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GCSE English Support Event 12 th December 2012 GCSE English Support Event 12 th December 2012

Agenda § 9. 15 am § 9. 30 -10. 00 am § 10. 00 Agenda § 9. 15 am § 9. 30 -10. 00 am § 10. 00 -10. 20 am § 10. 20 - 12. 30 pm § 12. 30 - 1. 30 pm § 1. 30 - 2. 30 pm § 2. 30 - 2. 45 pm Registration Welcome and Introduction Tea/Coffee Unit 1 Lunch Unit 2 Evaluation

Today’s Focus Examination Preparation § providing resources § general advice and guidance § deconstructing Today’s Focus Examination Preparation § providing resources § general advice and guidance § deconstructing questions § exemplar responses

How the exams are marked § The exams will be marked using positive assessment. How the exams are marked § The exams will be marked using positive assessment. § The Examiners/Markers are solely concerned with crediting what has been achieved in an answer. § They will ignore what the candidate has overlooked, misinterpreted or added irrelevantly. § The Mark Schemes are written to tie in with this positive approach.

Assessment Objectives § Examiners/Markers are required to make a series of assessments. § These Assessment Objectives § Examiners/Markers are required to make a series of assessments. § These are based on the specific Assessment Objectives that are set out in the Mark Scheme for each question.

General Information § We are not looking for perfection § We are aware of General Information § We are not looking for perfection § We are aware of the pressure of exams, the time limitations, etc. § Answers that receive maximum marks may contain some errors (expression/ spelling/ punctuation)

Myth X § You don’t need to study for GCSE English. Myth X § You don’t need to study for GCSE English.

Timing § 2 exam papers § 2 X 45 minute questions Timing § 2 exam papers § 2 X 45 minute questions

Unit 1 Section A Personal Writing 45 minutes (p 2 -14) Unit 1 Section A Personal Writing 45 minutes (p 2 -14)

The Assessment Objectives (p 2) 1. Writing clearly, effectively and imaginatively to engage the The Assessment Objectives (p 2) 1. Writing clearly, effectively and imaginatively to engage the reader 2. Using a style that matches vocabulary to purpose and audience 3. Organising ideas/information logically into sentences and paragraphs 4. Making use of language and structural features for effect 5. Using a range of sentence structures as well as punctuating and spelling accurately.

The type of question Candidates will be asked to produce a single piece of The type of question Candidates will be asked to produce a single piece of writing on a given subject. They will be required to write in one of a variety of forms: § § a magazine article for your school magazine a letter to a friend or a local newspaper a speech or presentation to other pupils, or, a personal essay for the examiner.

Writing – 24 marks § AO 3 (i) and (ii) – structure/development 16 marks Writing – 24 marks § AO 3 (i) and (ii) – structure/development 16 marks § AO 3 (iii) – use of sentences and accuracy spelling, punctuation and grammar 8 marks

A typical task (p 4) Form: a speech § You have been asked to A typical task (p 4) Form: a speech § You have been asked to make a speech to your classmates on your favourite possession. Audience: classmates Purpose: to describe

Topics X § Your favourite …. (teacher/ possession/ holiday, etc) § Your worst ever Topics X § Your favourite …. (teacher/ possession/ holiday, etc) § Your worst ever holiday § A memorable journey § Your closest friend

Section A – Personal Writing § 45 minutes § 10 mins – planning your Section A – Personal Writing § 45 minutes § 10 mins – planning your response to the task § 25 -30 mins – writing your response § 5 mins – checking your work

Writing Techniques (p 5+6) § Rhetorical Questions § Rapport § Emotive Language § Indirect Writing Techniques (p 5+6) § Rhetorical Questions § Rapport § Emotive Language § Indirect involvement § Hyperbole § Assertive Language § § § § Repetition Alliteration Statistics Humour Personal Anecdote Tone Effective opening Strong conclusion

Example Openings (+ Conclusions) p 38 -39 § An unusual detail: “A typical child Example Openings (+ Conclusions) p 38 -39 § An unusual detail: “A typical child needs 2, 000 calories for an entire day and Burger King’s Whopper with triple cheese has 1, 300 calories” § A strong statement: “Fast food consumption has risen 500 percent since 1970 and today pervades nearly every segment of society, including school canteens” § A quotation: “Shakespeare said, ‘All the world’s a stage …. ’” § An anecdote: “My hands felt sticky after pulling open the doors to “Big Bobby’s Boisterous Burger Hut”. The odor smelled of fried everything. I ordered a Big Bobby Combo #2. There was enough food to serve a small third world country on my tray. ”

