meeting one has agreed the principles of relations building between EU and RF. Complete fulfillment of Minsk agreements by RF was stated as the key factor for bilateral dialogue improving. Within this context F. Mogherini, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, marked that the issue of reviewing sanctions regime against RF can be examined during the next EU Council meeting (in summer, 2016). 3. In scopes of closed meeting of RF President administration headed by V. Surkov (Moscow, beginning of March), it was adopted the decision regarding intensification of Kremlin public outreach activity on destabilization of internal situation in Ukraine (first of all in South-Eastern districts and Zakarpattia – activity invocation on national minorities rights). 4. 14. 03. 2016 – in Moscow, V. Putin, RF President, gave the order regarding the beginning of the key 4. forces withdrawal from Syria since 15. 03. 2016. This order was announced during the meeting with S. Shoigu, the Minister of Defence, and S. Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs. Besides, the home stations (naval – in Tartus and aviation one – in airfield Humaimam) will be functioning as previously.
Development of situation within the context of Russian-Ukrainian conflict Main events in the occupied regions of Ukraine 1. 12. 03. 2016 – in Donetsk it was conducted the closed meeting headed by Russian curators with socalled leaders of «DNR» . RF representatives complained of progress absence regarding «undermining» of inner political situation in uncontrolled by «DNR» territory of Donetsk region. Significant attention was drawn to the representatives of local authorities of KRASNOARMEISK, SELIDOV, KURAKHOVO, VOLNOVAKHA (earlier Kremlin has allocated funds for the authority of «DNR» ) ; 2. Within the framework of activities on renewal of «DNR» economic development (according to the reports of closed meetings) the local authority has marked the crisis situation in «DNR» industry. In accordance with the data of I. Martynov, Donetsk «Head of administration» , presently the number of jobs at enterprises has decreased on 47% (in comparison with the previous year); from 856 enterprises no more than 205 fell under the jurisdiction of «DNR» ; it is needed the investments of 55 bln rubles for the renewal of complete technologic processes. 3. Since 01. 04. 2016 in the interests of evaluation of sum loss being brought to Luhansk region, so-called «LNR authority» declared the opening of «Republican center of evaluation» . The evaluation of losses by local population because of combat military actions can be implemented by means of demanding from Russian curators necessary financial means for «LNR» infrastructure renewal. 4. Main Intelligence Directorate of MOD of Ukraine within the framework of briefing for mass media has stated the new facts on disassembly and exportation of industrial enterprises of «DNR» and «LNR» on RF territory.
The facts of disassembly and enterprises equipment exportation of so-called DNR» and «LNR» « Before the start of the conflict in Donbas there were located more than 60 enterprises of national standing. It is known, that standing. the active are Makeyevka coking plant, plant NORD (Ukrainian registration, salaries are in hryvnias and transferred on cards), coal are Makeyevka coking plant, plant NORD Ukrainian registration, salaries are in hryvnias and transferred on cards), active mines, owned by DTEK company in Donetsk and Luhansk regions, Alchevsk metallurgical plant, Yenakievo metallurgical plant. The monitors inform that in the majority of machine building enterprises it is conducted the repair of military equipment and weapons production. Waste metals, ore and output production have been exported from the occupied territory by railway transport. production. Waste metals, ore The following enterprises are active: milling, confectionary, oil and fat, bakery, milk, meat, fish processing, food and flavors, beer, bottling factories. Vine, liqueurs and spirits, tobacco production are also functioning. For the previous months it was activated local small and medium business due to the emerging of enough funds and returning businesses to their owners from the Crimea and unoccupied territories, where they were waiting out for the active phase of military businesses to their owners from the Crimea and unoccupied territories, where they were waiting out for the active phase of actions.
RUSSIAN FEDERATION ARMED FORCES COMPONENT IN A FRONTIER ZONE WITH UKRAINE Russian Federation Armed Forces composition on the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk (LNR/DNR) – up to 4 to launchers «Tochka-U» Tochka- to 7 200 – up to 117 (+110 at storage bases) – up to 460 UKRAINE – up to 150 – up to 95 – up to 66 air defense systems Up to 10 BTG 7 CTG РТГр – до 11 CTG – up to 9 Up to 3 BTG 1 CTG RUSSIA Up to 1 BTG Up to 2 BTG 1 CTG
RF AF RECONNAISSANCE UAV USED IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PART OF UKRAINE UAV characteristics Take-off weight, kg Speed, Altitude, km Flight period, radius, km size, м : length/ km/h, max/min. hours wing span HRUSHA HRANAT-1 HRANAT -2 HRANAT -3 HRANAT -4 TAKHION 2, 4 3, 5 7 30 6, 9 120 60 120 140 120 0, 5/3 1, 5 0, 6 2, 0 4 1, 25 1, 0 2, 0 6, 0 2 10 10 15 25 100 40 0, 2/0, 48 ORLAN-10 14 150 5, 0 4 100 1, 1/2, 4 FORPOST DOZOR-100 454 95 204 170 5, 8/0, 05 5, 0 17, 5 10 150 -250 1200 5, 8/8, 5 3, 0/5, 4 UAV characteristics requirements 0. 61/2 RF AF UAV classification long range (more than 500 km) IV DOZOR-100 middle range (from 100 to 500 km) III FORPOST short range (up to 100 km) II ORLAN-10, TAKHION, HRANAT -4 short range (up to 25 km) I HRUSHA, HRANAT (1, 2, 3) HRANAT-1 HRANAT -2 UAV “FORPOST” UAV “DOZOR-100” HRANAT -3 UAV “ORLAN-10” UAV “TAKHION” UAV “HRUSHA” 6 HRANAT -4
