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GCSE Poetry An Introduction
What do we study? O Poetry Anthology 1789 to present (18 poems in two years) O Unseen poem & comparison – you have never seen them but you use the skills you’ve learned to answer on them.
Key terms O Theme O Alliteration O Tone O Imagery O Structure O Metaphor O Personal response O Simile O Language (see other) O Personification O Rhyme O Repetition O Onomatopoeia O Enjambment
THE MOIST PEARS
T - TONE M - METAPHOR H – HYPERBOLE O - ONOMATOPOEIA E – EMOTIVE WORDS P - PERSONIFICATION I – IMAGERY E - ENJAMBMENT A - ALLITERATION S - SIMILE T - THEME R – RHYME / REPETITION S - STRUCTURE
Tone It is usually an emotion that the author is feeling as they write. You can hear it in the language used. For example: bitter sad regretful
Hyperbole O Pronounced ‘high-per-bowl-ay’ O It is another word for extreme exaggeration and is used to make a strong point. For example: - I felt a thousand eyes on me as I entered the room. - I’ve told you a million times. - I am so embarrassed I could die!
Emotive words O These are words that create an emotion or show a strong feeling in the reader. O ‘Emotive’ comes from the word ‘emotion’. For example: heroic humiliation brave heartless
Metaphor O A figure of speech that compares unlike objects. It says something is something that it is not. For example: - The exam was a breeze. - She was my rock in this situation. - Your brother is a pig.
Onomatopoeia O The use of words whose sounds suggest their meaning. For example: - Bang - Chuckle - Splash
Imagery O Imagery is visually descriptive language. O It allows you to create a picture in your mind with the poet’s words. For example: O He felt like the flowers were waving him a hello. O A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Simile O A comparison usually using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’. For example: - As busy as a bee - I slept like a log - Her face was as pale as the moon
Theme The central idea of the poem; what it is about. For example: - death - love - loneliness
Personification O When animals or objects are said to have human characteristics. For example: - The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky. - The run down house appeared depressed. - When the DVD went on sale, it flew off the shelves. - The storm attacked the town with great rage.
Enjambment O When sentences run into the next line with no punctuation or pause between them. For example: It is a beauteous evening, calm and free, The holy time is quiet as a Nun Breathless with adoration; the broad sun Is sinking down in its tranquillity.
Alliteration O The repetition of one or more initial consonants in a group of words or lines of poetry or prose. For example: - delicious dinner - miserable merchant - fantastic friend
Rhyme O Rhyme is when two or more words have the same sound at the end of a sentence. O A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhymes within a poem. O They are marked like this ABAB or ABACAB etc.
Repetition O When a sentence or phrase is repeated. A poet does this for effect.
Structure O How is the poem organised? O How many stanzas does it have? How many lines have they got? O When discussing structure, you will talk about the effect its structure has on theme. O Is it regular or irregular?
Personal response O How do you feel about the poem? O You can dislike it however you must have a reason – you can’t say ‘it’s boring’ or ‘it doesn’t make sense’ or I don’t understand it’. These are not reasons an examiner will accept!
O You must use examples from the poem to support your answer. O You only need to quote what is relevant, not a whole stanza.
O I like this poem because … O it is easy to relate to the topic O simple use of language O the imagery is very powerful O the repetition and rhyme make it enjoyable to listen to O the poet has used alliteration and personification to great effect O the poet deals with an important topic … Sample responses