Example Openings (+ Conclusions) § A statistic or fact: “There are over 2. 7 Example Openings (+ Conclusions) § A statistic or fact: “There are over 2. 7 billion searches on Google each month. ” § A question: “Have you ever considered how many books we would have read if it were not for television and the Internet? ” § An exaggeration or outrageous statement: “The whole world watched as the comet flew overhead. ”

Hooks or Grabbers!! § Unusual detail § Strong statement § Quotation § Anecdote § Hooks or Grabbers!! § Unusual detail § Strong statement § Quotation § Anecdote § Statistic or Fact § Question § Exaggeration or Outrageous Statement § Under § Some § Quilts § Are § Surprisingly § Quick § Elephants

Good Opening statements Topic: “The worst day of my life”: X § I am Good Opening statements Topic: “The worst day of my life”: X § I am going to write about the worst day in my life. § I’m sure you all have heard of the expression “getting out of the wrong side of the bed in the morning”. § The piercing 6: 30 alarm jarred me out of a restful sleep. It didn’t get any better after that.

Task - p 8 + 9 § 3 examples of writing – different approaches Task - p 8 + 9 § 3 examples of writing – different approaches to personal writing task

A lively start that addresses the reader directly - ‘you’. So you’re going on A lively start that addresses the reader directly - ‘you’. So you’re going on holiday to KL! It’s a brilliant place, a real mix of Malay, Chinese and Indian culture. There’s so much going on that you won’t want to go to bed at night. Now you’re probably thinking, ‘I hope she’s not going to bore me writing some tedious travel guide. ’ Well I’m not. You’ll find your own way, but here a few suggestions about things that you can say or do. Your first adventure will be negotiating the airport. I don’t like it, even if it is very modern and impressive. I went there when it was first built and got lost it was so big. Every time I tried to find our departure lounge I ended up wandering into a different shop. Apparently the airport was designed so that people could be channelled into retail outlets to buy more goodies. Anyway, if you manage to get through the airport, you’ll need to get a taxi into the city centre, which (I say should) will take about an hour. Have you been to the Far East before? If you haven’t, the traffic might come as a shock. Sometimes it gets gridlocked for hours on end and nothing moves except the meter on the taxi. If you’re lucky, though, you’ll end up in the middle of town in time to see some of the city before dark. There are so many things to do, like going to Petronas Towers, visiting the National Museum, taking a trip on the elevated railway – or simply indulging yourself in a delicious local meal from a hawker stall.

Unusual choice of location grabs the reader’s attention One of my favourite places is Unusual choice of location grabs the reader’s attention One of my favourite places is the bus shelter outside school. Most people would not think a bus shelter is very interesting, and would expect a favourite place to be somewhere exotic. I suppose the main reason I like it so much – at least in the winter, is because it is one of the few places anyone can keep dry and reasonably warm on a main road when you need to get off the school premises at lunchtime. If you think a bus shelter is an odd place to choose, there are others who seem to share my odd choice. The other day for instance, the shelter was packed full of people chatting and nobody got any of the buses that pulled up. You’ll see now that it is not the décor or the architecture that makes the shelter a favourite place; it’s the company and the social diary. Yesterday I met up with three of my closest friends who I hadn’t seen for three days. We solved the world’s problems, swapped gossip and sorted out the weekend before getting back to Maths in Lesson 4. If you had to face Maths Lesson 4, you’d begin to see why the bus shelter is a favourite place.

metaphor Short sentence for effect simile Late November. The centre of the city lies metaphor Short sentence for effect simile Late November. The centre of the city lies still as a tomb, grey in the cold earth. Silent buildings are gravestones to the living cemetery beneath. A chill personification Adjectives build wind blows the hair across my face. Dust and dirt up a misty, desolate feeling swirl from the gutter and in a tin can rattles down the pavement, its half-consumed contents dribbling stickily behind. A cheeseburger carton limps unwillingly along before lodging beneath a bench. Strong, well-chosen The smell of stale onions lingers from an abandoned verbs in the present tense hot dog stand, and beside me, in the wide shop door, Adverbs create ‘sleazy’ a sign of life. A cardboard box shifts in the gloom and impression a dark shape shuffles. A cupped grey hand extends, alliteration yet I move away ashamed. onomatopoeia In the distance, the cars on the by-pass busily hum.