DIFFERENT TYPES OF UAVs USED BY Russian Federation Complex “Heodezia-B" with an unmanned helicopter TB-29 B Purpose: surveillance, monitoring of airspace and terrain; jamming; highlighting the objectives and definition of target coordinates; delivery of the payload (5 kg max. ); Equipped with: video platform with surveillance cameras (thermal, daylight, ultraviolet). Maximum speed - 150 km/h Unmanned helicopter “Horizont Air S-100“ Manufactured by “Horizont” company under the license of Austrian company “Shybel”. The helicopter has a takeoff weight of 200 kg, equipped with an engine with capacity of 55 hp. Cruising speed - 100 km/h (max 220 km/h. ). Range of use - up to 150 km Unmanned helicopter “Voron-700” is equipped with the engine which allows to cover 50 kg take off weight (It has weight 90 kg, speed up to 150 km/h). 150 Range of use - up to 2500 m. Drone type “VURKT” Purpose: detection and destruction of enemy targets with the help of disposable rear rocket-propelled grenades (tested with RPG 26). Characteristics: operational ceiling, payload up to 12 kg at takeoff weight of 30 kg. , Time to prepare for combat use - up to 15 minutes
TYPICAL SABOTAGE OPERATIONS OF Russian AF WITH THE HELP OF UAVs Analysis of the use of drones by enemy in ATO zone allows to build a typical scheme of the actions made by Russian Armed Forces Sabotage groups aimed to explore and destroy the military facilities on the territory of Ukraine H = 200 - 400 м Incendiary ammunition used by Sabotage Group (diversion using UAVs near VOLNOVAHA, 02/22/2016) до 1 км до 7 км Sabotage group Controller Drones’ typical characteristics Take off weight, kg Payload, kg Maximum speed km/h Practical ceiling, m The duration of the flight, hours 1 -30 0, 5 -12 100 Up to 5000 Up to 1
INCENDIARY AMMUNITION USED BY SABOTAGE RECONNAISSANCE GROUPS INCENDIARY MINE-GRENADE ZMG-1 Type of mine - incendiary, delayed action COMPOSITION: incendiary device (1 m delay action detonator type) (With a set of 4 different elements for tripping delay, the type of retarder - pyrotechnic and mechanical); incendiary charge of the grenade with a thermite sword (magnesium housing - for increasing the efficiency of grenades combustion ) Weight - 0, 81 kg Fusing time: - incendiary agent of charge - 20 sec. - pyrotechnic retarder of incendiary device - 8 – 15 sec. - Incendiary charge with magnesium alloy body - 7 – 15 min. The temperature of mines combustion - 2000 – 2300 degrees Temperature limits - with metal element - -20 +40 - without metal element - -50 +50 3
The facts of fire on ammunition storages in the South-East of Ukraine 3 63 thousand tons rocket system “Luna-М", ammunition for missile for artillery, tanks and APC; artillery, tanks APC; antitank guided missile, MANPAD KHARKOV ХАРЬКОВ KRAMATORSK DNEPROPETROVSK ДНЕПРОПЕТРОВСК LUHANSK ЛУГАНСК DONETSK ДОНЕЦК KRIVOY ROH КРИВОЙ РОГ MELITOPOL МЕЛИТОПОЛЬ 90 thousand tons(4, 8 thousand standard carriages ) MLRS “Hrad", “Smerch", “Urahan "
CONSEQUENCES OF DIVERSION in the ammunition depot in Svatovo (29. 10. 2015) 3 3, 5 thousand tons of ammunition have been destroyed (including the MLRS “Urahan") at a joint field stock of rocket and missile artillery weapons of the MOD of Ukraine and more than 1, 700 houses in Svatovo have been damaged.
CONCLUSIONS ON THE ONGOING SITUATION in the framework of the RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN CONFLICT 1. The leadership of Russian Federation continues to implement the "hybrid war" concept in the phase of the low-intensity conflict maintenance in the south-east of Ukraine. The disclosure and presentation to the international community of the current management system, system of training and support of 1 AC and 2 AC in Southern military command of the RF Armed Forces, as well as personalities of Russian "curators" and "commanders" of illegal armed groups didn’t cause the Kremlin refuse to further situation destabilization in the Eastern Ukraine. 2. Economic non-viability of the “Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics project" within the existing territory entails efforts of further boundaries expansion of the selfproclaimed "republics" by capturing Donbas infrastructure on the territory which is not controlled by them. In order to implement this objective (despite the negative reaction of the international community and the Minsk agreement progress) Russian Federation continues to transfer military equipment, fuel and ammunition to the line of separation, as well as conduct training of 1 AC and 2 AC units in the system of troops training of the Southern military command of the RF Armed Forces. 3. Occupied territories of Ukraine turned into subsidized region for Russia, where the level of industry and agriculture is low, the proportion of pensioners is very high, and the ecological situation is critical. Against the impending financial and economic crisis in Russia, the Kremlin leadership is not able to provide "another one Crimea. " This leads to frustration of the population of "republics", which considers the problem of the Russian citizenship as a solved one.
GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF MILITARY COOPERATION AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS OF THE GENERAL STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE Thank You for Your attention! 13