Connectives (p 10) § Make writing more fluent by linking information, ideas and events Connectives (p 10) § Make writing more fluent by linking information, ideas and events and showing the relationship between them. § Act as signposts for the reader. § Without connectives, writing reads like a list. § Learn them and use them in your writing!!

Top Answer (p 12) § Read the response Top Answer (p 12) § Read the response

I hated that place. I hated everything about it. Before I went to hospital I hated that place. I hated everything about it. Before I went to hospital I was terrified, and when I was there I was traumatised. I feared every step that walked past my door, fearing it was my surgeon. My surgeon was a plump and stumpy man, who in my opinion had a heart of stone. He wore black framed glasses that made his eyes look like pin pricks, and his lips were constantly pursed. The day he told me I needed life-threatening surgery was routine for him, but tore my world apart. This lack of concern and sympathy for me made me detest this man with every possible bone in my body.

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Paragraphing Remember P. E. E: Paragraphing Equals Excellence Paragraphing Remember P. E. E: Paragraphing Equals Excellence

Paragraphing REMEMBER TIPTOP When you skip to a new time When you skip to Paragraphing REMEMBER TIPTOP When you skip to a new time When you skip to a new place When you start in on a new topic When a new person begins to speak

Plan Subject: __________ § § § § § ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ___________________________ Plan Subject: __________ § § § § § ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ___________________________

Flow Chart Subject: Flow Chart Subject:

Spider Diagram/Mind Map Topic Spider Diagram/Mind Map Topic

Planning Remember P. E. E: Planning Equals Excellence Planning Remember P. E. E: Planning Equals Excellence

Ending If a student runs out of time: § Do not end writing tasks Ending If a student runs out of time: § Do not end writing tasks with a series of bullet points. § If they have only a couple of minutes left they should write a concluding paragraph.

Exemplar Responses Exemplar Responses

Paper 1 Section B Reading Multi-Modal Texts 45 minutes (P 15 -31) Paper 1 Section B Reading Multi-Modal Texts 45 minutes (P 15 -31)

Target skills 1. read and understand texts, and 2. read and understand images § Target skills 1. read and understand texts, and 2. read and understand images § select material appropriate to purpose; § make connections between ideas, texts, words § analyse how the language used varies according to audience; § explain how writers use language in particular ways and employ presentational features to capture the reader’s attention; § draw together material from different sources.

Assessment Objectives (p 16) § AO 3 i: selecting material appropriate to purpose/ collating Assessment Objectives (p 16) § AO 3 i: selecting material appropriate to purpose/ collating & making c-refs § AO 3 ii: dev. and sustain interpretations § AO 3 iii: explaining and evaluating how a writer uses linguistic, grammatical and structural devices to achieve effects

Question : 45 mins This DVD cover helps to advertise and sell this film. Question : 45 mins This DVD cover helps to advertise and sell this film. How does the language used in both DVD covers help promote/ sell the DVDs? (15 marks) This DVD cover helps to advertise and sell this film. How do presentational devices help to promote/ sell this DVD? In your answer consider: § the layout § the use of images § the use of colour. (9 marks)

How to use the time 45 minutes § 15 mins – reading + annotating How to use the time 45 minutes § 15 mins – reading + annotating texts § 20 mins – Q 1 – Language § 10 mins – Q 2 – Presentational Devices

Multi-modal texts used in the exam: § § § § DVD covers Advertisements Leaflets Multi-modal texts used in the exam: § § § § DVD covers Advertisements Leaflets Websites Book covers Magazine covers Posters Promotional flyers

Compare + Contrast Compare + Contrast

Ice: Makes one think of a cool, refreshing drink Word “Enjoy!” – with an Ice: Makes one think of a cool, refreshing drink Word “Enjoy!” – with an exclamation mark emphasizes the pleasure associated with this drink. Colour Red: Dominant colour Striking colour/ stands out Associated with strength, energy Dramatically different colour to its main rival Pepsi Simple and distinct red and white colour scheme Beads of condensation create a cool and refreshing image Worldwide instantly, recognizable global brand Font – Spencerian script – dominant form of formal handwriting in the 19 th Century in USA when Coca Cola was first created Coke bottle Instantly recognizable shape Symbolic (iconic symbol) of the popular drink

Compare + Contrast Dominant colour is blue: dominant colour water, ice, coldness, refreshing Blue: Compare + Contrast Dominant colour is blue: dominant colour water, ice, coldness, refreshing Blue: dramatically different colour to its main rival Coca Cola Font used is bold and masculine suggests strength / power – very different from font used by main rival Coca Cola World-wide recognized logo Red, white and blue colour scheme is simple and distinctive Bright colours used in logo stand out May also suggest country of origin USA Icicles create a sense of dramatic movement suggesting Pepsi is a sharp and powerfully tasting drink Also suggest a cool refreshing drink

Compare + Contrast Compare + Contrast

Name ‘Fanta’ is an African word meaning “beautiful day” – a symbol of happiness Name ‘Fanta’ is an African word meaning “beautiful day” – a symbol of happiness and good spirit Simple and distinct orange and blue colour scheme Logo: Reminds one of a stalk/leaf at the top of an orange Bubbles suggest a cool, fizzy and refreshing drink Green which suggests nature/naturalness Colour Orange: Instantly recognizable global brand Dominant colour Colour of the actual drink Striking colour/ bright/ stands out Associated with energy, health, natural, happiness Font: soft and rounded like an orange Droplets of the orange and the bubbles swirling around helps you visualize and ultimately desire the drink.

‘Sprite’ is an elf-like creature implying this is a fun and playful drink Dominant ‘Sprite’ is an elf-like creature implying this is a fun and playful drink Dominant colours are blue and green: World-wide recognized logo Blue: suggests water, ice, coldness, refreshing White , blue, green colour scheme is simple and distinctive Green: suggests nature Bright colours used in logo stand out Yellow: reflects the lemon flavour of the drink and the yellow dot above the letter “i” looks like a lemon Font used is bold and masculine suggests strength / power Swirls: create a sense of dramatic movement suggesting this is a sharp and powerfully tasting drink Bubbles: suggest the drink is cool and refreshing

What do you learn about this film by studying the presentational features used in What do you learn about this film by studying the presentational features used in this poster?

Strange characters, costumes, settings and animals imply that the genre is fantasy An array Strange characters, costumes, settings and animals imply that the genre is fantasy An array of familiar characters from “The Lord of the Rings” films will appeal to fans and suggests continuity An action shot from the movie suggests conflict and possibly war Scenes from the film indicate where some of the action will take place – the setting Colours? Unfamiliar character will arouse curiosity. Is he on the side of good or evil? Large photograph of the main character dominates the centre the poster. He is focused on a document which will clearly have a key role in the plot of the film. Iconic ring is also placed in a central position to emphasise its importance in the film/story Exciting tagline reflects the subtitle of the film – suggest that audience will be brought on a journey of some kind through watching the film/story

Image of a ‘crisis centre. ’ Worried officials preside over incoming information with screens Image of a ‘crisis centre. ’ Worried officials preside over incoming information with screens and busy employees behind them. This creates a mood of panic. Perspective in image gives a wider sense of crisis. Harrowing front cover uses iconic symbol of Use of light beginning to Christ the King found on a mountain overlooking permeate through storm Rio de Janeiro. Why choose this? It suggests that clouds- symbolic of hope? the swirling, rising tides have risen to such sinister levels that the safety of this statue has This is juxtaposed with the been compromised. It has cracked and is now swirling, rising water which falling down upon the people below. Does it topples the formidable suggest that even God/faith is powerless in the statue of Christ. face of such Apocalyptic danger? Interesting Suggestive/evocative of the absence of a protagonist on the DVD cover Great Flood in The Old makes us realise that this danger is being faced Testament? by all of mankind. Very evocative use of symbol and colour. The bridge crowded with people Promotional features highlighted below hints at a possible scene in the film’s effectively through bullet points. Language narrative and makes the people and their plight used look insignificant in the face of this unfolding helps to promote the film and disaster. Threatening slogan. Register/ persuade viewers to buy/ watch it. Bold use of modern tone is very intimidating. e. g. Sense of exclusivity/uniqueness, ‘Never font to capture a Whereas the image before…’ ‘catchy’ film title. above suggests that Image of plane heading towards Apocalyptic/action films officials are struggling totoppling buildings of similar Repetition ‘so many…’ like this sometimes use keep a sense of control of symmetery is reminiscent of 9/11. dates the situation, here we seeas is the cloud of debris Rule of three: ‘religions, scientists and as markers for danger. 2012 how the crisis is affecting emerging around them. governments’ provocative and individuals. Medium frightening? Why? Catchy adjectives and nouns: ‘epic close-up of man and child Creates adventure, ’ ‘global cataclysm, ’ ‘heroic intrigue. We are (perhaps father and son) only in 2011. Does the struggle’ with faces in shockfuture really hold such suggests that the dangers? Global they face may be too warming? difficult to overcome. Makes viewers want to find out what happens to them.

Analysing Colours (p 20) Example responses to avoid: § “The colour red is used Analysing Colours (p 20) Example responses to avoid: § “The colour red is used and could mean that the film is a romantic film as red is a colour associated with love. However, sometimes red is used to symbolise danger therefore something terrible might happen in this film. ” § “Gold is used in the title to suggest time is precious. ” § “Black and white relate to death, purity and well-being. ”

Meaning of colours § Would you rather be green with envy, green behind the Meaning of colours § Would you rather be green with envy, green behind the ears, or green around the gills?

Analysing Colours § Sometimes colours are symbolic. § Sometimes colours may be used because Analysing Colours § Sometimes colours are symbolic. § Sometimes colours may be used because they are bright and eyecatching and therefore stand out.

Presentational Devices § p 18 Presentational Devices § p 18

A FOREST MAP A FOREST MAP

A FOREST MAP A F O ALLITERATION FACTS OPINIONS R E S T M A FOREST MAP A F O ALLITERATION FACTS OPINIONS R E S T M A P REPETITION EMOTIVE LANGUAGE STATISTICS THREE (RULE OF) METAPHOR ASSONANCE PERSONIFICATION

Persuasive Language (p 17) Used to persuade someone to do something: § buy a Persuasive Language (p 17) Used to persuade someone to do something: § buy a product § believe in a particular argument § donate money to a charity, etc

The Donna by Emma Howard Britte feels lost when her recent behaviour places her The Donna by Emma Howard Britte feels lost when her recent behaviour places her into donna training. The school is known for turning spirited girls into obedient, cultured young women. Numerous appalling romours surround the donna profession – rumours that Britte hopes are unfounded. When Britte arrives at school, her leaders are polite but vague and evasive and Britte is sure they are hiding something. Once Britte learns their secret her world is turned upside down. “The Donna is an imaginative story of a young girl facing new experiences and dangerous circumstances. You’ll fall in love with characters and get wrapped up in the excitement. ” Melissa N. Arizona

The Donna by Emma Howard Britte feels lost when her recent behaviour places her The Donna by Emma Howard Britte feels lost when her recent behaviour places her into donna training. The school is known for turning spirited girls into obedient, cultured young women. Numerous appalling rumours surround the donna profession – rumours that Britte hopes are unfounded. When Britte arrives at school, her leaders are polite but vague and evasive and Britte is sure they are hiding something. Once Britte learns their secret her world is turned upside down. “The Donna is an imaginative story of a young girl facing new experiences and dangerous circumstances. You’ll fall in love with characters and get wrapped up in the excitement. ” Melissa N. Arizona

P. E. E. Answer the questions using P. E. E: § Point § Explain P. E. E. Answer the questions using P. E. E: § Point § Explain 1. State something relevant § Evidence/Example 3. Give an example to back it up 2. Explain why it is relevant REPEAT THIS OVER AND OVER THROUGHOUT THE ANSWER

Introductory Paragraph? ? § “Both of these DVD covers use presentational devices such as Introductory Paragraph? ? § “Both of these DVD covers use presentational devices such as pictures, layout and colour for effect. ” Get straight into answering the question: § “The DVD cover of Hurt Locker uses …”

Compare + Contrast p 23 A A A B B B § Compare and Compare + Contrast p 23 A A A B B B § Compare and contrast Text A + Text B throughout your response highlighting similarities + differences

Compare + Contrast p 24 A B B § Text A - analyse in Compare + Contrast p 24 A B B § Text A - analyse in detail A A B A § Text B – analyse in detail but refer back to Text A regularly to compare and contrast: highlighting similarities + differences

Exemplar Candidates should use a cross-reference style of response § the front cover of Exemplar Candidates should use a cross-reference style of response § the front cover of …DVD contains a tagline to promote the film: “. . . ” whereas the cover of … DVD relies on a review “. . . ” § ‘Product A is marketed more aggressively, e. g “. . . ”. In contrast, the marketing of Product B is more conservative and restrained.

Comparative Connections (p 10/24) however in spite of this whereas on the other hand Comparative Connections (p 10/24) however in spite of this whereas on the other hand in other respects on the contrary rather nevertheless differs from also in that respect alternatively instead elsewhere

Vary Your language (p 25) means reflects indicates creates conveys implies gives rise to Vary Your language (p 25) means reflects indicates creates conveys implies gives rise to demonstrates highlights emphasises reinforces strengthens

Top answer § p 28 to p 30 Top answer § p 28 to p 30